E-Safety Training Spring 2009
E-safety • What is it? • Why is it important? • E–safety resources/guidance
What is e-safety? • Don’t panic! • As caring parents you are already equipped with most of the skills/knowledge needed to deal with e-safety issues • There is plenty of guidance out there to help & support you • Knowledge is key • If you know what is happening, you can know what to expect, you can do something about it and prevent incidents
What is e-safety? • E-safety is about ensuring children & young people use new technologies in a way which will keep them safe, without limiting their opportunities for creation and innovation • It is a child safety issue not an ICT issue
“I get so worried about what they might see that I feel happier if they just don’t use it.” “If my child has a problem and I don’t know how to help, then I’d rather not know !”
Activity In pairs discuss: • What do you think the benefits and key risks around children using the internet are?
Benefits of the internet • Educational games and programmes • Research information • The opportunity to communicate with people from all around the world • The opportunity to share resources and ideas with people that have the same interests • Shopping around the world without leaving your computer
Some of the technologies… Mobile phones Instant messaging BLOGS Social networking What next ??? E-mail Gaming sites Podcasting Music Download sites Chat Rooms Video broadcasting P2P file-sharing Text / SMS Wikis
Mobile phones Anytime Anywhere Text messages Camera phones Internet access e-mail MP3 player Chat and IM Downloads Mobile TV
Video sharing websites are where users can upload, view and share video clips Videos can be rated and the number of times viewed recorded Video recorded with mobile phones can be easily uploaded YouTube is one of the ten most popular websites Video broadcasting
Chat Rooms Instant messaging • Chat Rooms are websites or part of websites that provide an area for communities with common interests to chat in real time. Many Many • Instant Messaging IM is a way of communicating with another individual in real time across the internet using text-based not voice communication. One One 79% of children use IM 29% of parents don’t know what IM is Get I.T. safe NCH 2006 11 – 16 year olds
Social networking • Based on the idea of networking with friends and friends of friends • In March 2006 MySpace (Rupert Murdoch owned) overtook the BBC website in visitor numbers and now has 5.2 million UK users • In its first year Bebo attracted 21.4 million registered users worldwide • US banned social networking sites within all public institutions • Survey of 13-18 yrs: average number of ‘friends’ = 75; of IM buddies = 52, mobile contacts = 38 (2006 USA survey of 1487 8-18 yrs)
Social networking Many teenagers and younger children are signing up for social networking sites says telecoms regulator Ofcom in a report. In a research exercise covering 3,000 children it found that about a quarter of those aged between eight and 11 have a profile page on sites such as MySpace, Facebook and Bebo. This is despite the fact that these sites have a self-imposed minimum age limit of 13 or 14.
A test…. Can you work out these rules for safe surfing devised by pupils? Uv d ryt 2 feel safe ll d tym, includN wen UzN ICT or yr mob ph Kip yr pRsNL dtails pvt. Don’t shO pix ov yrslf. F? or kin w/o chekin 1st W an XXX Use: www.transl8it.com/ Text
Some more POS F2t Hak 9 99 ASL(P) = parent over shoulder = free to talk = hugs and kisses = parents are watching = parents no longer watching = age, sex, location, (picture). This is often the first text or question on a social networking site
How we use the technologies Adults Digital Immigrants Young people Digital natives • e-mail • Shopping • Banking & Saving • Utilities & Insurance • Booking holidays • Research • News • Music • Games • Chat • Instant Messaging (IM) • Blogs • Social Networking
It starts with Primary… • Primary pupils as likely as Secondary to access inappropriate material • Year 9 girls most susceptible to ‘grooming’ • Year 6, 10 and 11 most likely to plagiarise (boys more commonly than girls)
Challenges Young People Maturity • Like to post images and reveal personal information • Want lots of ‘friends’ • Talk about their peers – can be hostile • Use inappropriate nicknames, often sexual • Express insecurities and fantasies • Trick others to make silly, embarrassing, dangerous acts with video or webcam • Push boundaries - just as we pushed the boundaries as children
Risks of using the internet • Paedophiles use the internet to meet young people • People lying to others online • Bullying using the internet (Cyberbulling) • Seeing inappropriate images and material • Viruses and pop ups
What are the dangers for us all? Ofcom (Media Literacy Audit of Children, 2006, UK) 16% 8-15 yr olds have come across something ‘nasty, worrying or frightening’ 67% 12-15s trust most of what they find online
Why is education soimportant in this area? • • 55% access the internet everyday • • 47% for an hour or more • • 21% liked IM/Chat rooms the most • • 15% used gaming sites • • 11% used Social Networking sites • • 33% had access in their bedrooms CEOP Questionnaire Analysis 2007
Supervised Monitored Filtered Curriculum School Outside of school ?
