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TURKEY, SMEs & KOSGEB PowerPoint Presentation
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TURKEY, SMEs & KOSGEB

TURKEY, SMEs & KOSGEB

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TURKEY, SMEs & KOSGEB

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  1. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION TURKEY, SMEs & KOSGEB CICA “Conference on InteractionandConfidence BuildingMeasures in Asia” Mehmet Görkem GÜRBÜZ Tayland, Bangkok, 30.03.2011 1

  2. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION CONTENT AN OVERVIEW TO TURKEY SMEs IN TURKEY KOSGEB AND ITS SERVICES 2

  3. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION AN OVERVIEW TO TURKEY 3

  4. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION TURKEY IS LOCATED IN THE HEART OF A REGION WITH MORE THAN ONE BILLION POPULATION AND ALMOST ONE QUARTER OF WORLD OUTPUT. 4

  5. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ADVANTAGES OF TURKEY STRATEGICGEOGRAPHICALLOCATION HUGE DOMESTIC MARKET QUALIFIED AND COST-EFFICIENT LABOUR FORCE STRONG LOCAL INDUSTRY OFFERING INVESTORS A MARKET POTENTIAL NEARBY EXTERNALMARKETS 5

  6. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION BASIC STATISTICS AND SOCIAL INDICATORS OF TURKEY GEOGRAHICAL AREA (KM2) İS 780 576 POPULATION IS 72.56 MILLION, (2009) POPULATION OVER 15 YEARS OLD IS 52 MILLION, 75 % OF THE POPULATION LIVE IN CITIES , APPROXIMATELY 36% OF POPULATION LIVE IN 5 BIG CITIES, ANNUAL POPULATION INCREASE RATE IS 1.31%, AVERAGE AGE IS 28,5, COMPULSORY EDUCATION IS 8 YEARS NUMBER OF THE UNIVERSITY IS 139 (94 STATE, 45 PRIVATE ) AVERAGE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IS 11.6 %. (2009) 49 TYPES OF MINES RESERVE AND WORLD’S 51% OF BORON RESERVE ARE IN TURKEY 6 Source: tuik-2008

  7. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ANNUAL DISTRIBUTION OF LABOUR FORCE (%) (2008) AGRICULTURE 24 49 SERVICES 21 INDUSTRY 6 CONSTRUCTION Source: www.tuik.gov.tr

  8. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Source: www.tuik.gov.tr

  9. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION TURKEY IS RANKED AS THE; 16th BIGGEST ECONOMYIN THE WORLD, 6th BIGGEST ECONOMYIN EUROPE 9

  10. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION 10 Source: www.tuik.gov.tr *2010 estimated

  11. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION 11 Source: www.tuik.gov.tr

  12. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN TURKEY (billion USD) 12

  13. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SMEs IN TURKEY 13

  14. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SMEs Large share in total number of enterprises Large share in total number of employment ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DRIVING FORCE 14

  15. NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES ANNUAL NET SALES REVENUE ANNUAL FINANCIAL BALANCE SHEET DEFINITION CRITERIA (Scale) MICRO 1-9 ≤1 million TL <0,65 million $ ≤1 million TL <0,65 million $ SMALL 10-49 ≤5 million TL <3,25 million $ ≤5 million TL<3,25 million $ MEDIUM 50-250 ≤25 million TL <16,2 million $ ≤25 million TL<16,2 million $ KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SME DEFINITION 15

  16. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION DISTRIBUTION OF SMEs IN TURKEY SMEsCONSTITUTE; • 99.9OF TOTAL ENTERPRISES INCLUDING THOSE IN THE SERVICE SECTOR • 81 OF TOTAL EMPLOYMENT • 62 OF TOTAL INVESTMENTS • 59 OF TOTAL VALUE ADDED • 56 OF TOTAL EXPORT (2009) 16

  17. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION DISTRIBUTION OF SMEs (%) 95,54% 4,03% 0,35% 0,08% MICRO SMALL MEDIUM LARGE 17 Source:Tuik 2008

