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Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry PowerPoint Presentation
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Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry

Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry

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Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry

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  1. Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry

  2. Meet the Lecturer Dr. Denis Svechkarev, PhD in Organic Chemistry Associate Professor, Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Kharkov V. N. Karazin National University Senior Researcher, Department of Physical Organic Chemistry, Institute for Chemistry at Kharkov V. N. Karazin National University

  3. Simple way to success Respect the subject, as well as those who are working to improve your knowledge. Attend the lectures – this is your main source of knowledge. Take good, concise lecture notes. Use of cell phones in the lecture room or lab is strictly prohibited! If you need to make a call – wait until the end of the class. If it’s really urgent – leave the room, make a call and then come back. I will not tolerate with any demonstration of disrespect or any violation of discipline!

  4. Some useful material niichem.univer.kharkov.ua/physorg chemlaba.wordpress.com

  5. What shall we do? Introduction to organic and biological chemistry. Classes and nomenclature of organic compounds. Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. SR and AdE reactions. Feb 14 Aromatic hydrocarbons. Orientation in the aromatic ring. Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons. SN reacions. Alcohols, ethers. Polyhydric alcohols. Feb 21 Feb 28 Carbonyl compounds – aldehydes and ketones. Carbohydrates. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives: amides, nitriles, anhydrides. Esters, fats. Mar 7 Amines, aminoacids, peptides. Heterocyclic compounds and their biological activity. Mar 14

  6. Main principles of organic chemistry

  7. Organic vs. Inorgaic

  8. Power of life and vitalism AgNCO + NH4Cl → (NH2)2CO + AgCl

  9. Theory of chemical structure Alexander Butlerov Eminent Russian chemist, one of the founders of the theory of chemical structure. First scientist to introduce double bonds in structural formulae.

  10. Intermediate particles

  11. Classification of organic compounds

  12. Classification of organic compounds • Halogen derivatives • Oxygen-containing: • Alcohols & ethers • Aldehydes & ketones • Carboxylic acids & esters • Nitrogen-containing: • Amines • Nitriles • Mixed: • Aminoacids • Peptides • Nitro compounds • …

  13. Alkanes

  14. Structure and formulae

  15. Naming alkanes CnH2n+2

  16. Naming branched-chain alkanes

  17. Isomerism of alkanes

  18. How to obtain alkanes

  19. Chemical properties of alkanes

  20. Chemical properties of alkanes

  21. Radical substitution - SR

  22. Cycloalkanes CnH2n

  23. Chemical properties of cycloalkanes Small cycles show some particular properties:

  24. Unsaturated hydrocarbons

  25. Structure of alkenes: σ- and π-bonds

  26. Naming alkenes CnH2n

  27. Naming branched-chain alkenes

  28. Isomerism of alkenes

  29. Isomerism of alkenes

  30. Addition to the double bond – AdE reactions Markovnikov rule

  31. Structure of alkynes: σ- and π-bonds

  32. Naming and properties of alkynes CnH2n-2

  33. Naming branched-chain alkynes

  34. Isomerism of alkynes • triple bond position in alkyne molecule • carbon skeleton branching • interclass isomerism: • alkadienes • cycloalkenes

  35. Synthesis and reactions of alkynes