AAA Agricultural Adjustment Act By Briana Masucci, Gina Romano, and Alexa Zigenfus
What is it ? a law to stabilize farmers by raising the value of crops and reducing crop surplus • corn • wheat • cotton • rice • peanuts • tobacco • milk
Purpose/Goals of the AAA -production/power back to pre WWI levels -help the farmers out -restore their purchasing power -even the balance of supply/demand of farm commodities -became known as "parity"
Implementing the AAA -Initially funded with $100 million dollars -Then taken from farm processors after -called for subsidies to reduce certain crops - local committees were responsible for enrolling farmers - Agricultural Extension Service (AES) agents to oversee execution
Targets of the AAA Who? -Farmers What? -surplus crops
Who was against it? -Some farmers disliked it because they were concerned it was not the best thing for the well being of their farm. -Farm Processors: did not want the tax Change in government - Move away from Laissez Faire -Government became directly involved with farmers
Involvement - decreased involvement in normal lives - increased big business and large farms - could afford to cut back their surplus
Effectiveness -was deemed unconstitutional - affected small farms/ sharecroppers - gave no advantage to small farms (average person) - boosted big farms and food processors -farm processors did not want it (tax)
Works Cited "American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/fdr-aaa/>. "Historical Timeline of 1930." Agriculture in the Classroom. Growing a Nation, Interactive, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2012. <http://www.agclassroom.org/gan/timeline/1930.htm>.. "NCSU Libraries' Digital Collections: Rare and Unique Materials." Agricultural Extension Service Agents with Plaques. NC State University, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2012. Ganzel, Bill. "AAA, the Agricultural Adjustment Act & Administration." AAA, the Agricultural Adjustment Act & Administration. Living History Farm - Nebraska, n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012 Spurgeon, John. "Agricultural Adjustment Act - Encyclopedia of Arkansas." Agricultural Adjustment Act - Encyclopedia of Arkansas. N.p., 29 Apr. 2009. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. Thompsen, William J. "Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1933." Encyclopedia of American History; The Great Depression and World War II, 1929 to 1945. New York: Facts on File, 2010. Web. 29 Nov. 2012.