“Starting and Maintaining 4-H Clubs” 4-H 101 CES Staff Development Series Thursday, December 10, 2009, 10:00 a.m. Steve McKinley Carl Broady email@example.com@purdue.edu 765-494-8435 765-494-8435
To access PowerPoint slides, visit: • U: drive, “State YDAE” file folder, then “4-H 101” file folder • “Save as”, then close to allow others to access the file • Lower left hand corner of your screen To ask questions during presentation, type in the Chat box:
4-H 101 Series • 4-H Purpose, History, and Structure (10/15/09) • Effectively Utilizing Volunteers (11/10/09) • Starting and Maintaining 4-H Clubs (12/10/09) • Expanding 4-H Opportunities (1/12/10) • Working with 4-H Parents (2/18) • Characteristics of Positive Youth Development & Life Skill Development (3/9)
Objectives of Program • Define characteristics of a 4-H Club. • Identify benefits of 4-H Club participation. • Explain steps to take when starting a 4-H Club. • Describe methods to select 4-H Club Officers and the roles of each office. • Discuss the basic components of a 4-H Club Meeting.
Objectives of Program • Name 9 steps involved with planning a 4-H Club Year. • Describe roles and responsibilities of participants in 4-H Clubs. • Create a marketing plan for a 4-H Club. • Recognize viable options for 4-H Club programs, community service, and fund raising activities.
Objective #1 Define characteristics of a 4-H Club.
Characteristics of a 4-H Club • A primary means of delivering 4-H programming • Organized group of youth • Planned program of activities • Advised by adults • Led by youth officers and committees • Provides opportunities to learn skills • Participates in service to the community • Allows youth to gain public speaking skills
Criteria for 4-H Youth Development Programming* • 4-H Programming (including 4-H Clubs) should… • Be research-based • Be developmentally-appropriate • Be based on needs of youth and parents • Provide access to Land Grant University resources • Offer membership to all youth * Policies established by NIFA (National Institute of Food and Agriculture)
Criteria for 4-H Youth Development Programming* • 4-H Programming (including 4-H Clubs) should… • Use experiential learning strategies • Encourage active participation • Rely heavily on adult volunteers • Provide training for adult volunteers • Comply with federal 4-H Name and Emblem policies and policies of State 4-H organization (see 4-H National Headquarters fact sheet) * Policies established by NIFA (National Institute of Food and Agriculture)
4-H Club Basics • 4-H Motto: “To Make the Best Better” • 4-H Symbol: four-leaf clover with an “H” in each leaflet • 4-H Colors: green (nature’s most common color; growth) and white (purity and bright ideals)
4-H Club Basics cont’d. • 4-H Pledge “I pledge – My HEAD to clearer thinking, My HEART to greater loyalty, My HANDS to larger service, and My HEALTH to better living for my club, my community, my country, and my world.”
Objective #2 Identify benefits of 4-H Club participation.
What are the benefits of 4-H Club participation? • Long-term involvement in a stable setting • Interaction with caring adults • Provides in-depth experiences • Chance to meet life-long friends • Opportunities to develop and practice leadership skills
What are the benefits of 4-H Club participation? • Gain self confidence • Learn by doing • Give back to the community • Build positive connections with others * Note the similarity of these benefits to Essential Elements of 4-H Youth Development and characteristics of Positive Youth Development
Objective #3 Explain steps to take when starting a 4-H Club.
Why Start a New 4-H Club? • Members, Parents, Volunteers, and Educators should work together to conduct a needs assessment that will determine if there is a need for a new 4-H Club. • Review feedback obtained from the Expansion & Review Committee to reach underserved audiences. • Consider: • Are existing clubs getting too large? • Do additional members need leadership opportunities? • Are there subject areas of interest to a group of members that need to be taught in more detail? • Is there a group of members who are unable to attend meetings of a current club due to scheduling conflicts?
Why Start a New 4-H Club? • Consider: • Will members be expected to attend meetings of this new club in addition to other club meetings? • Could the needs identified be effectively handled through a series of workshops? • Is there sufficient volunteer and parental interest to support a new club? • Is the interest in a new club due to members, parents, and/or volunteers who are dissatisfied with a current club?...probably not the best reason to start a new club!
