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Types of Financial institutions

Types of Financial institutions

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Types of Financial institutions

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  1. Types of Financial institutions

    CH 7: 7.1 Standard 061
  2. Financial Institutions Deposit (banks) Non Deposit (non banks) Commercial banks Savings and loan Credit unions Internet banks Mutual fund companies Brokerage firms Payday loan Check cashing outlets Pawnshop
  3. DEPOSIT:commercial banks Run for profit Usually offer a wide variety of services do not always have the best interest rates (on both investments or loans) offers traditional banking services like checking, savings, mortgage and other loans (both secured and unsecured)
  4. DEPOSIT:savings and loans specializes in savings deposits and loans (especially mortgages) may offer other traditional banking services, but majority of lending must come from the above mentioned items may offer better interest rates (on both investments and loans) depositors are “mutually invested,” meaning they can vote about the goals of the organization usually locally owned
  5. DEPOSIT:credit union non profit member owned typically have better interest rates than other deposit institutions offer many of the same traditional banking services (like checking and savings accounts) often members share something in common (ie. Occupation, etc.)
  6. DEPOSIT:internet banks no traditional “brick-and-mortar” branch lower overhead costs allow for better interest rates
  7. NON-DEPOSIT:Mutual Fund Company(investment companies) may offer ability to write checks against investments (usually limited amount), often called a money market account (MMA/MMDA) required deposit amount is typically higher than a standard checking account not covered by FDIC often has higher interest rate on investments made
  8. NON-DEPOSIT:Brokerage Firms Used to invest in stocks and securities
  9. NON-DEPOSIT:Payday Loans &Check Cashing Outlets short term, SUPER high interest loans (can be up to 390%!!) some are fee based try to avoid these at all costs! Check Cashing: can often be done at convenience stores, post office may also find this service offered at payday loan locations 1%-3% fee for cashing you are better off opening a checking account and cashing your check for free
  10. NON-DEPOSIT:Pawnshops will make a loan on your possession, charging an equivalent interest rate of up to 60%
  11. Banks are for bucks Banks want to earn a profit Benefit of banks? Your money is safer there than in your mattress Potential increase in purchasing power Regulation (which offers you greater protection) FDIC
  12. Benefits of banks (cont’d) Borrowing is easier (you don’t have to know a “saver” to get a loan) Transactions are smoother (it’s tough to barter your way to what you want)
  13. A word about money and checks Here in the U.S. we use currency, checks, and electronic transfers to make purchases. Checks are: Safer than currency Convenient Offers you a record of your transaction (think of your bank statement)