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FUTURE TENSES

FUTURE TENSES

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FUTURE TENSES

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  1. FUTURE TENSES By Ahmet YAVUZ

  2. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Will future • Be going to future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous

  3. Future Tenses Simple Present • I do / she does (form) • We use present simple to talk about TIMETABLES, PROGRAMMES etc. (for public transportation, cinemas etc.) • My train leaves at 11:30, so I need to be at the station by 11:15. • What time does the film begin this evening • The train leaves at 9 pm. • Although the action takes place in the future, it takes place regularly and is set by a time table.

  4. Future Tenses Simple Present • You can use the simple present tense to talk about people if their plans are fixed like a timetable. (such as politicians, businessmen) • What time do you finish work tomorrow? • I start my new job on Monday • Compare the present use and future use of present simple: • The buses start at 6 a.m. and stop at 12 p.m. every day. (simple present) • The train to Ankara leaves at 9 a.m. tomorrow and arrives there at 6 p.m. (future) • Our classes usually begin at 9 and finish at 12. (simple present) • My class begins at 9 tomorrow and finishes at 12. (future)

  5. Future Tenses Simple Present

  6. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Will future • Be going to future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous

  7. Future Tenses Present Continuous • I am doing something (tomorrow) = I have already decided and arranged to do it. • A: What are you doing on Saturday evening? B: I am going to the cinema • A: What time is Cathy arriving tomorrow? B: Half past ten. I am meeting her at the station. • I am not working tomorrow so we can go out somewhere. • Ian isn’t playing football next Saturday. He’s hurt his leg.

  8. Future Tenses Present Continuous • Time expressions such as tomorrow, nextweek,next year, next summer are used with present continuous to express arranged future. • I'm meeting Ann next Saturday. • They are giving a party next month. • She is leaving Istanbul in two days. (İki gün sonra İstanbul'dan ayrılıyor. / İki gün sonra İstanbul'dan ayrılacak.)

  9. Future Tenses Present Continuous • Compare: • I'm going to the theatre tonight. • In the example you can see that the tickets are already bought. So we are talking about an arrangement for the near future. • The play starts at 8 o’clock. • The difference between Present simple and Present continuous can be seen in this example.

  10. Future Tenses Present Continuous

  11. Future Tenses Present Continuous

  12. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Be going to future • Will future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous Present Simple Or Present Continuous

  13. Future Tenses Present Continuous or Simple

  14. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Be going to future • Will future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous

  15. Future Tenses be going to Future • Form of “be going to future”

  16. Future Tenses be going to Future • Use of “be going to future” • I am going to do something = I have decided to do it. I intend to do it. • A: Are you going to watch the late film on TV tonight? B: No, I am going to have an early night. • A: I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it? B: She is going to buy a new car. • I am going to make a quick phone call. Can you wait for me. • If we are talking about an action which has been decided or planned earlier, we use be going to. • A: Why have you bought this material? B: I'm going tomake a skirt for myself.

  17. Future Tenses be going to Future • Strong prediction: If we have proof that something will happen we use be going to. • The sky is black. It is going torain. • There is a lot of blossom on the trees this spring. We are going to have a good crop. • I feel terrible. I think I am going to be ill. • The economic situation is bad now and things are going to get worse.

  18. Future Tenses be going to Future Exercise on Future I Simple (going to) The following people are about to do something. You can see that they have already planned or prepared the action. • What does she need the telephone for?→ (she / call / her boyfriend) ________ • Why are they wearing sport suits?→ (they / play / squash) ________ • Why has Fiona bought chocolates?→ (She / visit / her grandma) ________ • Why do you need a map?→ (we / walk / in the mountains) ________ • What do you need the cloth and the bucket for?→ (we / wash / the car) ________ • Why are you running about with the toothbrush?→ (I / brush / my teeth) ________ • Why is daddy not coming with us?→ (he / repair / the car) ________ • Hurry up!→ (they / light / the bonfire) ________ • Why are all these tapes on the table?→ (we / learn / Greek) ________ • What do you need the pen for?→ (I / write / some postcards) ________

