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C a n c e r S u p p o r t S e r v I c e s

Colorectal (bowel) Cancer Research at the Cancer Council Queensland. A/Prof Anna Hawkes Manager, Psycho-oncology Research Unit The Cancer Council Queensland Spring Hill, Brisbane C a n c e r S u p p o r t S e r v I c e s.

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C a n c e r S u p p o r t S e r v I c e s

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  1. Colorectal (bowel) Cancer Research at the Cancer Council Queensland A/Prof Anna Hawkes Manager, Psycho-oncology Research Unit The Cancer Council Queensland Spring Hill, Brisbane C a n c e r S u p p o r t S e r v I c e s

  2. “When I was diagnosed with bowel cancer I was calm and collected, but looking back, I was in denial. I didn’t understand why cancer had picked on me; I was healthy, I thought I ate properly and exercised enough. I felt like my body had somehow failed me. I found I needed to know more, so I began to read about bowel cancer but I had to stop as I found I was only reading the negative stories. I decided that I wanted to experience this for myself…. Lisa’s Story

  3. ….. A year after my diagnosis, I found I needed to talk to someone who had gone through the same experiences I had. My family were very supportive, however it was also very difficult for them to deal with my cancer diagnosis. I felt like I needed to talk to someone who understood my experiences…... I still have problems with bowel movements two years after my diagnosis. Early on, I thought I would return to normal, but now I realise there is a different type of normal and that I will have to deal with this for the rest of my life.

  4. BACKGROUND • CRC most common cancer for men and women combined • around 12,500 new cases per year • 4,500 deaths per year (80 people a week) –  in remote areas • 60% of people survive CRC • Develops from tiny growths (polyps) in the colon or rectum • Symptoms include bleeding from rectum, persistent change in bowel habit, unexplained tiredness and abdominal pain • Risk of CRC increases: • age (greater if over 50), family history, history of polyps or IBD, poor diet, inactive, overweight • Healthy diet and exercise could prevent up to 75% of cases

  5. CRC can be treated successfully if detected early Rotary Program: Bowelscan To raise awareness and provide Faecal Occult Blood Tests (FOBT) to test for blood in the faeces Developed 1982, over 250 clubs involved annually National Screening Program Screening recommended every 2 years Turning 50, 55 or 65 yrs (then 55-74 yrs) Mailed FOBT kits GP follow up if necessary Low uptake 34% nationally, 29% QLD Lower in remote areas

  6. Little known about the long-term outcomes, needs and concerns of CRC survivors 57% CRC survivors have ongoing unmet needs Health professional support and information of greatest need CRC survivors suffer significant physical, lifestyle and psychosocial difficulties 25-40% report ongoing psychosocial problems Majority are not meeting guidelines for lifestyle behaviours Smoking, nutrition, alcohol and physical activity

  7. For CRC survivors, an improvement in lifestyle behaviours may result in:  physical functioning  fatigue  risk of cancer recurrence  risk of second primary cancer  risk of other chronic diseases

  8. RESEARCH AIMS • To examine in detail how patients fare after a diagnosis of colorectal cancer: CRCQOL • - Largest study of it’s kind • 2. To develop and trial a support program to improve well-being for CRC survivors: CanChange • - First trial of a comprehensive support program for CRC survivors • To investigate geographical differentials in CRC screening in Queensland: CanScreen • - 1st Australian-based study to explore CRC screening and knowledge by geographical location

  9. 2000 adults diagnosed with CRC between Jan 2003 and Dec 2004 Contacted 4-6 months post-diagnosis then every year for 5 years Health outcomes collected by telephone interview and self administered questionnaire 1. CRCQOL

  10. Compared with QLD population, 1 year post-diagnosis CRC survivors more likely to be: Underweight (2.4% vs 1.2%) Obese (21.3% vs 19.7%) A former smoker (53% vs 42%) Risky drinker (22% vs 16%) Inactive (37% vs 20%) 10-20% of CRC survivors distressed at 1 year CRCQOL RESULTS

  11. Support program Focus on lifestyle support Patient empowerment and self management Telephone delivered by trained health coaches Includes: Fortnightly health coaching sessions for 6 months interactive computer application participant handbook 2. CANCHANGE

  12. Currently piloting the program Full trial from 2009 Investigators from: TCCQ University of Queensland QIMR University of Alberta, Canada Medical Oncologist Consumer Representative

  13. CANCHANGE PILOT RESULTS • 100% program adherence • 76% program excellent • 100% recommend CanChange to other CRC patients • 80% program helped them address current issues • 100% health coach excellent, 75% handbook excellent • Improvements in diet, physical activity and quality of life • “.. it was absolutely wonderful, helped me so much and I didn't want it to end….”

  14. Queensland population-based survey to identify CRC screening knowledge and behaviour Randomly recruiting 3000 urban & remote Postal survey 3. CANSCREEN

  15. GP survey ofattitudes towards CRC symptoms and screening, and knowledge of screening program and guidelines for management Randomly recruiting 500 remote and metro GPs Postal survey

  16. CRCQOL will help us to understand health outcomes for CRC survivors CanChange may be translated in to practice through telephone helplines (e.g. Cancer HELPLINE), and will provide much needed support for CRC survivors CanScreen will improve our understanding of CRC screening and the impact of geographical location SIGNIFICANCE

  17. CRC can be treated successfully if detected early Diet and exercise important in reducing risk of CRC, as well as CRC recurrence CCQ research will improve understanding and support for people at risk of, and diagnosed with, CRC For more information contact: Cancer HELPLINE 13 11 20 TAKE HOME MESSAGES

  18. Sara Gollschewski Susan Bell Brigid Hanley Monica West Jan Howell Dr Renault, Dr Colosimo, Dr Clark Bowel Cancer Support Group Study Participants (Lisa) Cancer Australia ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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