  18. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SECTORAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF SMEs (%) Other Manufacturing 12,3 5.4 Service 82,3 0 Trade45. 2 Other services 37.1 *Other: Energy, MInIng, ConstructIon 18 Source: Tüik 2007

  19. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION OF ENTERPRISES 19 Source: TUIK 2007

  20. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION PROBLEMS OF TURKISH SMEs • FINANCING • HIGH QUALIFIED HUMON RESOURCE • INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES • TECHNOLOGY, R&D AND INNOVATION • MARKETING AND EXPORT • ENTREPRENEURSHIP • QUALITY AND STANDARDIZATION • ENVIRONMENT 20

  21. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE 21

  22. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SME POLICY MAKING INSTRUMENTS • ANNUAL PROGRAMME AND 3 YEARS MEDIUM TERM PROGRAMME • 5 YEARS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME • PROMOTING A BETTER INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE • WITHIN EU MEMBERSHIP- ENTERPRISE AND INDUSTRY POLICIES- SME STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN (2011 – 2013) • LAW NUMBER: 5018 – PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL KOSGEB STRATEGIC PLAN (2011 – 2015) 22

  23. KOSGEB’S ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND ITS SERVICES KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION 23

  24. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION • THE ONLY PUBLIC AGENCY FOUNDED TO PROVIDE SUPPORTS TO SMEs. • ESTABLISHED IN 1990. • IN 2009, WITH A LEGAL ARRANGEMENT, AS WELL AS MANUFACTURING SECTORS, SERVICE AND TRADE SECTORS WERE INCLUDED TO THE KOSGEB TARGET AUDIENCE AND THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS HAS GIVEN THE AUTHORITY TO DETERMINE THE SECTOR AND REGIONAL PRIORITIES OF SUPPORTS GIVEN BY KOSGEB FOR SMES 24

  25. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION GOAL OF KOSGEB • TO INCREASE SME’S SHARE AND EFFECTIVENESS, • TO RAISE THEIR COMPETITIVENESS, • TO REALIZE INTEGRATION WITHIN SECTORS IN LINE WITH THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS, • TO INCREASE SME’S TECHNOLOGY LEVELS. 25

  26. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION GENERAL ACTIVITIES • TO DEVELOP SUPPORT MECHANISMS FOR TURKISH SMES • TO ENCOURAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP REGARDING TO NEW TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION • TO FOSTER R&D FOCUSED JOB CREATION • TO DISSEMINATE RELEVANT INFORMATION TO SMES • TO IMPROVE CAPACITY OF SMES • TO STRENGTHEN UNIVERSITY/INDUSTRY COOPERATION 26

  27. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT BODIES GENERAL ASSEMBLY EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE PRESIDENCY 27

  28. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION KOSGEB ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE PRESIDENCY HEAD QUARTER UNITS SERVICE PROVIDERS Service Centers SME Research and Project Co. Unit Technology Development Centers SME Finance Unit EU & International Relations Unit Synergy Focal Points Strategy Development&Financial Services Unit AdministrativeServices Unit Information Systems Unit Information Management&Decision Support Coordination Unit Technology and Innovation Supports Coordination Unit Sevice Centers Coordination Unit Internal Support Unit; Legal Advisory Office Human Resources Unit and Administrative UnIt

  29. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION BUDGET SOURCES • BUSINESS CONCERN AND PROPERTY INCOMES • PRIVATE INCOMES WITH DONATIONS AND AIDS • OTHER INCOMES - SECURITY , PAYMENTS IN ARREAR AND OTHER INTERESTS - SHARES OF THE PERSONS AND ORGANIZATIONS (STATE BANKS, KIT, ORGANIZED INDUSTRIAL REGIONS, THE UNION OF CHAMBERS AND COMMODITY EXCHANGES OF TURKEY,, TURKISH ARTISANS AND ARTISTS’ CONFEDERATION, CURE SHARE FROM THE EMPLOYEES) • CAPITAL INCOMES • REVENUES FROM THE CLAIMS

  30. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION 2011 BUDGET

  31. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION KOSGEB’S EMPLOYMENT POSITION (2011)

