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Lets Explore…..

Lets Explore…..

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Lets Explore…..

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  1. Lets Explore…..

  2. History of Agriculture The word agriculture derived from Latin words “ager” or “agri” means soil and “culture” means cultivation.

  3. Agriculture • Agriculture involves domestication of plants and animals was developed at least 10,000 years ago. • Agriculture is also known as “farming”.

  4. Farming “a system” • Agriculture or farming can be looked as “a system”. • Inputs are – seeds, fertilisers, machinery, labour. • Process – ploughing, sowing, spraying, irrigation and harvesting • Outputs from the system – crops, vegetables, fruits, flowers, wool, dairy and poultry products.

  5. From Corn to Popcorn • The transformation from a plant to a finished product involves 3 types of economic activities. • Primary • Secondary • Tertiary

  6. Primary Activities • Agriculture • Fishing • Mining

  7. Secondary Activities • The processing (make, build and assemble) of products. Eg. Manufacturing of steel. Backing of bread Weaving of cloths Making furniture

  8. Tertiary activities • Services provides supports to the primary and secondary activities. Eg. Transport, trade, banking, advertisement etc.

  9. What is Agriculture • Agriculture is a primary activity. • Growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and Rearing of livestock determined as agriculture. • 50% persons of the whole world are engaged in agriculture activity.

  10. Factors behind the Agriculture • Topography • Soil • Climate

  11. Arable land • The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land. World Distribution of Arable land

  12. Knowledge bag • Agriculture – the science and art of cultivation. It is also called farming • Sericulture – commercial rearing of silk worm. • Pisciculture – breeding of fish • Viticulture – cultivation of grapes • Horticulture – growing vegetables, flowers, fruits for commercial use.

  13. Agriculture in India • Agriculture in India has a significant history. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. • Rice is the main grain crop of India. India ranks second in the world in production of rice. • West Bengal, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are the maximum rice producing states in India.

  14. Lets do it *list out the activities associated under each heading. a) Agriculture b) sericulture c) horticulture Group Discussion:- * What is the difference between agriculture and natural vegetation? * List out the activities involved in agriculture. * List out the factors suitable for growing crops.

  15. Do yourself • Gr. 1 what is horticulture? • Gr 2. 50% of world population is dependent on agriculture. Give reasons for your answer. • Gr 3 Why agriculture is “a system” ?

  16. Closure