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MUL 2720 - Terminology Quiz

MUL 2720 - Terminology Quiz

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MUL 2720 - Terminology Quiz

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  1. MUL 2720 - Terminology Quiz • 7 February ‘19 (next class meeting) • Basic materials of music (pre-textbook) • Review Sheets on course web siteOpen-ended questions (no matching or T/F) • 10% of Course Grade • Pencil (NO PEN) • Know your PID • Bring PICTURE ID

  2. Immediate Schedule • 5 Feb 19 (Tues [today]) – India • 7 Feb 19 (Thurs) – India (c. 30 minutes)QUIZ (begins 9:30 am, ends 10:15 am)terminology & chapter 1

  3. Titon – Chapter 6 Asia / India(cont’d)

  4. India • General History? (how old, etc.?) • Geography? • People? • Economy? (standard of living) • Anything else? • Check CIA “World Factbook” for details (nothing on test)

  5. India(CIAFactbook)

  6. Chennai, India • “Madras” under British rule (1760s to 1947) • Capital - (state of) Tamil Nadu (southern India)- Tamil Language (also in Sri Lanka & Singapore) • “Megacity” (10,000,000+) 36th largest in world- 4th in India after: (New) Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata • Ranks high in tourism surveys (cities to visit) • “The Detroit of India” – strong economy- 1/3 of India’s automobile industry- Tamil film industry- Information technology and Business outsourcing

  7. Madras (Cloth / Plaid)

  8. Sri Kapaleeswarar gopuram (7th C)

  9. Sri Parthasarathy Temple (8th C)

  10. Kathipara Junction (2008)

  11. Chennai Skyline

  12. Parry’s Corner (Art Deco)

  13. Chennai Central Station

  14. Chennai Central Station (Interior)

  15. Manali (Chennai’s industrial area)

  16. Chennai Housing

  17. Chennai Luxury Housing

  18. Slums

  19. History, Religion & Culture • Harrapan (NW India & Pakistan)- c. 2500-1700 BCE (Indus River Valley) • Aryan (from North – Central Asia)- c. 1700-500 BCE (nomadic, herders) • Push South- non-literate (oral tradition threatened by native dialects) • Develop Rig-Veda (in praise of God)- Necessary to intone precisely (transcendent experience)- Development of performer-priests (Brahmin)- Tyagaraja - "Mokshamu" (song begins 2:50)- Exs. Ancient Vedic Chants and Ancient Vedic Chants

  20. Classical History(500 BCE- c. 1400 CE) • Development of Indian High Culture • Sanskrit – language of educated • Buddhism (5th Century BCE) • Hinduism – Religion / Way of Life • Natya Shastra (200 BCE )- treatise on performance, theory, profession of music • Sangeeta Ratnakara (12th C) – theory text • Era of Arts, Poetry, etc., e.g., Ramayana

  21. The Mughals (1527-c. 1867) • Muslim invaders (from NW) push into India- Babur establishes Mughal Dynasty (1527)- centered in Dheli and Agra (northern India) • Akbar the Great, Shah Jahan, etc. • Strong patrons of the arts • Muslim influences • Mixes w/ indigenous (Indian) traits • divides India into two musical styles • Followed by British Colonial Period & Independence [read on your own]

  22. Taj Mahal (1632-53) Built in Agra by Shah Jahan for burial of favorite wife

  23. Four (Islamic) Minarets – symmetrical designs

  24. Taj Mahal Interior

  25. Taj Mahal tombs

  26. India & SW Asia Aryans Muslim Hindustani Carnatic/Karnatak

  27. Music in the North • Hindustani – Northern tradition • But influenced by Islamic values • Music as sensual pleasure (dangerous) • Low status of musicians • Guilds & professionalization • oral transmission (secrecy) • Master (Ustad) • Tansen – court musician of North

  28. Mian Tansen (c. 1506-1586/89)Story of Tansen

  29. Tomb of Tansen

  30. Music in the South Karnataka/Carnatic – Southern tradition Traditional Hindu values Association w/ Rig-Veda (leads to….)- high status of musicians- vocal music most highly valued No secrecy = written composition Master (Guru) Tayagaraja (amateur)

  31. KakarlaTyagaraja (1767-1847)