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Drugs: Stealing Our Community’s Future PowerPoint Presentation
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Drugs: Stealing Our Community’s Future

Drugs: Stealing Our Community’s Future

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Drugs: Stealing Our Community’s Future

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  1. Drugs: Stealing Our Community’s Future

  2. Jeff Wallace Lieutenant, Investigations Unit Redding Police Department

  3. Methamphetamine

  4. Methamphetamine • Meth, Crank, Crystal or Ice • Powerful central nervous system stimulant • Elevated heart rate, extreme paranoia, weight loss • Meth induced psychosis • Violence due to paranoia

  5. Marijuana

  6. Marijuana • Proposition 215 Medical Marijuana • 17 Collectives/Co-ops in the City of Redding • Total members exceed 40,000 • Redding = Sanctuary City • Gateway drug • THC levels • 1960s THC levels range from 1-4% • Current levels average 10-15% with some strains rising above 30% THC

  7. Marijuana • DUI marijuana vs. DUI alcohol • Marijuana robberies occur due to the large amounts of money involved • $2,500 to $4,500 a pound • Mexican Cartel marijuana grows in Shasta County lead the nation • Up to 500,000 plants a year eradicated locally

  8. Prescription Drug Abuse

  9. Prescription Drug Abuse • Prescription drug abuse is rampant nationwide • Misconception:“Prescription drugs are not dangerous because they are prescribed by a doctor.” • Narcotic pain medication addiction is same as heroin addiction

  10. Prescription Drug Abuse • Possession and/or sale of prescription drugs vs. illegal drugs • Shasta County has 2.5 times the OD’s vs. the State average • Time Release Tablets, Fentanyl Patches (smoking, injecting) • Robberies, shootings, theft and burglaries are commonly associated with prescription drug abuse

  11. Get Involved!!! • Talk to your children! • Educate them on the hazards of drug use. • Explain how prescription medication can be FATAL.

  12. ElsbethPrigmore Principal Pioneer Continuation and Plus High Schools

  13. 12 Risk Factors – Modeled from Medical World 1. Family History of Alcoholism 2. Family History of Criminality or Antisocial Behavior 3. Family Management Problems 4. Early Antisocial Behavior and Hyperactivity 5. Parental Drug Use and Positive Attitudes Towards Use 6. Academic Failure in Mid to Late Elementary School (Hawkins, Lisher, Catalano)

  14. Risk Factors (Continued) (Hawkins, Lisher, Catalano) 7. Little Commitment to School 8. Alienation, Rebelliousness and Lack of Social Bonding 9. Antisocial Behavior in Early Adolescence 10. Friends Who Use Drugs *** 11. Favorable Attitudes Towards Drug Use 12. Early First Use of Drugs ***

  15. Continuum of Use/Abuse Level of Use and Early Onset often influenced by family and friends that one seeks out Social Networks and this influences Educational Goals to become Secondary and often leads to Juvenile Justice System with Compromised Development in the Brain, particularly during Adolescence.

  16. What We See Hinders Learning • Level of suspensions and confiscations of marijuana and prescription drugs has escalated in Shasta County schools. • Something “prescribed” legitimizes its use and softens acceptance of use. • Exposure can be as dangerous as it is to infants because of assault on brain. • Brain cannot engage in learning while under the influence.

  17. This is a SPECT scan. A SPECT scan is a 3-dimensional mapping of blood flow and brain activity. This is a SPECT scan of a normal healthy brain. Notice there are slight dimples, but surface is smooth; there are no holes in brain’s blood flow and activity. This brain shows good, full, symmetrical activity throughout the brain’s surface. www.amenclinics.com

  18. 18 year -old; 3 year history; 4 times per week. Marijuana- Plant status implying a “natural” state.- 400 known chemicals including THC.- THC binds to receptors and prevents brain’s recycling of dopamine.-Unknown when THC releases from receptor and body stops producing dopamine.-Oppositional behavior, negative thinking, paranoia, low motivation, social anxiety, lower skills and poor judgment 16 - year old; 2 year history; daily use.

  19. Dr. Jay Giedd:“…unlike infants whose brain activity is completely determined by their parents and environment, the teens may actually be able to control how their own brains are wired and sculpted.” - Adolescents are laying down neural foundations for the rest of their lives. • As parents and teachers, we have an obligation to educate adolescents about what is going on in their brains. • Their decisions determine the structure and functioning for their brains for the rest of their lives.

  20. Pamela K. Ikuta, D.O. Emergency Physician Mercy Medical Center, Redding

  21. So many options,so little time . . • Opioids (Vicodin, Oxycontin, Heroin) • Sedatives (Valium, Xanax, Ativan) • Stimulants (Ritalin, Concerta, meth, nicotine) • Erectile Dysfunction (Viagra, Cialis, Levitra) • Anabolic Steroids • Inhalants (Cooking spray, paint, glue, nitrous) • Hallucinogens (Ecstasy, PCP, LSD) • Designer Drugs (Bath salts)

  22. The good, the bad, and the ugly • Opioid pain relievers • Medical: Control or relief of acute pain • Recreational: •  “Rush,” elation, relaxation, sedation •  Inability to concentrate, respiratory depression, death; also effects on fetuses or breastfed infants (prematurity, withdrawal) • Stimulants • Medical: Control of narcolepsy or ADHD • Recreational: • Increase energy, alertness, exhilaration •  Paranoia, aggression, heart arrhythmias, elevated blood pressure, seizures