What are the dangers for our children? Biggest danger is the not knowing – 26% of parents don’t know how to check website history 65% of young people can clear internet history 1% of parents thought their child blogged 33% of children used blogs 67% of parents didn’t know what a blog was 33% of children have met a ‘friend’ online 8% have had a face-to-face meeting with an online friend 89% told someone they were doing so UK Children Go Online, 2005, 9-19 year olds - 40% boys/ 57% girls asked to undress on webcam; 1 in 3 boys/ 1 in 10 girls did Remco Pijpers Foundation (2006, N=10,900 teens<18 yrs, Holland) Usage and experiences are not reported to parents/teachers as they fear the withdrawal of access
eSafety – Summing up the risks Content - sexual, racist, violent unreliable/ bigoted i.e. safety of children’s minds Commerce - scams, phishing and pharming, downloads which steal information from users ! Contact - via interactive technologies – IM, chat, multiplayer games Culture – bullying, camera phones, blogging, social networking ….. One third of young people who go online at least once a week report having received unwanted sexual (31%) or nasty comments (33%) via email, chat, instant message or text message. Only 7% of parents think their child has received such comments. UK Children Go Online, 2005, 9-19 year olds
Things to watch out for • Here are some common signs that a child may be having issues with the internet/new technologies e.g. cyberbullying, on line gaming, being groomed: • • Excessive use of the computer • • Aggressive behaviour regarding internet usage • • Secretive behaviour • • Change in use of sexual language
What you should do • Help children to understand that they should never give out personal details to online friends - personal information includes: • – their messenger id • – email address • – mobile number/any pictures of themselves, • - If a child receives spam / junk email & texts, remind them never to believe them, reply to them or use them.
Help your child to understand that some people lie onlineand that therefore it's better to keep online mates online. They should never meet up with any strangers without an adult they trust. Always keep communication openfor a child to know that it's never too late to tell someone if something makes them feel uncomfortable. Teach young people how to block someone online and report themif they feel uncomfortable. There are people who can help. Report online child abuse, or for more advice and support. Safety Ideas
Safety Ideas Know what your children are doing online and who they are talking to.Ask them to teach you to use any applications you have never used. Help your children to understand that they should never give out personal details to online friends—personal information includes their messenger id, email address, mobile number and any pictures of themselves, their family or friends—if your child publishes a picture or video online—anyone can change it or share it. If your child receives spam / junk email & texts, remind them never to believe them, reply to them or use them. It's not a good idea for your child to open files that are from people they don't know. They won't know what they contain—it could be a virus, or worse - an inappropriate image or film.
CEOP works across the UK and maximises international links to tackle child sex abuse wherever and whenever it happens. provides internet safety advice for parents and carers provides information on internet safety and safe surfing for young people aged 11 to 16 years report facility enabling anyone to report any inappropriate or potentially illegal activity with or towards a child online
‘Report Abuse’ in action Microsoft have made a real commitment Approx £30,000 per month revenue lost from advertising in this space Some schools and other organisations use this as a link from their websites
What we have done so far to promote e-safety with the students • Dedicated ICT lessons • Whole school assemblies to raise awareness of e-safety issues • KS3 assemblies on cyberbullying • Securus software– is a system we have in school to monitor internet usage – it looks for key words and images
eSafety - resources http://www.staffsscb.org.uk/ http://www.childnet-int.org/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/ http://www.iwf.org.uk/ http://www.getnetwise.org/ Child Exploitation & Online Protection Centre - internet safety - CEOP