  32. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION FUNCTIONAL CYCLE OF UNITS DEPARTMENTS WHICH DEVELOP POLICIES AND MODELS • EntrepreneurshIp Development Center • RegIonal and Local Development Center • Market Research and Export PromotIon Center • TraInIng and Consultancy Center • FInance Center DEPARTMENTS WHICH SUPPLY SERVICE • Service Centers • Technology Development Centers MONITORING, EVALUATION, COORDINATION, AUDIT DEPARTMENTS 32

  33. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION DEPARTMENTS WHICH DEVELOPE POLICIES AND MODELS • TO CONSTITUTE REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MODELS • TO PREPARE REPORTS TO DEVELOP KOSGEB SUPPORT MECHANISMS, DEVELOPING OFFERS AND PREPARING LEGISLATION • TO ESTABLISH NEW FINANCIAL MODELS AND TO IMPROVE FINANCIAL SUPPORT TOOLS • TO COVER SMEs’ EDUCATION AND CONSULTING NEEDS • TO MAKE RESEARCHS ON FOREIGN MARKETS AND LEGISLATIONS 33

  34. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION DEPARTMENTS WHICH IMPLEMENT THE MODELS SERVICE CENTERS • TO STRENGTH THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INDUSTRY AND STATE • TO PROVIDE KOSGEB SUPPORT MECHANISMS • TO IMPLEMENT PROJECTS • SEVERAL TEST AND ANALYSIS SERVICES REGARDING TO SMEs • COORDINATION TO BUILD LABORATORIES FOR SMEs IN INDUSTRIAL ZONES INDUSTRY İGEM İGEM 34

  35. UNIVERSITY TEKMER KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CENTERS • TO SUPPORT R&D PROJECTS OF MICRO SIZED ENTERPRISES • TO SUPPORT SMEs WHICH AIM TO DEVELOP PRODUCTS WITH HIGH ADDED VALUE AND TECHNOLOGICAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS • TRANSFERING HE RESULTS OF R&D STUDIESINTO ECONOMICAL VALUE • TO DEVELOP COOPERATION BETWEEN UNIVERSITIES AND INDUSTRY

  36. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SYNERGY FOCAL POINTS MICRO SERVICE POINTS LOCATED IN CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE & INDUSTRY AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS TO DELIVER KOSGEB SUPPORT MECHANISMS 36

  37. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SERVICE CENTERS (1990-2009) • 55 SERVICE CENTERS (49 City) • 93 SYNERGY FOCAL POINTS 37

  38. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION KOSGEB SUPPORTS SUPPORTS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF KOSGEB SUPPORT MECHANISMS (reimbursable and non reimbursable support payment) CREDIT SUPPORTS (non reimbursable support payment)

  39. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SME PROJECT SUPPORT PROGRAMME THEMATIC PROJECT SUPPORT PROGRAMME COOPERATİON- COLLABORATION SUPPORT PROGRAMME GENEL KREDI PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA SAĞLANAN DESTEKLER SUPPORTS UNDER KOSGEB REGULATION R&D, INNOVATION AND INDUSTRIAL PRACTICE SUPPORT PROGRAMME ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUPPORT PROGRAMME GENERAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME

  40. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SME SUPPORT CREDIT EMPLOYMENT CREDIT EXPORT CREDIT INFORMATICS CREDIT SUPPORTS PROVIDED UNDER CREDIT PROGRAMMES GENEL KREDI PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA SAĞLANAN DESTEKLER EQUIPMENT SECTOR AND EQUIPMENT CREDIT MANUFACTURER ARTISAN BUSINESS CREDIT EMERGENCY STATE SUPPORT CREDIT ENTERPRISES SUPPORT CREDIT

  41. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION STRATEGIES OF CREDIT SUPPORT SYSTEMS OF KOSGEB • THE BUDGET SOURCES OF KOSGEB HAS BEEN ALLOCATED TO REAL SECTOR • INTERMEDIARY STATE-OWNED BANKS COVER THE RİSK • BANKS PROVIDES CREDIT • KOSGEB COVERS INTEREST EXPENSE(mostly zero interest rate) • THE LESS PAPER WORKS VIA WEB-BASED ON-LINE SYSTEM • EASY/QUICK APPLICATION FOR SMES • ON-LINE IMPLEMENTING & MONITORING