  19. Future Tenses be going to Future Exercise on Future I Simple (going to) The following people do not intend to do the following actions. Write negative sentences in going to future. • (I / sell / my car) ________ • (he / help / us) ________ • (they / study / harder) ________ • (we / cook / dinner tonight) ________ • (I / celebrate / my birthday this year) ________ • (she / cleaning / her room) ________ • (they / move / house) ________ • (she / stay / with Amy) ________ • (they / change / their clothes) ________ • (we / get up early / next Sunday

  20. Future Tenses be going to Future Exercise on Future I Simple (going to) Write questions in going to future. • (he / cook dinner / tonight) ________ • (you / run / in the race) ________ • (they / climb / that mountain) ________ • (she / exercise / at the gym / in the afternoon) ________ • (you / carry / that heavy box) ________ • (computer / crash) ________ • (we / eat / fish / tonight) ________ • (he / play football / tomorrow) ________ • (Lucy / call / a taxi) ________ • (you / sing / a song / for us) ________

  21. Test on Future I Simple (going to) he / get up / early Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ they / do / their best Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ you / learn / Irish Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ she / buy / a computer Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ we / take / the bus Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ she / watch / the match Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ they / wait / in the park Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ He / buy / bread / this afternoon Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ Future Tenses be going to Future

  22. Future Tenses be going to

  23. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Be going to future • Will future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous

  24. Future Tenses Will Future • Form of will future

  25. Future Tenses Will Future • Use of will future 1. We use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. • Oh! I’ve left the door open. I will go and shut it. • “What would you like to drink?” “I’ll have an orange juice,please” • “Did you phone Lucy?” “Oh, no. I forgot. I’ll phone her now.” • Present simple cannot be used in these situations. • I will go and shut the door. (not I go and shut) • “I don't have any money.” “Don't worry. I'll lend you some.”(Üzülme. Ben sana veririm.) • “Some guests are corning in two hours, and nothing is ready yet.” ”Don't worry. I'll wash the dishes and you can do the cooking.” (Ben bulaşıkları yıkarım, sen yemeği pişirirsin.)

  26. Future Tenses Will Future 2. Will is used in these situations: • Offering to do something • That bag looks heavy. I will help you with it. • Agreeing to do something • A: Can you give Tim this book? B: Sure, I will give it to him when I see him this afternoon. • Promising to do something • Thanks for lending me the money. I’ll pay you back on Friday. • Asking somebody to do something (Will you.....?) • Will you please turn the stereo down. I am trying to concentrate.

  27. Future Tenses Will Future 3. Will is generally used with these expressions.

  28. Future Tenses Will Future • Will is used to make predictions without proof. • There will be a rise in prices after the elections. • With will we use tomorrow, next week, next month, next summer, in two days (iki gün sonra), in ten minutes (on dakika sonra), two days from now (iki gün sonra), five years from now (beş yıl sonra), soon ( az sonra, yakında). • We will take an exam next week. • Tomorrow is a public holiday, so she won't go to work. • She will graduate in three years. • Two months from now, they will move into a new flat.

  29. Future Tenses Will Future • Further notes: • With " I" and "we“ we can use "shall" instead of "will". • We will/shall invite them to the party. • I will/shall help you with your homework. • Short form for "will not" and "shall not" are "won't" and "shan't“. • They will not/won't come tomorrow. • We shall not/shan't go to the party.

  30. Future Tenses Will Future • Exercise on Future I Simple (will) Write positive sentences in will Future. • We (help) ________ you. • I (get) ________ you a drink. • I think our team (win) ________the match. • Maybe she (do) ________a language course in Malta. • I (buy) ________the tickets. • Perhaps she (do) ________this for you. • Maybe we (stay) ________at home. • She hopes that he (cook) ________dinner tonight. • I’m sure they (understand) ________your problem. • They (go / probably) ________to the party.

  31. Future Tenses Will Future • Exercise on Future I Simple (will) Write negative sentences in will future. • (I / answer / the question) ________ • (she / read / the book) ________ • (they / drink / beer) ________ • (we / send / the postcard) ________ • (Vanessa / catch / the ball) ________ • (James / open / the door) ________ • (we / listen / to the radio) ________ • (they / eat / fish) ________ • (she / give / him / the apple) ________ • (the computer / crash) ________

  32. Future Tenses Will Future • Exercise on Future I Simple (will) Write questions in will future. • (you / ask / him) ________ • (Jenny / lock / the door) ________ • (it / rain) ________ • (the teacher / test / our English) ________ • (what / they / eat) ________ • (when / she / be / back) ________ • (who / drive / us / into town) ________ • (where / we / meet) ________ • (when / I / be / famous) ________ • (what / you / do) ________

