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Egyptian Art

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  1. Egyptian Art

  2. Egyptian Art • (3500 - 30 B.C.) • Built dwellings of impermanent materials • Constructed tombs, temples and statues of imperishable stone • Religion and permanence where divinely ordained

  3. Palette of King Narmer, from Hierakonpolis, Late Predynastic, c.3100-3000 B.C. • Tablet for eye makeup • Formula for figure representation for 3000 years • King on back w/crown of Upper Egypt about to slay enemy sacrafice • Human falcon-Horus-sky god, proctector of King has captive papyrus (symbol of lower egypt) • Two heads of Hathor, goddess shown in cow form • Hieroglyph giving Narmers name enclosed in palace symbol

  4. Palette of King Narmer, from Hierakonpolis, Late Predynastic, c.3100-3000 B.C. • Front shows wearing cobra crown of Lower Egypt • Reviews beheaded bodies of enemies shown in aerial view like “Bison”; severed head neatly between legs • King on both sides to show superiority, performs alone, towers over all else • Superhuman strength shown by great bull knocking down city • Concetration on the King as a deified figure, isolated from and larger than others • Egypt establishes the kingship as divine and is one with the gods • Commerative rather than funerary

  5. Innermost coffin of Tutankhamen, from his tomb at Thebes,Dynasty XVIII, c.1325 B.C. • Obsessed with immortality; to ensure safety and happiness in the afterlife • The ka; other self which on the death of the fleshy body could inhabit the corpse and live on • The body must remain intact; developed embalming for dignitaries • Mummification, food, drink, clothing, utensils and other living apparatus • Image of the deceased sculpted in the round and paintings of the work cycles adorned the walls

  6. Innermost coffin of Tutankhamen, from his tomb at Thebes,Dynasty XVIII, c.1325 B.C. • Ruled for nine years and died at 18years old • Tomb was uncovered in 1922 • Royal mummy inside the innermost of 3 coffins, shaped in the form of Osiris-god of death • Innermost is made of beaten gold and semi prescious stones-lapis lazuli, turquiose and carnelian

  7. Great Pyramids of Gizeh. Menkaure (c.2525-2475), Khafre (c.2575-2525), Khufu (c.2600-2550) • Mastaba: rectangular brick or stone with sloping sides on top of the tomb chamber that provides the ka with access • Serdab : chamber that contains a small statue of the deceased-funerary chapel • Built over a period of 75 years; culmination of architectural evolution • Kings under of influence of Re-sun god had them built believing that his spirit and power resided in the pyramid stone and their spirit and bodies would also be divinely preserved • Khufu: length=775 ft, area=13 acres, height=450 ft

  8. Personal Palette • Design a Palette that tells a story about you. • Create the shape of the palette • Include Egyptian Hieroglyphics • Create symbols to illustrate key points • Use color to enhance the mood/emotion of your story. • Be sure to consider the Elements of Art and the Principles of Design