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Sail Vessel Rigging Inspection

Sail Vessel Rigging Inspection

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Sail Vessel Rigging Inspection

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  1. Sail Vessel Rigging Inspection Marc Cruder – Traveling Senior Marine Inspector – USCG Headquarters Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  2. Traveling Inspection Staff (CG-5P–TI) • Unique, Specialized, Highly Experienced Staff • Mission Management & Inspection Specialists • Recommendations to CG-5P and its Directorates • Targeted Vessels and Oversight/Issues of Concern • On-Call Technical Resource for Sectors/Districts/Areas • Oversight/Audits/Special Studies • Support to CG-INV for Safety Recommendations and Marine Safety Alerts as a result of Casualties • Primary technical advisors to the NCOEs • Industry Advocate/Operator POC to Broker Concerns “Provide professional Marine Safety expertise and leadership to improve proficiency and performance to meet mission requirements.” Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  3. Sail Vessel Population • 5% of the inspected fleet nationally (350+) • Concentrations:- Hawaii = 15%; almost all catamarans- D7 = 30%; three quarters catamarans- D1 = 35%; mostly traditional rigs- D11/D13 combined = 20%; mixed rigs Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  4. Sail Vessel Casualty History Over the last 8 years: • 37 casualties specific to Sail Vessels • 18 involved masts, spars and rigging • (15) were dismastings; (1) failed topping lift; (1) failed bowsprit; (1) failed gaff • 10 of 15 were sailing catamarans - 3 in Hawaii (2 w/fatalities); 1 in San Francisco; 2 in Key West, 1 in St. Croix, USVI and 3 in San Juan, PR • 3 of 15 were traditional schooners Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  5. Na Hoku II – Dismasted Dec 2006 - Mamala Bay, HI - 1 fatalityO.N. 996153 – MISLE Case No. 329465 Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  6. Na Hoku II • Causal Factors • Altered/Non-standard mainsail installation not submitted for CG review • Holes drilled in unsupported span • Other factors • Master was an unspecified distance outside the boundaries of his inland license as defined by the OCMI, but within sight of land • Master tested positive for THC Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  7. Kiele V – Dismasted March 2007 - Maui, HI - 1 fatalityO.N. 628114 – MISLE Case No. 2895732 Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  8. Kiele V • Causal factors - undetermined (at least by the CG) since much of rig unrecoverable • Other factors - Mast step collar found sheered off * typical catamaran specific installation; * opened dialog for regular unstepping of the rig - History of prior dismastings in 1991 and 1996 Sail Rigging for MIC - July 2014

