National Commission for Children Enhancing child’s protection in Rwanda National Conference on Violence Against Children – Kigali – 3-4 October 2011
Overview of the presentation • Update and orientation • Why have a National Children’s commission? • Country examples: • India • New Zealand • Mauritius • Bhutan • Afghanistan • Rwanda
Update and orientation • NCC has been in the conversation for 3-4 years • Law establishing the NCC • Prime Minister’s Order last week • NCC as implementer of our recommendations • Is it built on good foundations? • Does it have potential to perform its mission? • What would you recommend?
Why have a National Children’s commission? • To promote and protect child’s rights under the CRC • Provide national leadership, monitor and advocate for the wellbeing of all children • Ensure that children do not continue to fall through the gaps in policies/laws • Listen to, understand children and ensure that their opinion is heard.
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights India • An independent body to monitor implementation of the rights of the child. • Ensures that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Adm. Mechanisms are in line with the CRC. • Reach out to the community level in order to access every child. • Since its establishment, the commission has put focus on many important issues such as • Physical and mental abuse of children • Stigma against children with HIV/AIDS, • Human trafficking • Corporal punishment in schools
Children’s Commissioner - New Zealand • An independent advocate for young people. • Holds the Gov. accountable for commitments made to their youngestcitizens, including the CRC. • Can investigate any individual case, but also systemic issues affecting the rights, welfare, and interests of children. • Conducts research on issues related to children such as neglect and children in institutional care • Gives out quarterly newsletter that addresses topics such as child rights, child participation and inclusion, child violence and abuse, child neglect etc.
The Office of the Ombudsperson for Children in Mauritius • A strong advocate for preventing violence against children and launched a national campaign in 2004. • Have helped create awareness of violence against children and violations of children’s rights. • Has advocated for stronger legislation to protect childrenfrom commercial sexual exploitation, child trafficking, and on ending corporal punishment in schools.
National Commission for Women and Children -Bhutan • Given the mandate by the Gov. to protect the rights of children. • Over the years, Bhutan has come to address all issues related to children and their rights. • Has helped spearhead the rights of children and to accord adequate protection. • Through its initiative a number of laws have been drafted and are currently in theprocess of being enacted.
The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) • Monitors, protects and promotes children’s rights in the country. • Reports on a regular basis to parliament, government and the public on the situation of children and provides recommendations to address challenges. • It also takes up individual cases of child rights violation. • Trains groups of children on child rights through the child-to-child Stepping Up Child Protection education programme.
Highlights • Promote and protect the rights of all children under the CRC • Monitor and advocate for the wellbeing of children • Fill gaps in policies and legislation about child • Listen to the voice of children • Investigate individual cases • Quarterly newsletter on children's issues • Teach their rights to children
STRUCTURES IN THE EXAMLES • independent body ( India and New Zealand) • Ombudsperson (Mauritius) • Commission for Women and Children (Bhutan) • Independent Human Rights Commission (Afghan)
Rwanda National Commission for Children Autonomous Commission under MIGEPROF • Develop a national partnership and coordination in promoting child’s rights • Establish a common monitoring and evaluation framework for all interventions in favor of the child, • Identify gaps in laws and propose amendments
RWANDA (2) • Participate in the development of policies about children • Ensure child’s views are collected and used • Prepare reports on international conventions • Mobilize resources and monitor their utilization • Develop any tools that can be used for social mobilization campaign on the welfare and rights of the child; • Collaborate with other regional or international bodies with similar missions (CA/Hague Convent.)