  23. The good, the bad, and the ugly • Sedative Hypnotics • Medical: Control of episodic anxiety, seizures • Recreational: •  Calming effect •  Respiratory depression, impairment of judgment, memory loss; increased risky behaviors • Marijuana • Medical: Nausea control or appetite stimulation in cancer patients • Recreational: •  Euphoria, mellow, magic thinking •  5-fold increase in risk of heart attack; 50-70% more carcinogens than tobacco smoke

  24. Physiology of Addiction • Addiction can develop despite a person’s best intentions and strength of character • Brain organization and structure • Forebrain: Abstract thought, planning, memories, cravings • Midbrain: Motivation and reinforcement of pleasurable and life-sustaining activities • Hindbrain: Basal metabolic functions such as breathing and consciousness

  25. Physiology of Addiction • Communication within the brain • Neurons communicate at synapses through chemical messengers (e.g. dopamine, serotonin) • Psychoactive substances mimic effects of naturally occurring neurotransmitters, thereby blocking or altering their storage, release, and removal • Downregulation of the brain requires addict to take more of drug to feel normal—this leads to drug tolerance

  26. This is your brain on drugs

  27. Your foot bone’s connectedto your ankle bone . . . • Researchers and clinicians now recognize amazing degrees of interconnectivity within our body’s systems: • Central nervous system • Endocrine system • Cardiovascular system • Gastrointestinal system • Dermatologic system

  28. Drugs Gone Wild • Drug-related Emergency Department visits nationwide have increased 81% over five-year period, from 2.5 million to 4.6 million! • ADR’s, nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals, refills • ED visits usually represent the extremes of longstanding or unlucky first time use • MVA or other trauma • Overdose • STD, pregnancy,

  29. Elementary, my dear Watson . . . • Narcotics: Pinpoint pupils, slurred speech, sedation, itching, constipation • THC: Dry mouth, bloodshot eyes, paranoia, lack of motor coordination, gynecomastia • Stimulants: Clenched teeth, muscle cramps, dilated pupils, hallucinations, insomnia • Inhalants: Oral sores, dazed/glassy-eyed, paint stains, chemical smell

  30. Prevention of Substance Abuse • Provide healthy alternative activities to avoid or replace harmful behavior • Forewarned is forearmed—drug use decreases when drugs are perceived as harmful • Emphasize: YOU ARE BETTER THAN THAT!

  31. Cindy Diezsi Program Manager Shasta County Chemical People, Inc.

  32. Actions promoting Normalization • Prop 215 – “Compassionate Use” Act of 1996 • Senate Bill 420 – Signed by Gray Davis, 2003 • President Obama’s directive – March 2009 • Ogden Memorandum – October 2009

  33. Prescription Medications • We have “a pill for that.” • Medicine cabinet “shopping.” • Pharm Parties

  34. Your Response • Properly dispose of unused prescriptions. • Educate yourself. • Join and support positive choice/healthy lifestyle organizations.

  35. Your Response • Become an activist. • Encourage your children to practice good decision-making. • Be a good example.

  36. For More Information/Resources Shasta County Chemical People, Inc. www.chemicalpeople.org (530) 241-5958

  37. The Honorable Cara Beatty Judge Superior Court of California Shasta County

  38. HUMBOLDT COUNTY MARIJUANA GROWING CAPITOL OF THE WORLD ECONOMY: TOYOTA PICK-UPS ROUND-THE- WORLD CRUISES CAMP = campaign against marijuana planting DEAD HEADS

  39. MOVING TO METH • MNVP = major narcotics vendors program THE BIG GUYS! • COOKS and the DUMPING • COPS and NO PROTECTIVE CLOTHING • PICKLED BODIES • Methamphetamine induced psychosis • Once a Doper, always a Doper: People don’t change

  40. METH

  41. METH

  42. METH

  43. METH

  44. MOVING TO METH • MNVP= major narcotics vendors program THE BIG GUYS! • COOKS and the DUMPING • COPS and NO PROTECTIVE CLOTHING • PICKLED BODIES • Methamphetamine induced psychosis • Once a Doper, always a Doper: People don’t change

  45. FAMILY LAW • GEE! • WHAT YOU CAN SEE IN COURT: Parents Grandparents Guardians KIDS THEMSELVES 300 Proceedings KIDS TURN

  46. JUVENILE COURT • Like Father/Mother: cycles we see • DEAD HEADS • BEING COOL • WHAT CAN WE DO? PEER COURT MENTOR VOLUNTEER CHURCHES JOIN RESOURCES TOGETHER

  47. ADDICTED OFFENDER PROGRAM STEERING COMMITTEE Asst PD Tim Pappas DDA Ben Hanna (Erin Dervin) PO KristelMagby SCAD Kim McKinney/Noble Flournoy DAVE REITEN PROGRAM IN A NUTSHELL SUCCESS AND LOSS LEVELS OF ADDICTION AVERAGE DAY in court with family EMPLOYERS WE CAN CHEER FOR! GRADUATION