Using FDI to strengthen competitivenss: the case of China James X. ZHAN Chief, International Arrangements DITE/UNCTAD Tel: ++41 22 9075797/ Fax: ++41 22 9070498 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org January 2004
Contents of the presentation • China’s export competitiveness – a dynamic perspective • FDI and China’s competitiveness • Policies in attracting and benefiting from FDI • Concluding remarks and words of caution
Significance of FDI in China's Economy: Indicators, as of 2002 • ·FDI stock $448 billion • ·220,000 foreign affiliates in operation • ·400 out of 500 largest TNCs have invested in China, • with 30 established regional headquarters, over 400 R&D centres • ·Share of FDI stock in GDP, 36% • ·Share of FDI inflows in GFCF 10% • ·Share of total industrial value-added 26% • ·Share of total exports 52% • ·Share of total tax contribution 21% • ·Share of total employment 11% (23.5 million)
World export market shares in 2000; and changes during 1985-2000 Source: UNCTAD, based on the United Nations' Comtrade database.
Winner countries in the high-tech manufactures trade, 1985-2000 Source: UNCTAD.
Winner countries in the medium-tech manufactures trade, 1985-2000 Source: UNCTAD.
China: share of foreign affiliates in total exports, 1986-2001 Source: UNCTAD, based on data provided by MOFTEC.
China: exports of high-technology products and shares of foreign affiliates, 1996-2000 $ Billion Per cent Source: UNCTAD, based on Ministry of Science and Technology, China.