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Presentation #1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs PowerPoint Presentation
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Presentation #1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs

Presentation #1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs

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Presentation #1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs

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  1. Presentation #1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs

  2. The present tense of the verb is used to talk about what is happening now or going to happen in the immediate future. ¿Qué hacen tus padres? Ven televisión. ¿What are your parents doing? They are watching TV.

  3. For all tenses of verbs in Spanish, the verb ending must agree with the subjectof the sentence in person and number. Person Number 1st Singular 2nd Plural 3rd

  4. First, let’s look at the three singularforms of the present tense verb. Singular, of course, means referring to only one person or thing, but singular forms are also used with groups treated as a single unit, such as familia (family) and equipo (team).

  5. First person (“I”) First person refers to the speaker of the sentence, either alone (“I”) or as the spokesperson for a group (“we”).

  6. In Spanish, the 1st person subject pronouns, yo and nosotros, may always be used as the subject of a sentence in which the speaker is talking about himself or herself.. Unlike in English where subject pronoun use is obligatory, subject pronouns are often omitted in Spanish.

  7. If a speaker is talking about himself or herself, the verb must indicate the agreement between the subject and the verb through the use of an first person singular ending. This form is formed by adding the ending -oto the stem of the verb.

  8. The stem is usually formed by removing the -ar / -er/ or -ir from the infinitive form of the verb. hablar comer vivir hablo como vivo habl com viv The appropriate verb ending is then attached to the stem.

  9. Present Tense of Regular Verbs Sg. -ar -er -ir 1st yo hablo como vivo 2nd tú hablas comes vives usted 3rd él / ella habla come vive Study this chart before you continue.

  10. Present Tense of Regular Verbs Sg. -ar -er -ir 1st yo hablo como vivo 2nd tú hablas comes vives usted 3rd él / ella habla come vive

  11. Ejercicio 1 Ana is speaking and is telling you what she often does on a typical weekend. Change the verb form to the 1st person singular form in each of the following sentences. Muchas veces , (andar) en bicicleta por el parque. Read the correct answer out loud to yourself before checking your answer.

  12. Ejercicio 1 Ana is speaking and is telling you what she often does on a typical weekend. Change the verb form to the 1st person singular form in each of the following sentences. Muchas veces , ando en bicicleta por el parque.

  13. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Me (levantar) temprano.

  14. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Me levanto temprano.

  15. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Primero (limpiar) la casa.

  16. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Primero limpio la casa.

  17. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Para hacer ejercicio, siempre (correr) por el parque.

  18. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Para hacer ejercicio, siempre corro por el parque.

  19. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Yo (hablar) por teléfono con mis amigos.

  20. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Yo hablo por teléfono con mis amigos.

  21. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Frecuentamente (preparar) la cena.

  22. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Frecuentamente .preparo la cena.

  23. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Por la tarde (bailar) en un grupo de baile folklórico.

  24. Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas. Por la tardebailo en un grúpo de baile folklórico.

  25. In the same manner, before continuing, write each of the following sentence sentences using the “yo”-form on a separate sheet of paper to hand in. (10 pts. - complete sentences 0 pts. - verb form only) 1. Yo ________ (cantar) en el coro de la escuela. 2. No ___________ (vivir) en una casa. ________ (vivir) en un apartamento. 3. Frecuentamente __________ (comer) en un restaurante méxicano.

  26. En verano, cuando voy a la playa, siempre 4. ____________ (tomar) el sol. 5. ____________ (llevar) un traje de baño, gafas de sol, y un sombrero. 6. ____________ (usar) una bronceadora. 7. ___________ (leer) un libro. 8 ___________ (escribir) tarjetas postales. 9. ___________ (nadar) en el mar. 10. ____________ (descansar).

  27. Second person (you) Second person refers to the person the speaker of the sentence is speaking to, either alone (“you”) or in a larger group (“y’all”).

  28. In the Spanish spoken in Spain, the personal pronouns tú and vosotros are often used to address friends and family, but these again may be omitted.