  42. 10.000 10.000 10.000 10.000 123.800 10.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 52.000 490.000 KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SME DATABASE NUMBER OF ENTERPRISES REGISTERED SME DATABASE SUPPORT MODEL SYSTEM BASED ON DEMAND 4000 1990-2002 SME ANALYSIS 2003-2004 SCANNING + STRATEGIC ROAD MAP + CREDIT SUPPORTS 2005-2008 SCANNING + STRATEGIC ROAD MAP + CREDIT SUPPORTS + SERVICE SECTOR 2011-

  43. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION KOSGEB SUPPORTS (2003- 2010) 260.000 SMEs 600 MILLION $ SUPPORT 6,4 BILLION $ ALLOCATED CREDIT VOLUME 3 BILLION $ EXPORT 50.000 EMPLOYMENT

  44. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION CREATED VALUE ADDED THROUGH KOSGEB TECHNOLOGY SUPPORTS(1992-2009)

  45. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION

  46. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION OF PROJECTS SUPPORTED IN TEKMERs

  47. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ACTIVITIES IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  48. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION • “RELATED DEPARTMENT” IN 3 CAPTIONS WITHIN TURKEY- EU MEMBERSHIP NEGOTIATIONS ESPECIALLY UNDER THE CAPTION OF “ENTERPRISES AND INDUSTRY” • COORDINATION OF “SME STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN” WHICH CAPTION IS TURKEY’S TASK; “ENTERPRISES AND INDUSTRY” • MANAGEMENT OF NATIONAL COORDINATION OF “ENTERPRISE EUROPE NETWORK” WHICH IS A PROJECT UNDER COMPETITIVENESS AND INNOVATION PROGRAMME (CIP) • NATIONAL CONTACT POINT OF THE PROJECT CIP “EUROPE SME WEEK” • INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL INFORMATIVE ACTIVITIES REGARDING TO 7. FRAMEWORK, MATRA, IPA AND LEONARDO PROGRAMMES

  49. KOSGEBSMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION • PARTICIPATION TO THE ALL SME ACTIVITIES IN MULTILATERAL ORGANIZATIONS EXCEPT EU ON BEHALF ON OUR COUNTRY • OECD SME WORKING GROUP • BSEC SME WORKING GROUP • ECO SME ORIENTATION COMMITTEE • OIC SME TASK FORCE (MEETINGS ENDED) • MANAGEMENT OF BILATERAL RELATIONS WITH EQUIVALENT ORGANIZATIONS • YOIKK (THE COORDINATION COUNCIL FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT) SME TECHNICAL COMMITTEE SECRETERIAT ACTIVITIES • PARTICIPATION TO THE PROJECTS AND PROVIDING INFORMATIVE ACTIVITIES REGARDING TO SMES ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE ISSUES • TO ARRANGE PROGRAMMES TO FOREIGN PROFESSIONALS AND SHARING EXPERIENCES ABOUT TURKEY SME SUPPORT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

  50. KOSGEB SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION BILATERAL ACTIVITIES WITH COUNTRIES • INFORMING EACH OTHER ABOUT FAIRS AND EXHIBITIONS ORGANIZED IN THEIR COUNTRIES AND SUPPORT THE PARTICIPATION OF SMES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF INCENTIVES • SHARINGINFORMATION AND EXPERIENCE ON SMES • EFFORTS TO IMPROVE THE INSTITUTIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SUPPORT MECHANISMS FOR SMES • PROVIDING REQUIRED INFORMATION TO SME'S ON TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION • COOPERATION ON TRAINING OF SMES • DEVELOPING MECHANISMS TO INFORM EACH OTHER ON TRADE OPPORTUNITIES AND EVENTS REGARDING SMES • ORGANISING BUSINESS TRIPS. • EFFORTS TO IMPLEMENT MATCHING CENTER MODEL