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English 9

English 9. Week 1: 2/24-2/28. R&J, Elizabethan England: 2/24-2/28. Literary Devices in Romeo and Juliet 1. Tragedy. No need to write italicized info.

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English 9

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  1. English 9 Week 1: 2/24-2/28

  2. R&J, Elizabethan England: 2/24-2/28

  3. Literary Devices in Romeo and Juliet 1

  4. Tragedy No need to write italicized info • drama w/ serious theme (often a great person destined through character flaw or conflict w/ overpowering force, to downfall or destruction) • play ending in death(s) of main character(s).

  5. Comedy • Light, humorous play with happy/cheerful ending; theme is triumph over adversity. • A play ending in love and marriage.

  6. Tragic Hero • character who makes error of judgment/has fatal flaw that (combined with fate and external forces) brings on tragedy

  7. Character Foil • character who is presented as contrast to second character to point to/bring out aspect of second character.

  8. Dramatic irony • plot device in which audience’s or reader’s knowledge of events/individuals surpasses that of characters

  9. Prologue • an introductory speech (often in verse) calling attention to theme of play. • introductory scene, preceding first act of play • appetizer

  10. Chorus •  group of actors or single actor delivering poem or part of play, as in Greek and Elizabethan drama • part of a play performed by such group or individual

  11. Devices Day 2

  12. Monologue • prolonged talk by single speaker There may be other people on stage right now, but I’m still not going to shut up!

  13. Soliloquy • Speaking done by person who is talking to himself / herself or speaking as if no one is present I’m thinking out loud, very dramatically!!!

  14. Aside • a part of an actor's lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and meant only for the audience I know you know what I’m talking about. You know when I talk to the camera even when other people are around? Mmm hmmm.

  15. Pun • humorous use of word / phrase to suggest its different meanings; use of words alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.

  16. Alliteration • repeating same consonant sound at the beginning of several words in close succession. An example is the Mother Goose tongue-twister, "Peter Piper picked a peck ofpickledpeppers …".

  17. Oxymoron • figure of speech that combines normally contradictory terms

  18. Paradox • statement that leads to a contradiction or situation which defies intuition; an apparent contradiction  for example, Romeo is both Juliet’s only love and her only enemy

  19. Romeo & Juliet Vocabulary List 1. invocation: 2. consort: (noun) a petition for help or support (verb) to associate with

  20. 3. discourse: 4. doff: (noun) orderly spoken thoughts (verb) to remove an item of clothing from the body; throw off or get rid of

  21. 5. enmity: 6. prorogue: (noun) deep-seated hatred or will (verb) to postpone or delay in time

  22. 7. procure: 8. predominant: (verb) to provide or arrange for (adjective) outstanding, main, most common

  23. Vocab Day 2 9. perjury: 10. rancor: (noun) voluntarily lying under oath (noun) ill will or hatred.

  24. 11. lamentable: 12. bawdy: (adjective) expressing regret or grief (adjective) humorously obscene

  25. 13. bandy: 14. gossamer: (verb) to toss; pass back and forth (adjective) filmy, made of spider’s web

  26. Vocab Day 3 17. submission: 18. vile: (noun) something offered or turned in for consideration; OR (verb) surrender (adjective) degrading, disgusting, humiliating

  27. 19. braggart: 20. martial: (noun) a person who boasts and brags (adjective) related to war, combat without weapons

  28. 21. dexterity: 22. amorous: (noun) skill with hands, body, and mind (adjective) romantic, relating to love

  29. 23. garish: 24. banishment: (adjective) bright, glaring, tastelessly colorful (noun) expulsion from a region or state

  30. Romeo and JulietBackground Key • The Theater in Shakespeare’s Day • Paragraph 1: Plays were put on during the day in a public theater, where rich people sat and poor people stood. • Paragraph 2: The Globe was round, and held 3,000 people who would eat hazelnuts. • Paragraph 3: The stage was in the pit, had no scenery, and plays lasted 2 hours. • Paragraph 4: Only men were actors and boys played women’s roles. • Summary of main idea: In Shakespeare’s day, plays were performed in the Globe for many people, were long, and starred men. • Best Quote: “Thus, the plays produced in Shakespeare’s day were fast-paced, colorful productions” (799).

  31. The Globe Today • Summary of main idea: A replica was built that matches the original. • Best quote: “The Globe is made of wood….and…the ‘bear pit’…is open to the skies” (799).

  32. Article 2: “Meet William Shakespeare” • Starting in Stratford: • Summary of main idea: Because Shakespeare, born in Stratford, was fairly rich, he went to school and learned Greek and Latin. • Best quote: “Shakespeare…put…these lessons to use in his plays…” (802). • Building a Love of Theater: • Summary of main idea: Shakespeare married, had 3 kids, and moved to London. • Best quote: “…William probably attended many of these performances” (803).

  33. Stage Celebrity: • Summary of main idea: By 1594, Shakespeare had become a famous actor and writer. • Best quote: “In 1599 the company built the famous Globe theater” (803). • When Were They Written: • Summary of main idea: Shakespeare wrote comedies histories, then tragedies, and finally romances. • Best quote: “More than 1,000 copies of the first printing [of his plays] were sold” (803).

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