  33. Future Tenses Will Future • Test on Future I Simple (will) • Harry / cause / trouble Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • you / copy / the homework Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • the clouds / disappear Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • he / marry / his girlfriend Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • the snowman / melt Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • the people / panic Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • they / react / to my question Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________ • she / probably / teach / in London Positive: ________ Negative: ________ Question: ________

  34. Future Tenses Will Future

  35. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Be going to future • Will future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous be going to or will

  36. Future Tensesbegoingto or will

  37. Future Tensesbegoingto or will

  38. Future Tensesbegoingto or will

  39. Future Tensesbegoingto or will

  40. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Will future • Be going to future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous

  41. Future Tenses Future Continuous • FORM

  42. Future Tenses Future Continuous • USE OF THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE a) We use this tense to express an action which will be in proggress at a certain time in the future. (Bu tense'i, gelecekte bir noktada yapıyor olacağımız eylemleri ifade etmek için kullanırız.) • Don't call me tomorrow between ten and eleven I'll be having an interview then. • This time next year, you'll probably be attending university. • My plane departs at nine tomorrow, so I'll be flying to New York at this hour tomorrow. • b) We can also use this tense to request something from someone. (Bu tense'i birinden bir şey rica ederken de kullanabiliriz.) • "Will you be going past the post office when you go out?“'Yes. Why?" "If so, can you post this letter for me?" • "Will you be using your bike tomorrow?“ "No, I don't think so.“"If not, can you lend it to me for the afternoon?"

  43. Future Tenses Future Continuous • Signal Words (at) this time next week next year next month in one year next week tomorrow at two o’clock tomorrow at midnight

  44. Future Tenses Future Continuous • Exercise on Future Progressive Put the verbs into the correct form (future progressive). • At midnight we (sleep)____________. • This time next week we (sit) ____________at the beach. • At nine I (watch) ____________the news. • Tonight we (cram up) ____________for our English test. • They (dance) ____________all night. • He (not / play) ____________all afternoon. • I (not / work) ____________all day. • (eat / you) ____________at six? • (drive / she) ____________to London? • (fight / they) ____________again?

  45. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Will future • Be going to future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous

  46. Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense • FORM

  47. Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense • We use this tense to express actions that will be completed at a certain time in the future. (Gelecekte bir noktada yapmış, tamamlamış olacağımız eylemleri bu tense ile ifade ederiz. ) • By, before, in a week (or in a week's time), in ten days (or in ten days' time), in three years (or in three years' time) are used with this tense • She will have graduated from university in two years. • She promises that she will have finished her report by tomorrow. • They will have completed the new school building by next year.

  48. Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense • "By the time", "when" ve "before", bu tense ile sık kullanılan zaman bağlaçlarıdır. • I will have finished my homework by the time mother comes back. • Before this term is finished, you will have learnt most of the English grammar. • The children will have gone to bed when the guests arrive. • We will already have eaten dinner when he comes. O geldiğinde biz yemeğimizi yemiş olacağız. • *** "by" ile "by the time" arasındaki farka dikkat ediniz. "By" bir preposition olduğu için kendinden sonra bir isim gelir, (by two o'clock, by next month, by tomorrow, by then, etc.) "By the time" ise bir bağlaçtır. Kendinden sonra bir cümle gelir. • l will have finished my work by 5 o'clock. • I will have finished my work by the time you come back. • I'll call you at 2.00. I hope you'll have finished your work by then. • I'll call you at 2.00. I hope you'll have finished your work by the time I call you.

  49. Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense • Exercise on Future Perfect Simple Put the verbs into the correct form (future II simple). • By 9 o'clock we (cook) _________ dinner. • They (eat) _________ by then. • In one week he (cross) _________ the Atlantic by boat. • She (go) _________ home. • Jane (not / finish) _________ her work. • Fred (not / return) _________ from his holiday by Monday. • The sun (not / rise) _________ by 4 o'clock. • (do / you) _________ the washing up by six o'clock? • Our boss (not / leave) _________ the office yet. • (buy / she) _________ the new car?

  50. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: • Simple Present • Present Continuous • Be going to future • Will future • Future Continuous • Future Perfect • Future Perfect Continuous Future continuous or Future perfect