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Political Ideology, Political Parties, interest groups, and elections PowerPoint Presentation
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Political Ideology, Political Parties, interest groups, and elections

Political Ideology, Political Parties, interest groups, and elections

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Political Ideology, Political Parties, interest groups, and elections

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  1. Politics Political Ideology, Political Parties, interest groups, and elections

  2. Make a list of people, groups, organizations, etc. that influence a person’s political ideology or understanding of politics. Circle the most important three (in your opinion) and rank them. Put a start by the most important.

  3. Political Socialization- process by which parents and others teach children about values, beliefs and attitudes of political culture Political socialization

  4.  Add to your list: • 1. Family • 2. Religious Institutions • 3. Community – rural v. urban, North v. South, etc. • 4. Race and Ethnicity • 5. Social Class • 6. Level of Education • 7. Media • 8.Teachers • 9. Peer Group • 10. National Identity • 11. Gender Political socialization factors

  5. What is political socialization? Based on the survey data from yesterday, which factor of socialization do you think was most prevalent in our class? Why? Journal #39

  6. Make some predictions about how: Region Ethnicity Age Gender Education Religion Marital status Socioeconomic status Factors that influence ideology and party affiliation

  7. Region

  8. More likely to vote… Republican: whites Democrat: minorities Why? Ethnicity Exit poll:

  9. Young people have lower voter turnout in general Many are less likely to identify with a party Age 2008 Election Exit Poll:

  10. In the 2008 presidential election… • Men • 50% Obama, 50% McCain • Women • 57% Obama, 43% McCain • “Gender Gap”—why? Gender

  11. Who is more likely to vote… • Republican: Christians (especially Protestants) • 53% of Protestant voters chose McCain • Democrat: Catholics (becoming less so), Jews, nonreligious • Voting for Obama: • 53% of Catholic voters • 78% of Jewish voters Religion

  12. Those in higher education (academia) tend to support Democrats • Those with less education are less likely to vote in general Education

  13. Marital Status

  14. Voters in lower-income brackets tend to support the Democratic party more Socioeconomic Status

  15. Revisiting the political ideology spectrum

  16. Do you think political ideology lines up neatly with political parties? Why or why not? Do you consider yourself a member of a particular party? Journal #40

  17. One-party: One party holds power • Examples: • North Korea • China • Historic: Nazi Germany • Multiparty: Multiple parties can get elected • Examples: United Kingdom, Canada, India • UK: Conservative, Labour, Liberal Democrats Party Systems

  18. Two-party system: Two parties are dominant, and chances of electoral success for other parties are slim Democrats and Republicans American minor parties: Green Party, Libertarian Party Emerging movement: Tea Party U.S. Two Party System

  19. Federalists • Democratic-Republicans • Whigs • Know-Nothings • Free Soil Historical Parties

  20. Republicans and Democrats

  21. Current Senate, by party

  22. Current House of Representatives


  24. Democrats: Republicans: Green Party: Libertarians: Tea Partiers: Political party campaign committees

  25. What is the purpose of a political party? Why do most political parties form? Why do third parties form? What influence do they have on politics? Journal #41

  26. Committees at the national, state, and local levels • Campaign committees: Help party/candidate get elected • Develop a campaign strategy • Philosophy • Candidate’s personality and qualifications • Importance of electing them How political parties are run

  27. Campaign manager Media advisor Political advisor Pollster Treasurer Committee roles

  28. How are you going to run your campaign? What kind of advertisements/strategies are you going to use to win? What political ads have you seen on TV or in the newspapers during this campaign season? What strategies/techniques have those ads used? Journal #42

  29. Testimonial Mudslinging (“attack” ads) Transfer (symbols) Card Stacking (statistics) Plain Folks Glittering Generalities Bandwagon Contrast Ad Election promises? Types of campaign advertising

  30. List the techniques present in each ad. Evaluate how effective/successful each ad is. Historical: 1964 Current: Romney, Herman Cain Some examples

  31. Examples of campaign materials

  32. What makes a good speech? What makes a good performance in a debate? Journal #43

  33. Clear message Persuasive language Effective tone Audience engagement Tips for speeches

  34. 1. Introduce your candidate (present resume) 2. Introduce your advertising (present campaign materials) 3. Introduce your issue (give speech) 4. Sum up why your candidate/party should win this Mock Election! Introducing your campaign

  35. 3 sections: Economy, foreign policy, social issues I will choose five questions generated by the class Each committee member will have to answer one question Each party will get 2 min. to answer and 1 min. rebuttal Audience (class) will grade the groups Debate guidelines

  36. Party platform: • A statement of principles and objectives a political party and a candidate supports in order to win the general election. • Plank: • Individual topics in a party’s platform Prepping for the debate

  37. What makes a candidate popular? Is it their debate performance or do other things have a bigger impact? Explain. On what criteria should a candidate be selected? In other words, in an ideal world, what characteristics or personal traits held by a candidate should determine their popularity? Journal #44

  38. Make a chart to summarize the positions/arguments/performance of each candidate: • Mitt Romney • Ron Paul • Newt Gingrich • Rick Santorum • Who was the most effective debater and why? debate questions

  39. Sample debate

  40. Respectful—attack issues, not people! • Be prepared for the rebuttal • Bring your notes • Remain calm and composed • Know your stuff—don’t just read off your notes Tips for debates

  41. Republicans: Jerry Johnson Democrats: Harvey Clark Green: Jacob Green Tea Party: Gideon Cobb Libertarian: Tony Stark

  42. 0-11 months: Announcement of candidacy, building organization, obtaining support 11-14 months: Early primaries (Feb-March) 15-18 months: Late primaries 20-24 months: Nominating convention, national campaign Election Day: Tues. after the first Monday in November The road to the White House

  43. Primary campaign: Candidates in the same party compete for their party’s nomination General election: Candidates compete against candidates from other political parties to win the White House Presidential Elections

  44. Caucuses: Small meetings to determine which candidate to endorse • Most important: Iowa • Primaries: States vote and the candidate with the most votes wins delegates at their party’s nominating convention • Most important: New Hampshire • Can be closed or open Primary Campaign

  45. What are the pros and cons of: • Primaries • Caucuses • Closed or open primaries • Closed: Only party members can vote • Open: Everyone can vote Journal #45

  46. Brainstorm reasons why Iowa and New Hampshire appear to draw a disproportionate amount of attention from candidates and the media. Is that a good thing or a bad thing? Both? Neither? “front loading”

  47. Assembly held by political parties every four years, often in large cities • Attended by voting representatives called delegates • Vote based on the primary and caucus results • Systems: • Democrats: Proportional • Republicans: “Winner takes all” Nominating convention

  48. Choose running mates based on “balancing the ticket” • Politically • Geographically • Culturally- a candidate will try to pick someone from another social or cultural group. Choosing a veep (vice president)