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Review of 1 st and 2 nd Declension Adjectives PowerPoint Presentation
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Review of 1 st and 2 nd Declension Adjectives

Review of 1 st and 2 nd Declension Adjectives

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Review of 1 st and 2 nd Declension Adjectives

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  1. Review of 1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives Adjectives = words which modify or describe nouns or pronouns. Latin dictionary form of adjectives Nominative Nominative Nominative Meaning Masculine Feminine Neuter fidus fida fidum faithful miser misera miserum poor pulcher pulchra pulchrum beautiful The stem of an adjective = nom. fem. sing. – a stem of fidus = fid stem of miser = miser stem of pulcher = pulchr

  2. 1st and 2nd Declension Adjective Endings Masculine Feminine Neuter Nom. us, er a um Gen. i ae i Dat. o ae o Acc. um am um Abl. o a o Nom. i ae a Gen. orum arum orum Dat. is is is Acc. os as a Abl. is is is

  3. 1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives (Page 53) fidus fida fidum – faithful stem = fid Masculine Feminine Neuter Nom. fidus fida fidum Gen. fidi fidae fidi Dat. fido fidae fido Acc. fidum fidam fidum Abl. fido fida fido Nom. fidi fidae fida Gen. fidorum fidarum fidorum Dat. fidis fidis fidis Acc. fidos fidas fida Abl. fidis fidis fidis faithful

  4. 1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives miser misera miserum – poor, wretched stem = miser Masculine Feminine Neuter Nom. miser misera miserum Gen. miseri miserae miseri Dat. misero miserae misero Acc. miserum miseram miserum Abl. misero misera misero Nom. miseri miserae misera Gen. miserorum miserarum miserorum Dat. miseris miseris miseris Acc. miseros miseras misera Abl. miseris miseris miseris poor

  5. 1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives pulcher pulchra pulchrum – beautiful stem = pulchr Masculine Feminine Neuter Nom. pulcher pulchra pulchrum Gen. pulchri pulchrae pulchri Dat. pulchro pulchrae pulchro Acc. pulchrum pulchram pulchrum Abl. pulchro pulchra pulchro Nom. pulchri pulchrae pulchra Gen. pulchrorum pulchrarum pulchrorum Dat. pulchris pulchris pulchris Acc. pulchros pulchras pulchra Abl. pulchris pulchris pulchris beautiful

  6. Ablative of Means (Page 42) The ablative is used without a preposition to express the means or instrument with which some act is done. Dominus tuba servum vocabat. The master was calling the servant with (by means of) a trumpet. This ablative is called the ablative of means and is translated into English thus: by, by means of, with. It always answers the question: With what? By means of what? The noun in the ablative of means is usually a concrete noun, never a person.