1 / 29


HAMILTON WATER JETS. Nature. Newton’s Third Law of Motion “Every action has an equal and opposite reaction”. . Water jet - Main parts. Cast aluminium pump u nit and intake transition duct Stainless steel impeller Astern deflector Steering nozzles. Water Jet Advantages .

Télécharger la présentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript


  2. Nature • Newton’s Third Law of Motion • “Every action has an equal and opposite reaction”.

  3. Water jet - Main parts • Cast aluminium pump unit and intake transition duct • Stainless steel impeller • Astern deflector • Steering nozzles

  4. Water Jet Advantages • Supreme manoeuvrability • Turn around axle without touching the wheel • Speed zero possible, without switching gears • While steering capability is kept • Simplicity • Better low speed manoeuvrability and better acceleration • Precise steering control.

  5. Water Jet Advantages • Safe for persons in water • No moving parts extending under boat

  6. The Waterjet Position of the bucket for: Ahead Neutral Astern

  7. Steering a Water Jet • By changing direction of water stream as it leaves the jet unit Waterflow

  8. Going Astern • By lowering an astern deflector into the jet stream • reversing the direction of the force generated

  9. Emergency “Crash” Stop • Warn crew to hold on • Move Astern Deflector to Reverse position while at speed (at full rev’s) • Notes: • Emergency stop should only be used in extreme situations. • Engine damage can occur because of lubricating oil moving to front of carter

  10. Zero Speed • By lowering the astern deflector partially in the jet stream so ahead and astern thrust is equal

  11. Waterjet Operation • A waterjet’s control functions can be used • in combination • separately • to create precise vessel control and manoeuvrability in all low and high speed situations

  12. Throttle • Increasing rpms results in • increased acceleration • increased maneuverability

  13. Comparison between jets and outboards • Waterjet seems to react slowly • Activate steering by giving quite a bit of rudder and turning back to central position straight afterward • Activate stopping by buckets full astern and back to neutral position straight after

  14. Backing up • Steers other way round, compared with outboard motors / cars etc. • No banana-ing • During turn no turning of wheel when changing from ahead to astern

  15. Steering

  16. Moving sideways(multiple jet installations only)

  17. Debris Problems • Blockages and Debris • Any debris caught in the Intake Screen, Impeller or Tailpipe stator vanes can affect the Jet Unit’s performance

  18. Detecting Debris • Vibrations • Noise in the jet (sometimes) • Increased rpms, but less power • Loses grip on the water • Less speed at high revolutions

  19. Unblocking a Jet Unit • Backflush the blocked Jet • if a reversible gearbox is used • Slow or stop engine driving the blocked Jet • Bucket up • Reverse on other engine (if fitted) to create backflow

  20. Unblock Jet Unit • Operate the manual Intake Screen Rake (if fitted) • Remove Inspection Cover on Intake • Clear manually

  21. Vessel not stopping • Boat goes ahead, unless buckets in reverse (double jet) • One of buckets is not moving, due to broken cable • Solution • Stop motor at side of broken bucket • Unclutch jet unit

  22. Cavitation Cavitation causes a loss of performance and results in serious damage to the waterjet components.

  23. Cavitation Cavitation can be caused by… • Hump Conditions • Overload • Weight too far aft • Bad weather or sea conditions • Blocked intake screen • Blunt or damaged impellers • Excessive impeller tip clearance • Poor installation

  24. Cavitation Cavitation can be prevented by… 1 Increasing the jet intake pressure – i.e.: Increase boat speed but do not increase power 2 Reduce rpm – less throttle – coarser impeller, i.e.. less rpm (steeper pitched blades) 3 Reduce flow plus fit a smaller nozzle

  25. Shallow Water Operation Avoid pumping stones, sand and debris through the Jet Unit as this will blunt and wear the Impeller. The following diagrams illustrate good and bad practice…

  26. Shallow Water Operation

  27. Shallow Water Operation • At high planing speeds, shallow water operation is not a problem until the vessel is nearly grounded. • At slow displacement speeds, avoid using high RPM in shallow water.

  28. Shallow Water Operation • “Idle” over a shallow area into deep water before accelerating. • If any debris has been picked up in the intake screen, momentarily stopping the engine should allow the debris to drop away from the screen. • Do not run the Jet if the vessel has run aground. Damage may occur to impellers.

More Related