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Organizing Your Speech. Chapter 9. Organization. Speech structure The systematic arrangement of ideas into a coherent whole Makes speeches listenable. Main points. Give speech focus Most important, comprehensive ideas Help decide information to include & leave out
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Organizing YourSpeech Chapter 9
Organization • Speech structure • The systematic arrangement of ideas into a coherent whole • Makes speeches listenable
Main points • Give speech focus • Most important, comprehensive ideas • Help decide information to include & leave out • Overarching themes or subjects
Organizing Process • Identify main points • Limit number of points (2-4) • Order main points Practice identifying main points in Interactive Activity 9.1: Choosing Main Points at the Invitation to Public Speaking website.
Organizational Patterns • Chronological • Spatial • Problem-and-solution • Causal • Topical
Preparing Main Points • Separate main points • Word main points consistently • Balance main points Reword main points parallel in Web Link 9.1: Parallel Form at the Invitation to Public Speaking website.
Connectives • Words & phrases used to link ideas in a speech From the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/eihd/2bluewb.htm
Transitions • Phrases that indicate one point is finished & speaker is moving on List of connectives at Web Link 9.2: Transition Words and Phrases at the Invitation to Public Speaking website.
Internal Preview • Statement in body of speech that details what discussed next
Internal Summary • Opposite of internal preview • Statement in body of speech that summarizes a point already discussed
Signpost • Simple word or statement • Lets audience know where you are in speech • Indicates important idea Visual Advantage Signs by Design http://avisualadvantage.com/images/portfolio/Street%20Signs.jpg
Citing Sources • Adds credibility to ideas • Enhances speaker credibility • Is ethical
Rules for Citing Sources • Give credit to others • Give specific information about source • Deliver all information accurately