Buddhist Morality • Key teachings • Dharma • Karma • Precepts • Vinaya • Virtues • Mahayana ‘Perfections’ • Skilful Means
1) Foundational (e.g.mindfulness) 2) Self-Regarding Humility Self-mastery Equanimity 3) Other-Regarding Solicitude Non-violence responsibleness Content of the three categories
Avalokiteśvara The embodiment of compassion, with 1000 arms and multiple heads and faces
Manjusri The embodiment of wisdom with sword and scripture
The ‘Buddhist View’? • Authority in canonical sources • Support in non-canonical or commentarial literature • the absence of contradictory evidence or counterexamples in these two groups of sources • evidence that the view is pan-Buddhist • confirmation that the view has a broad cultural base • has been held consistently over time
Karma and Rebirth • Does it make sense to believe in reincarnation? If "no," are people like the Buddha deluded when they claim to remember past lives? If "yes," what evidence is there for it?
What is the source of morality for Buddhists? • Can Buddhist moral teachings have any force if Buddhism does not believe in a divine lawgiver? Are there any universal moral values or is morality determined primarily by local culture?
Buddhism and Plato • Are acts bad because they are punished by karma? • Or are they punished by karma because they are bad?