Enrolling as an Official 4-H Club • At least 5 youth (in grades K-12) wish to join the club (from 3 or more families) • At least two adults are screened and trained as official 4-H Volunteers • A meeting place is secured • An official club name is chosen • The purpose and type of the 4-H Club is defined • Club rules or operating guidelines are established (Optional: may be in the form of by-laws)
Enrolling as an Official 4-H Club • Youth officers are selected to organize the club’s activities with the advice of the Adult Volunteer • A program of activities is set and communicated with the County Extension Office • At least 6 regular club meetings are held annually, supplemented by project workshops, camps, fairs, and other 4-H learning experiences • A 4-H Charter is obtained from the State 4-H Office
4-H Charter • Authorizes use of the official 4-H Name and Emblem. • Includes the unit under the federal Tax-Exemption Group Ruling for 4-H. • Charters should be obtained for each 4-H club and officially affiliated 4-H organization – committees, councils, etc. – submit list of clubs/units to State 4-H Office. • Charters do not expire. • For more information on charters, visit: http://www.national4-hheadquarters.gov/library/4h_polregs.htm
Enrolling 4-H Members • 4-H members enroll in 4-H Clubs annually • Counties have enrollment policies that govern their local program, determined by the local 4-H governing board with advice from the 4-H Youth Extension Educator • Enrollment policies should be inclusive to all who are interested in joining • Typically, a member will complete a 4-H Membership Card provided by the County Extension Office, turn it in to the 4-H Club Adult Volunteer Leader, who will submit it to the County Extension Office
Enrolling 4-H Members • Enrollment forms include the following: • General demographic information • Options of projects/activities for members to select • Parent/legal guardian and Member behavioral statements (see p. 5, General Terms & Conditions, Indiana 4-H Youth Program Policies & Procedures) • 4-H Youth Development Member Liability Release Statement (see p. 5, General Terms & Conditions, Policies & Procedures)
Enrolling Volunteers • All adults who wish to volunteer with the 4-H Program must complete the 4-H Adult Volunteer Application and Screening process (discussed in “Effectively Utilizing Volunteers” 4-H 101 program). • See Volunteer Management and Volunteer Management Forms sections in Indiana 4-H Youth Program Policies and Procedures notebook for additional information.
Securing a Meeting Place • Select a location that is easily accessible, safe, and that provides a good learning environment (space, A/V needs, lighting, etc.) • Consider requirements associated with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) • Convenient for parents and members • Common options include: community buildings, schools, churches, libraries, fairgrounds, etc. • A private home is not recommended due to liability risks for volunteers
Choosing a 4-H Club Name • Allow 4-H Club members to choose the name of their 4-H Club with advice from the Adult Volunteer. • Be creative • Hold contest among members • Be representative • What is the 4-H Club’s major activities? • Be inclusive • Avoid references to gender, race, and religion • Is there anything in the name that might be offensive to another group?
Selecting a Type of 4-H Club • Allow members and parents to help select the type and structure of the new 4-H Club. • How can this club meet the needs of those who will be participating? • How can this club fill a gap in the services currently offered by other 4-H Clubs in the County? How will this club be unique to avoid unnecessary duplication? • Most important consideration: choose the type of club that will best contribute to the positive development of the youth who will be involved.
Selecting a Type of 4-H Club • Options include: • Neighborhood – formed by youth and families within the same neighborhood • Community/Township – youth/families who live in a community or township • Project/Activity – include youth interested in learning about the same educational project or participating in the same activities • Mini/Exploring – youth in grades K-2 who are interested in learning about and participating in various non-competitive activities • After School – youth who attend club meetings at the end of the school day, typically at their school
Establishing 4-H Club Guidelines • 4-H Club guidelines help define the expectations and responsibilities of all who are participating. • Guidelines create structure and framework for the operation of the club. • Provide members with the opportunities to set and approve guidelines. • Can be identified through an initial brainstorming session. Ask the members… • What guidelines do you think we should have in this club? • What do you expect of the other members in this club? • What do you expect of the youth and adult leaders in this club?
Establishing 4-H Club Rules • Adult Volunteers can offer advice and suggestions during this process to keep the focus on positive youth development and to ensure that county, state, and federal 4-H policies are maintained. • Keep these notes in mind… • Rules should not be exclusive or overly restrictive. • Rules should not limit positive youth development. • Avoid attendance/participation requirements related to completion and/or exhibition of 4-H projects.
4-H Club By-Laws • Not a requirement for 4-H Clubs, but may be helpful in certain situations • A formal written agreement of the 4-H Club’s guidelines and operating policies • Approved by all of the club’s members • Can lessen the chances that conflicts will arise and will assist in handling disagreements that occur during the year • Are reviewed and approved by the 4-H Youth Educator to ensure that guidelines included are reasonable and inclusive (especially with regards to membership and attendance requirements) • Copy kept on file in the County Extension office
By-Laws Components • Name of 4-H Club • Purpose of 4-H Club • Policies regarding number of meetings held and process to make decisions • Membership • Officers, Elections, and Duties • Committees • Club Reports and Forms • Procedure to make amendments to by-laws
Objective #4 Describe methods to select 4-H Club Officers and the roles of each office.
