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Sport Drug Testing

Sport Drug Testing

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Sport Drug Testing

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  1. Sport Drug Testing Adrian Smalley Ryan Simpson Jenessa Dilley

  2. Points To Be Reviewed • World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) • Prohibited List • Standard Testing Protocol • False Accusations & Laboratories • Chain of Command • How to Cheat a Drug Test

  3. Prohibited List

  4. Standard Testing Protocol • Urine Analysis • Sample A • Sample B • Blood Analysis

  5. WADA Laboratories • Strict guidelines to achieve accreditation • Malaysian lab false accusations • Hossam Ghaly – International footballer • Female American marathon runner • Previous false accusations • Suspended for 3 months • First of more than 35 labs in WADA’s worldwide network to be barred from conducting tests

  6. Statistics of False Accusations • Prescription Drugs • Of 161 legally prescribed and over-the-counter drugs, 65 gave a false positive result (40%) • Tour de France • Of 126 samples taken at 99% specificity, the false-positive rate was 72% • Urine Test • 15% of all urine test yield a false positive due to cross reacting substances

  7. Urine Test False-Positives

  8. Substances & Conditions That Cause False-Positives • THC • Amphetamines • Opiates • Ecstasy • Cocaine

  9. Falsely Accused Athletes

  10. Chain of Command • Paper Cases 1 & 4 • Case 1 • Sample replaced with beer • Case 4 • Officer swapped samples • Ryan Braun • Basement storage • Bribery • http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/video/mlb/2011/12/12/121211.epstein_braun.SportsIllustrated/index.html

  11. How to Cheat a Drug Tests • All Test • Micro-Dosing • Epitestosterone • Detox Products • “Crisis Capsules” • Cleanse • 1-30 Day Cleanse • Tattoos • Urine Test • Protease • Urine Replacement • “Oil Change “ • Catheterization • Whizzinator • Diuretics • Blood Test • Blood Transfusion • http://www.passyourdrugtest.com/kits/urine-test.htm