What is 2009 H1N1 (Swine Flu)? • New Virus causing illness in people. • Virus was detected ______________________________________________________________ • This virus spreads from person-to-person world-wide (similar to seasonal influenza. • _____________________WHO (World Health Organization announced that a pandemic of 2009 H1N1 was underway.
Why is this Virus sometimes called the Swine Flu? • Laboratory testing showed that many of genes in this virus were similar to influenza found in pigs (swine) in North America. • This virus has two genes from _________________________________________________________________________________ • Scientist refer to this as a “quadruple reassortant” virus.
Is the 2009 H1N1 Flu Contagious? • CDC has verified that this H1N1 virus is contagious ____________________________. • CDC routinely works with states to _______________________________________________________________________________. • This information is presented in a weekly report, called FluView (flu/weekly) • Most people have become ill with this virus and have recovered without any medical treatment.
How does this virus spread? • Similar ways that the seasonal flu spreads • Flu Viruses spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing by people with influenza • People become infected by ______________________________________________________________________.
What are the signs and symptoms of this virus in people? • __________ • Cough • _____________ • Runny or stuffy nose • Body aches • ____________ • Chills • ___________
How severe is illness associated with 2009 H1N1 flu virus? • This illness has ranged from ________________________ • Significant amount of people reported __________ and ____________ • ___________________________________.
High Risk Individuals? 1. 2. 3. 4.
____________________________________ with the 2009 H1N1 virus have had one or more medical conditions previously. • This includes: _______________________________________________________________________.
How does 2009 H1N1 Flu compare to seasonal flu in terms of infection rates? • Few deaths were reported in older people over the age of _________. • Pregnancy, and other high risk medical conditions such as _____________, ____________, _________________________, _______________, _____________________, neurological and neuromuscular disorders are associated with complications of H1N1 flu as of the Seasonal Flu. • An infected person can spread the virus from __________ before getting sick to _____________ after. Can be longer in some individuals that have medical conditions.
How does 2009 H1N1 Flu compare to seasonal flu in terms of infection rates? • Seasonal flu-Us. average ____________ die each year from flu complications • _______________________ people are hospitalized from flu related causes • ______________ of those hospitalized are children under age of ______________. • ____ % of deaths and _______% of hospitalizations are in people over _____ years of age. • H1N1 Flu is a greater recognized in people under the age of ______ years of age than older people.
Prevention against the H1N1 Flu Virus(Everyday Steps) • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you sneeze or cough. Throw tissue in trash can after you use it. • ________________________________________________________________________________________. • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. Germs spread this way. • ____________________________________________. • _____________________________________________________________________________________. • Keep away from people as much as possible. • CDC recommends you wash your hands with warm water and soap for 15 to 20 seconds. • _________________________________________________________________.
In children, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: • Fast breathing or trouble breathing • _________________________ • Not drinking enough fluids • ____________________________________________________ • Not waking up or not interacting • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held • ________________________________________________________________________________
In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: • _____________________________________________ • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen • _____________________ • ____________________ • Severe or persistent vomiting • ___________________________________________________________
Medications for H1n1 Infection? • _______________ or _________________ for treatment or prevention of the 2009 H1N1 flu virus • ________________________ are prescription (pills, liquid, or inhaled powder forms) that fight against infection in body and keep them from reproducing within body. • These _____________________ are being used for high risk individuals who are hospitalized or a high risk individual
What are “swine flu parties”? • “Swine flu parties” are gatherings during which people have close contact with a person who has 2009 H1N1 flu in order to become infected with the virus.
Intent of a “swine flu Party”? • ___________________________________________________________________. • These parties are aimed at individuals becoming infected with the 2009 H1N1 flu so he or she may have a mild case of the flu. Their intent is to have a natural immunity to the 2009 H1N1 flu virus where in the future may become severe.
Contamination and Cleaning • Studies have shown that influenza viruses can survive on environmental surfaces and __________________________________________________________________________. • Influenza virus is destroyed by ________. In addition several chemical germicides including chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, detergents (soap), iodophors (iodine-based antiseptics) and alcohols are effective against the human influenza viruses. • ____________________________________________________________________________________.
CDC states that no 2009 H1N1 viruses are not spread by food. ________________________________________________________________________________________. • To this date, there have been no documented human cases of influenza caused by exposure to influenza-contaminated drinking water. • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. • Recreational water venues are like any other group setting, this flu virus can be passed from person to person through coughing, sneezing or any other body fluids exchange. • Reference: www.cdc.gov • Reference: www.flu.gov