Selecting 4-H Club Officers • Officers are the members responsible for the operation of the 4-H Club. • Officers should be given the freedom and responsibility by their Adult Advisors to develop their leadership skills and to learn from their mistakes. • Typically officers are selected by their peers. • Officers may be selected at the beginning or end of a 4-H year.
Selecting 4-H Club Officers • Methods to identify officer candidates include: • Member applications – those interested in an office complete an application detailing their interest and qualifications • Open nominations – during the election meeting, members may nominate themselves or their peers to serve as an officer • Slate of officers – typically prepared by the current officer group or nominating committee, the slate includes one nominee for each office. Nominees should be contacted in advance of the presentation of the slate.
Selecting 4-H Club Officers • Officers are typically selected by a vote of their peers. • Officer candidates may be given the opportunity to present their qualifications in front of the club (good for developing public speaking skills). • Club members may vote on paper ballot (more secretive) or by show of hands (possibly with eyes covered).
4-H Club Officer Duties • 4-H Club Officers may include: • President – presides over business portion of meeting; coordinates activities of club • Vice-President – presides in absence of President; chairs all committees • Secretary – records all club business; maintains membership records • Treasurer – keeps all financial records • Historian – keeps records of club activities; photographs activities; compiles scrapbook
4-H Club Officer Duties • Health & Safety Reporter – presents information to club related to their health and safety • Publicity/News Reporter – writes articles related to club activities for the local print and/or broadcast media; may also include Web site/social networking page updates • Recreation Leader – plans and leads recreation activities for each meeting • Song Leader – plans and leads songs for each meeting
Training 4-H Club Officers • Many 4-H members will have little or no experience as a 4-H Club Officer. Thus, it is important to offer resources to train the members in their officer duties. • Options include… • County 4-H Club Officer Training Workshop • Led by Jr. Leaders, Adult Leaders, Collegiate 4-H Club members, etc. • 4-H Club Officer Guides – web-based resources available for each office (4-H 448-455) • Additional resources are available at: http://www.four-h.purdue.edu/volunteer/otf.html#training • Ideally the training will be conducted early in the club year so that the officers will have the knowledge they need to be effective in their roles
Objective #5 Discuss the basic components of a 4-H Club Meeting.
Planning the 4-H Club Meeting • Typical Club Meeting Formula • Business/Opening – 15-20 minutes • Education Program – 30-45 minutes • Recreation/Refreshments – 15-30 minutes • Total Meeting time: 60-90 minutes • Suggestion: plan a pre-meeting activity to give something for the early-arrivers to do before the meeting officially starts.
Business Portion of Meeting • Time to discuss future plans, receive updates on activities, discuss financial situation • Should not become overriding focus of meeting • Allow members to learn to practice democracy and to speak in front of a group • Follow basic parliamentary procedures to reach decisions
Sample Business Meeting Agenda • Call to Order • Pledges: American and 4-H • Roll Call (answer in a way decided by the group or Secretary) • Introduction of guests • Minutes of previous meeting • Treasurer’s Report • Committee Reports • Leader’s Report • Old (or Unfinished) Business (agenda items discussed at previous meetings) • New Business • Adjournment
Educational Portion of Meeting • Can include a variety of activities to help members learn • Options may include… • Service to community • Field trips or tours • Career exploration • 4-H Project Work • Demonstrations • Guest Speakers • Other…
Recreation Portion of Meeting • Recreation adds enthusiasm and enjoyment to the meetings. • Member-led activities are best. Recreation officers can be selected, or different members can volunteer to lead activities at meetings throughout the year. • Include a variety of activities over the course of the year so that everyone will have something that interests them.
Recreation Portion of Meeting • Options… • Opening or pre- meeting activity (ice-breaker, mixer) • Games • Charades • Relays/Sports • Group activities • Puzzle Challenges • Picnics • Hikes • Songs/Music • Refreshments
Conducting the 4-H Club Meeting • 4-H Club Officers and members should be given the responsibility of conducting the 4-H Club Meeting • Adult Volunteers should serve only in an advisory role • Parents should help the 4-H members prepare for their part of the meeting prior to the meeting
Evaluating the 4-H Club Meeting • Following the 4-H Club meeting, the officers and Adult Club Leader can meet to review the meeting. • Allow the members to discuss what went well and what could be improved for future meetings. • A checklist of meeting components can assist with this review. It may be used periodically to help track the progress of the meetings.
Using Parliamentary Procedure • Parliamentary Procedure provides… • Orderly way to conduct a meeting • Fair way to make group decisions • Method that respects everyone • Means for everyone to have a chance to speak • Way to learn common method to conduct business • Decide early on how formal the 4-H Club wants to follow parliamentary procedures – this may depend upon the age and experiences of the club members