  29. tú (familiar) In addition, the Spanish language also differentiates between familiar intimacy of family and friends and formal situations which require a show of respect in its usage of second person pronouns and verb forms. usted (formal)

  30. Ejercicio 2 How would you address the following people in conversation? On a sheet of paper to hand in, write tú or usted as appropriate. (possible 10 pts.). 1. tu maestro de español 6. tu amiga Sara 2. tu mamá 7. tu perro Max 3. un policía 8. tu abuela 4. un niño 9. el presidente 5. un adulto desconocido 10. tu hermano

  31. If the speaker is talking to another person about that person the verb must have the second person singular ending attached to it. When talking to family and friends, this form is formed by adding either -as or -esto the stem of the verb.

  32. The stem of the verb is formed by removing -ar / -er/ or -ir from the infinitive form of the verb. habl com viv hablas comes vives hablar comer vivir The second person singular verb endingis then attached to this stem.

  33. Present Tense of Regular Verbs Sg. -ar -er -ir 1st yo hablo como vivo 2nd tú hablas comes vives usted 3rd él / ella habla come vive Study this chart before you continue.

  34. Present Tense of Regular Verbs Sg. -ar -er -ir 1st yo hablo como vivo 2nd tú hablas comes vives usted 3rd él / ella habla come vive

  35. usted (formal) tú (familiar) Remember, however, that Spanish language differentiates between familiar and formal situations in its usage of second person pronouns and verb forms. The -as and -es endings are used only with the familiar tú form.

  36. usted (formal) tú (familiar) The formal usted form is a second person singular form of address used to show respect. Its ending always corresponds with the third person forms of the verb. Add -a to the verb stem for -ar verbs and and -e for -er and -ir verbs.

  37. Present Tense of Regular Verbs Study this chart before you continue. Sg. -ar -er -ir 1st yo hablo como vivo 2nd tú hablas comes vives usted habla come vive 3rd él / ella habla come vive

  38. Present Tense of Regular Verbs Sg. -ar -er -ir 1st yo hablo como vivo 2nd tú hablas comes vives usted habla come vive 3rd él / ella habla come vive

  39. usted (formal) tú (familiar) Probably the most common usage of the second person singular familiar and formal verb forms is its usage in questions which can be answered yes or no. You ask a question using the tú or usted form and that person answers your question using the yo form of the verb. Unlike English usage, you do not need to use helping verbs like “are” or “do” in your quesiton.

  40. Ejercicio 3 Ana is talking to various people and asking them about what they do in their free time. Change the verb form of her question to appropriate 2nd person singular form in each of the following sentences. Use the tú form when Ana is speaking to her friends or a member of her family and the usted form of the verb if she is speaking to an adult. Then answer each question using the yo form of the verb..

  41. Señor Rodriguez, ¿ (alquilar) un video hoy? Si, Ana, yo.... Read the correct answers out loud to yourself before checking your answer.

  42. Señor Rodriguez, ¿alquila (usted) un video hoy? Si, Ana, yo aquilo un video hoy.

  43. Pepito, ¿(tomar) una siesta esta tarde? Si, Ana, yo ....

  44. Pepito, ¿tomas (tú) una siesta esta tarde? Si, Ana, yo tomo una siesta esta tarde.

  45. Señora Sanchez, ¿(calificar) los examenes esta noche? Si, Ana, yo...

  46. Señora Sanchez, ¿califica (usted) los examenes esta noche? Si, Ana, yo califico los examenes esta noche....

  47. Isabel, ¿le (escribir) una carta a Tere ahora? Si, Ana, yo le...

  48. Isabel, ¿le escribes una carta a Tere ahora? Si, Ana, yo le escribo una carta a Tere ahora...

  49. Silvia, ¿(practicar) el piano ahora? Si, Ana, yo...

  50. Silvia, ¿ practicas el piano ahora? Si, Ana, yo practico el piano ahora....