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Early Adulthood

Early Adulthood

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Early Adulthood

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  1. Early Adulthood

  2. Cognitive Development • Piaget’s Formal Operation stage • Postformal thought • Perry’s theory-dualistic thinking-dividing information • Relativistic thinking-not absolute truth but multiple truths

  3. Schaie’s theory • Acquisitive stage (childhood and adolescence)-knowledge acquisition • Achieving stage-(early adulthood) • People must adapt their cognitive skills to situations that profound effect on long-term goals • Focus on applying knowledge to everyday life

  4. Physical Changes • Change in lifestyle • Stress • Hypertension • Heart disease • Substance abuse • Smoking • Alcohol • obesity • Focus on exercise and diet for healthy lifestyle

  5. Immune system • T cells-form in the born marrow and mature in the thymus and attack antigens • The immune system increases during adolescence and decreases after 20 years of age

  6. Reproduction • Increase of first births in women in 30s • Age affects male reproductive capacity especially after 40

  7. Selecting a vocation • Fantasy period • Tentative period • Realistic period • Gender stereotypes-table 13.2

  8. Emotional Development • Table 14.1 • Intimacy vs. isolation • Careers • Intimacy • Age 30 transition • Social clock • Mate selection

  9. More Emotional Development • Friendships • Leaving home • Starting families • Parenthood • Divorce • Childlessness • Establishing a career