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GERUNDS(İsim Fiil)

GERUNDS(İsim Fiil)

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GERUNDS(İsim Fiil)

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  1. GERUNDS(İsim Fiil) By Sezgi Özer

  2. What is the gerunds? • A verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. A gerund with its objects, complements, and modifiers is called a gerund phrase.

  3. We are grouping the gerund with 4 main titles • Gerunds as Subject, Object or Complement • Gerunds after Prepositions • Gerunds after Certain Verbs • Gerunds in Passive Sense

  4. Gerunds as Subject, Object or Complement • Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence

  5. Examples: • Smoking costs a lot of money. • I don't like writing. • My favorite occupation is reading.

  6. But, like a verb, a gerund can also have an object itself. In this case, the whole expression [gerund + object] can be the subject, object or complement of the sentence.

  7. Examples: • Smoking cigarettes costs a lot of money. • I don't like writing letters. • My favorite occupation is reading detective stories.

  8. Like nouns, we can use gerunds with adjectives. • pointless questioning • a settling of debts • the making of Titanic • his drinking of alcohol

  9. But when we use a gerund with an article, it does not usually take a direct object • a settling of debts. • Making "Titanic" was expensive. • The making of "Titanic" was expensive.

  10. Do you see the difference in these two sentences? In one, "reading" is a gerund (noun). In the other "reading" is a present participle (verb). • My favorite occupation is reading. • My favorite niece is reading.

  11. Gerunds after Prepositions • If we want to use a verb after a preposition, it must be a gerund. It is impossible to use an infinitive after a preposition.

  12. For example; • I am looking forward tomeeting you. • Do you object toworking late? • Tara always dreams aboutgoing on holiday.

  13. Notice that you could replace all the above gerunds with "real" nouns • I am looking forward to our lunch. • Do you object to this job? • Tara always dreams about holidays.

  14. The above rule has no exceptions! So why is "to" followed by "driving" in 1 and by "drive" in 2? • I am used to driving on the left. • I used to drive on the left.

  15. Gerunds after Certain Verbs • We sometimes use one verb after another verb. Often the second verb is in the infinitive form • I wantto eat.

  16. But sometimes the second verb must be in gerund form, for example; • I dislikeeating.

  17. This depends on the first verb. Here is a list of verbs that are usually followed by a verb in gerund form

  18. admit, appreciate, avoid, carry on, consider, defer, delay, deny, detest, dislike, endure, enjoy, escape,excuse,face, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, can't help, imagine, involve, leave off, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, put off, report, resent, risk, can't stand, suggest, understand

  19. Look at these examples • Do you feel likegoing out? • I can't helpfalling in love with you. • I can't stand not seeing you.

  20. Continue… • I like to play tennis. • I like playing tennis. • It started to rain. • It started raining.

  21. Some verbs can be followed by the gerund form or the infinitive form without a big change in meaning: • begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start

  22. Gerunds in Passive Sense • We often use a gerund after the verbs need, require and want. In this case, the gerund has a passive sense.

  23. Examples… • I have three shirts that needwashing. (need to be washed) • This letter requiressigning. (needs to be signed) • The house wantsrepainting. (needs to be repainted)

  24. Gerunds Quiz • I disliketo the movies by myself. • We started dinner without you. • I can't imaginemy own house. • I used that television show all of the time

  25. Continue… • I always eat breakfast beforeto school. • When do you practise the piano? • My grandmother prefers science fiction books. • You need harder this year.

  26. Answer key • I dislike goingto the movies by myself. • We started eating/to eatdinner without you. • I can't imagine buyingmy own house. • I used to washthat television show all of the time

  27. Continue.. • I always eat breakfast beforegoingto school. • When do you practise playingthe piano? • My grandmother prefers reading/to readscience fiction books. • You need to studyharder this year.

  28. Thanks for your attention… Sezgi Özer 1090620024 İöp elt 1(b)