Legal Assistance for Human Trafficking Victims Kirsten Kreymann, Esq. Pro Bono Director
Mission Statement The Public Law Center, Orange County’s pro bono law firm, is committed to providing access to justice for low-income residents. Through volunteers and staff, the Public Law Center provides free civil legal services, including counseling, individual representation, community education, and strategic litigation and advocacy to challenge societal injustices.
PLC Facts • PLC in 30th year • Pro Bono Model - In 2010, nearly 1200 volunteers and 25 staff provided services to over 18,600 people • Free civil legal services • No criminal cases • Represent victims with LEAs • Heavy interaction with victim advocates
Types of Trafficking • International – Foreign national victims • Domestic – Occurring w/in U.S. • Adult – 18 years or older • Minor - 17 years or younger • Labor • Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Not Required for Minors Opening Prayer Pastor Mike Kenyon Rock Harbor Church 6
Three Elements of Trafficking 1 2 3 PROCESS MEANS* END Recruiting OR Harboring OR Moving OR Obtaining a person, by Force OR Fraud OR Coercion For the purposes of Involuntary Servitude OR Debt Bondage OR Slavery OR Sex Trade *No means required when under 18 victim. © Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking (CAST), 2006. All Rights Reserved.
Victims Are Trafficked For • Labor • Servile marriage • Domestic help • Working in drop houses • Agricultural • Restaurant • Many more • Sexual Exploitation
Smuggling Crime against nation Must cross int’l border Person free to leave after border passage A person consents to being smuggled No labor or sexual exploitation required Trafficking Crime against a person No movement required Person NOT free to leave after border passage A person is trafficked through force, fraud, coercion Involves labor or sexual exploitation Smuggling vs. Trafficking
An Under-Identified Crime Some rough estimates of the scope of the problem: • In the U.S. 14,500-17,500 men, women and children trafficked annually • 2 million people trafficked worldwide annually • 27 million people in slavery around the world • 9 billion dollar business • PLC has provided services to approx 90 victims in 6 years • 1600+ certified victims through 2010 Portions of slide courtesy of Coalition Against Slavery and Trafficking (CAST)
Why Provide Civil Legal Assistance? • Victims able to become survivors quicker • Help prevent re-victimization of client • Stable victims make better witnesses • Strengthen community policing • Incentive for victim cooperation • Means of victim identification • Victim gains trust in the legal system
Legal Needs of Trafficking Victims • Representation with Law Enforcement • Immigration Relief • Marriage Dissolution • Custody of Children • Restitution
Immigration Legal Needs • Special Benefit Parole • Continued Presence • T visa • U visa • VAWA • SIJS
Orange County Human Trafficking Task Force • Founded in 2004 • Purpose • Identify Victims – Community Education • Protect Victims – Collaborative Model • Prosecute Offenders • Members • Core Members – Westminster and Anaheim PD, CSP, Salvation Army, PLC, FBI, ICE, US Attorney, DA • General Members – Include college students, faith based organizations, professional organizations, medical providers, shelters.
Referrals Call the National Hotline First 1.888.3737.888 CSP, Director of Human Trafficking Program 714.548.3856
Contact Information Kirsten Kreymann, Esq. Pro Bono Director Public Law Center 714.541.1010, extension 283 firstname.lastname@example.org