Chapter 8: Sections 2 and 3 Women Make Progress and the Struggle Against Discrimination
Progressive women expand reform • Temperance Movement: led by the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) promoted the practice of avoiding alcohol. • Margaret Sanger: believed that family life and women’s health would improve by having fewer children: By 1916 – she opened the country’s first birth control center. • Carrie Chapman Catt – National Women’s Suffrage Association • Vs. • Alice Paul – Social activist. National Women’s Party
The 19th Amendment • June 1919 congress approves the Nineteenth Amendment – which granted women the right to vote in 1920. • What could be the arguments against women gaining the right to vote? For example NAOWS
Section 3: The struggle against discrimination • NAACP: (1909) the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • Booker T. Washington – “The Negro must live peaceably with his white neighbors…the Negro must deport himself modestly…depending upon the slow but sure influences that proceed from the possessions of property, intelligence, and high character for the full recognition of his political rights.” • W.E.B. DuBois– We claim for ourselves every single right that belongs to a freeborn American…and until we get these rights we will never cease to protest…How shall we get them? By voting where we may vote, by persistent, unceasing agitation, by hammering at the truth, by sacrifice and work?
Section 3: The struggle against discrimination • Niagara Movement: Summer of 1905