  9. Catamaran Mast Step Failure Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  10. Ho O Nanea - Dismasted July 2008 - Oahu, HI O.N. 939251 – MISLE Case No. 3277942 Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  11. Rig Failures Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  12. GET AWAY - Dismasted 16 August 2013 – Fajardo, PR O.N. 1072889 – MISLE Case/Activity = 4687110/4687063 Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  13. Rig Failures Outer Bobstay “Cranse Iron”Failure (with evidence of previous fracture) Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  14. Pride of Baltimore II • Component loading underestimated in original installation – cranse iron redesigned for re-rig • Failed iron showed indication of previous cracking before catastrophic failure • Inspection may not have revealed the flaw • No evidence of poor or improper maintenance • Nonetheless raises USCG awareness of the traditionally rigged fleet Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  15. USCG Response • Inspected Sailing Vessel Compliance Exam “surge” locally • Drafting and Implementation of Sector Honolulu Inspection Note 13 • Safety Recommendations responded to by published Commandant’s Actions Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  16. SPV Examination Surge - Hawaii 59 Vessels Examined: • 18 Vessels received CG-835’s. • 5: deficiency correction in 30 days • 11: deficiency correction prior to sailing • 2: permanently removed their sailing rigs Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  17. Sector Honolulu Inspection Note 13 • Consensus of local/national Industry & CG • Available in the public domain on-line • Requires “regular rig examination regime” • Prescribes Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) where “questions remain” • Provides 3rd party survey “minimum content” Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  18. Third Party Rigging Surveys • Minimum content to include:- Purpose of survey- Method of survey- Vessel and Rigging Design Description- Key Component Examination (Standing Rigging)- Running Rigging and Deck Hardware Inventory- Summary and Conclusions- Recommendations Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  19. Post Accident Recommendations and Response - Na Hoku II Safety Recommendation 6461: • Develop national minimum standard for masting & rigging of sailing vessels, including a standard time interval for unstepping masts for inspection & third party surveys Commandant’s Response: • Do not concur. Existing industry standards are adequate if properly applied. Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  20. Post Accident Recommendations and Response - Na Hoku II Safety Recommendation 6463: • Design/construction stds for masts/rigging • Engineer’s/Architect’s certification to MSC for all sail plan/rigging configurations Commandant’s Response: • Partially concur. No justification for design and construction stds • Consider changing MSC submittal from OCMI discretion to mandatory (regulatory). Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  21. Post Accident Recommendations and Response - Na Hoku II Safety Recommendation 6536: • Publish uniform minimum standards for third party rig surveys Commandant’s Response: • Partially concur. Apply Honolulu Inspection Note 13 nationally, then evaluate whether a national standard is appropriate. Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  22. Post Accident Recommendations and Response - Na Hoku II Safety Recommendation 6537: • Create a curriculum of training addressing rig design/maintenance/inspection including case studies of failures/mishaps Commandant’s Response: • Concur. Establish curriculum as part of Basic Marine Inspector’s Course; Pursue policy guidance and third party training Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  23. Sail Vessels - The Regulatory Box • 46 CFR 176.402(c)(1): Requires inspection of masts, spars, standing & running rigging, blocks, fittings, and sails at initial inspection. • 46 CFR 176.802(a)(3): Inspection of masts, spars, standing & running rigging, blocks, fittings and sails at subsequent inspections • 46 CFR 176.840: OCMI may require any additional test & inspections deemed reasonable and necessary to determine vessel and its equipment are suitable for its service. • 46 CFR 177.330: Design, materials and construction of vessel and rig suitable for intended service. OCMI may require detailed calculations. Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  24. Post - Inspection Note Implementation Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  25. Post - Inspection Note Implementation Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  26. Post - Inspection Note Implementation Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  27. St. Croix and Key West – 2009/10 • 3 dismastings in 9 months - CG District 7 • 2 involved catamarans with failed stays and Sta-Lok mechanical end fittings Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  28. Other – Booms and Topping Lifts https://cgportal.uscg.mil/lotus/mypoc/?uri=wcm%3a3d0fff0043cfb080876fcfb8646fe1b6 http://www.roverschooners.com/ Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  29. Other – Booms and Topping Lifts https://cgportal.uscg.mil/lotus/myquickr/domestic-vessel-inspections/announcements Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  30. Other – Booms and Topping Lifts Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  31. Schooner ZODIAC – Seattle, WASeptember 2010 Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  32. Schooner ZODIAC – Main Mast Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  33. Documented Vessel Examples • DENIS SULLIVAN - Incident to unstepping the rig for winter maintenance (Sturgeon Bay - 2009/10 ) • SPIKE AFRICA - Incident to rebuild/recertification (Seattle - 2009/10) • ZODIAC - Incident to dismasting and to establish rig maintenance protocol moving forward (Seattle - 2010/11) • ADVENTURESS - Proactively to establish rig maintenance program in response to USCG outreach post-ZODIAC dismasting(Seattle - 2010/11) Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  34. 2011 – The Practice of Prevention • Rigging Awareness and pro-active stance by MIs:- dialoging with Masters and crew to establish state of rigging inspection regime onboard;- rigging maintenance records crossed to actual conditions onboard by visual inspection;- ordering third party rigging surveys for cause;- engaging internal /external resources when things don’t look right - using operational controls prior to carrying passengers Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  35. S/V HERITAGE – Newport, RI Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  36. S/V ROBERT C. SEAMANS - Hawaii Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  37. S/V LADY WASHINGTON Aberdeen, WA Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  38. S/V DAEDALUS – Mobile, AL3rd Party Survey: “…NOT fit for use as a chartered S/V” Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  39. S/V TOLE MOUR – Long Beach, CA Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  40. S/V SPIRIT OF DANA PT – DANA PT, CA Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  41. S/V LIBERTY CLIPPER - Boston, MA Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  42. S/V ROSEWAY – St. Croix, USVI Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  43. S/V WINDY: Third Party Survey …the vessel is considered to be suitable for its intended use WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE USE OF TOPSAIL, OUTER JIB AND OR ANY OTHER DEVICE THAT WOULD SIGNIFICANTLY STRESS THE UPPER MASTS UNTIL THE PROPER REPAIR OF THE SPREADER ATTACHEMENTS HAVE BEEN PERFORMED. Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  44. Head Rig Failure: Schooner Halie & Matthew Broken wood spar – bowsprit Fractured galvanized chain - bobstay link Galvanized bobstay clevis pulled out of fiberglass hull @ stem Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  45. Fore Gaff Failure: Schooner RED WITCH Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  46. S/V ALMA – San Francisco, CA Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  47. Top 10 Common Rigging Deficiencies • Improperly sized wires and attachments • Elongation /wear of toggles/shackles • Lack of isolation of dissimilar metals • Unapproved modifications • Corrosion • Lead to load misalignment • Fractures/delamination – in high stress areas • Lack of maintenance – no program/no training • Running Rigging frayed/shackles worn/not moused • Cotter Pins missing/undersized Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  48. Sails and Rigging PQS Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  49. TSA/ USCG Collaboration with GL Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014

  50. USCG - DRAFT National Note on Rigging Sail Rigging for MIC July 2014