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The Perfect Tense

The Perfect Tense

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The Perfect Tense

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  1. The Perfect Tense WITH ETRE An Gulinck

  2. But, some verbs takeETREas an auxiliary verb in the perfect tense. • The tricky thing will be to know which ones they are The auxiliary verb we use to form the perfect tense is usually AVOIR An Gulinck

  3. Jesuis • Tues • Il/elle/on est • Noussommes • Vousêtes • Ils/ellessont ETRE- a reminder An Gulinck

  4. Mrs Van De Tramp Opposite pairs Houses of ETRE Knights on the castle (Encore Tricolore method) Chicken story animation Tintin The ETRE verbs:tips to remember them An Gulinck

  5. M OURIR(to die) • R ESTER (to stay) • S ORTIR(to go out) • V ENIR (to come) • ALLER(to go) • N AITRE (to be born) • D ESCENDRE (to go down, to get off) • E NTRER(to enter) • T OMBER(to fall) • R ETOURNER (to return) • A RRIVER(to arrive) • M ONTER(to go up, to get on) • P ARTIR (to leave) 1) Mrs Van De Tramp An Gulinck

  6. Sortirentrer • Monterdescendre • Arriverpartir • Mourirnaître • Allervenir • Tomberrester 2) Opposite pairs* * 12 verbs only An Gulinck

  7. 3. Houses of ETRE An Gulinck

  8. An Gulinck

  9. 3. Castle with knights (Encore Tricolore Method) An Gulinck

  10. http://claweb.cla.unipd.it/home/smazurelle/dynamots/a2/m5/gr_poussin.htmhttp://claweb.cla.unipd.it/home/smazurelle/dynamots/a2/m5/gr_poussin.htm 4. Chicken story animation (check out the link) An Gulinck

  11. 5. Tintin An Gulinck

  12. Il estné Naître An Gulinck

  13. Tintin et moisommesallés. aller An Gulinck

  14. Ilssontmontés monter An Gulinck

  15. Tintin et Milousonttombés. Tomber An Gulinck

  16. Ilssontsortis Sortir An Gulinck

  17. Ilssontarrivés arriver An Gulinck

  18. Tintin, Milou et Capitaine Haddock sontdescendus. descendre An Gulinck

  19. Le professeurTournesolestparti. Partir An Gulinck

  20. Il estrestédans la voiture rester An Gulinck

  21. La fuséeestmontée An Gulinck

  22. Il estvenu venir An Gulinck

  23. Tintinestretourné Retourner An Gulinck

  24. Il estentré entrer An Gulinck

  25. Ilssontmorts Mourir An Gulinck

  26. Reflexive verbs are ETRE verbs as well An Gulinck

  27. Verbs which reflect back to the subject • Often translated with ‘to get…’ • Reflexive pronoun (myself, yourself…) • They have ‘se’ in the infinitive Reminder: Reflexive verbs An Gulinck

  28. Se LAVER (to get washed) • Jemesuislavé(e) • Tut’eslavé(e) • Il s’estlavé, elles’estlavée • Nousnoussommeslavé(e)s • Vousvousêteslavé(e)s • Ilssesontlavés, ellessesontlavées. An Gulinck

  29. Most of the time they follow the general rule for ER verbs, IR verbs and RE verbs. • There are a few exceptions: mourirmort, naîtrené, venir venu The past participles of ETRE verbs An Gulinck

  30. The past participles of ETRE verbs adapt to their subject • We add –e for a feminine subject • we add –s for a plural subject • we add –esfor a feminine plural subject The past participles of ETRE verbs An Gulinck

  31. We add –e for a feminine subject Elle s’estlavée. We add –s for a plural subject Noussommesarrivés. We add –esfor a feminine plural subject. Ellessont venues. An Gulinck

  32. Jeàl’école(aller, masc). • Elle àl’école(aller) • Nous(venir, masc). • Elles(venir). • Il(se laver, masc) • Nous(se laver, masc) • Elles(se laver) • Sophie en France (naître). • Ils en 1972 (mourir, masc). suisallé estallée sommesvenus sont venues s’estlavé noussommeslavés se sontlavées est née Some examples of perfect tense constructions with ETRE sontmorts An Gulinck

  33. Jeàl’école. • Elle àl’école. • Nous • Elles • Il • Nous • Elles • Sophie en France • Ils en 1972. suisallé estallée sommesvenus sont venues s’estlavé noussommeslavés se sontlavées est née Some examples of perfect tense constructions with ETRE sontmorts An Gulinck

  34. Do you know which verbs take ETRE and which ones AVOIR in the perfect tense? • Which is your favourite method for remembering the ETRE verbs? • What can you say about the past participles of ETRE verbs? RECAP An Gulinck