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Michel GIOT Université catholique de Louvain and SCK•CEN , Belgium m ichel.giot@uclouvain.be PowerPoint Presentation
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Michel GIOT Université catholique de Louvain and SCK•CEN , Belgium m ichel.giot@uclouvain.be

Michel GIOT Université catholique de Louvain and SCK•CEN , Belgium m ichel.giot@uclouvain.be

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Michel GIOT Université catholique de Louvain and SCK•CEN , Belgium m ichel.giot@uclouvain.be

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  1. TRASNUSAFETraining Schemes on Nuclear Safety Culture FP7Euratom - Grant agreement no.: 249674 Michel GIOT Universitécatholique de Louvain and SCK•CEN, Belgium michel.giot@uclouvain.be SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  2. TRASNUSAFE • is part of the response to the needs for a EU industrial nuclear policy: see the recent report: EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Brussels, 16.9.2011, COM(2011) 563 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL 1ST SITUATION REPORT ON EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN THE NUCLEAR ENERGY FIELD IN THE EUROPEAN UNION SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  3. Contents • Objectives of the Project • Structure of the Project • Participants • Roles of the two User Groups • Pilot sessions: EUROCOURSES • Managerial competences in Nuclear Safety Culture • Analysis of the needs • Conclusions of the Brussels Workshop • Possible topics for “specialised modules” • Contribution to harmonisation of safety in EU • ECVET as a tool SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  4. Objectives of the Project • TRASNUSAFE aims at • designing, developing and validating • two training schemes on nuclear safety culture • with a common basis • for professionals operating at a high level of managerial responsibilities in nuclear installations. • One training scheme: related to the nuclear industry, • The other: related to the installations making use of ionising radiation based technology(mainly in short: the medical sector) SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  5. TRASNUSAFE Final goals of the two training schemes on nuclear safety culture: • Contribute to safety • Contribute to harmonisation of safety culture • as part of a comprehensive and recognised vocational E&T in the European Union SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  6. SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  7. SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  8. Three Participants from Romania • CNCAN: ComisiaNationalapentruControlulActivitatilorNucleare (head of User Group 2) • UPBUniversitateaPolitehnica din Bucuresti • SocietateaNationalaNuclearelectrica S.A. (Member User Group 1) SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  9. Role of the two User Groups • The members of the two User Groups come from Regulators, Industry, International Professional Associations • The leader of each User Group is member of the Project Coordination Committee • The Members of the User Groups give advise throughout the project, in particular on the relevance of the contents of the modules • They review the deliverables • They send (free of charge) a limited number of participants to the pilot sessions • They participate de facto in the international validation and recognition of the final product ECVET seminar 2, 11-01-21

  10. Five modules leading to five EUROCOURSES • One generic module + four specialised modules • The choice of topics of the specialised modules will be made based on the analysis of the needs • Constraint of time for each course • Need to train the trainers (coaches) ECVET seminar 2, 11-01-21

  11. Managerial competences needed • Leading a continuous collective effort to keep high level safety standards and to match the ALARA goals: • at all steps of design, construction, operation and dismantling of nuclear installations, • including transport of fuel, waste, and other radioactive materials like medical radio-isotopes Such leadership is based on • Knowledge and understanding of safety issues and solutions • Expertise in radiation protection • Knowledge and understanding of regulation • Managerial skills • Spirit of questioning, investigating, searching, assessing SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  12. Response of TRASNUSAFE • It is not the aim of TRASNUSAFE to offer in depth training on scientific / technical subjects, nor on regulations. • Scientific /technical subjects and regulations will be rather considered as a prerequisite necessary for studying the implementation of a nuclear safety culture in a given professional environment. • The schemes will focus on the managerial skills through case studies, experience feedback, analysis of the communication between the internal actors, practical work in team, etc. SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  13. Systematic analysis of the needs in the EU OBJECTIVES • To obtain quantitative information of the provisional fluxes of managers in charge of safety that can be expected for general or specific trainings on nuclear safety culture • To obtain qualitative information on the characteristics of the potential trainees, their scientific background, their professional environment, their responsibilities, and their expectations SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  14. Methodology of the analysis of the needs • Questionnaire (120 replies over 450 persons invited to fill in the on-line questionnaire; 15 replies from Romania) • Contacts with national and international agencies including IAEA • Seminars with invited experts at five locations in Europe: Brussels, Bucharest, Madrid, London (?), Ljubljana SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  15. Who answered the questionnaire ? SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  16. Present training level SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  17. Importance of topics for generic module (1/2) SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  18. Importance of topics for generic module (2/2) SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  19. International recognition SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  20. Conclusions of the Brussels Workshop (1/3) • The need to develop the safety culture training specifically for (high) managerial level was recognized by all participants • This training is supplementary to the safety training given to the workforce in nuclear industry or in other sectors working with radioactive sources • While the latter safety training is work related, tuned to concrete working conditions and often organized by (and in) the companies, the safety culture training for managers approaches safety as a risk management issue • As such this safety culture training for managers is largely sector independent SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  21. Conclusions of the Brussels Workshop (2/3) • Content of the training • The training needs to address the ‘management perspective’ of safety culture, it will approach safety culture as a risk management challenge • The training will focus on the importance of a safety policy, ways to foster a good safety culture, management systems to manage the safety, tools to measure safety culture, consequences of inappropriate safety culture, … • To be successful, the training should use concepts from management sciences and adopt the ‘language’ of senior managers SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  22. Conclusions of the Brussels Workshop (3/3) • Content of the training • The general module of the TRASNUSAFE safety culture training starts from a universal approach to risk management: safety culture is a general challenge for organizations • But for organizations dealing with nuclear material and radioactive sources, the safety culture training also needs to include sector specific elements, such as • an overview of the safety systems generally implemented in the sector, and • an overview of the system of radiation protection, including attention for protection principles as optimization and justification, and techniques such as ALARA processes • More on the importance of these concepts in WP2 conclusions SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  23. Possible topics for specialised modules • 1) Human error reduction tool and organisation failures • 2) “Ethical” aspects of the radiological risk: Justification / optimisation of radiotherapy and doses to the patients, and the ways to implement the best practices in the hospitals • 3) Crisis management and nuclear safety culture: This includes the communication process and contents. It can be designed for the medical sector and/or for the industrial sector, and involves all providers of information, thus including the regulators. • 4) Setting up a management system • 5) Nuclear safety culture in research facilities. This module would be designed for safety managers of research institutions housing an accelerator, a research reactor or a radiochemistry / radiobiology department. • 6) Economics of safety culture • 7) Nuclear safety in transport of radioactive materials • 8) Compliance of contractors with safety systems • 9) Others: specify. SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  24. Contribution to harmonisation of safety TRASNUSAFE will contribute to harmonisation of safety if • the result of the project is a set of training courses of high quality • clear learning outcomes • relevant contents, • adequate pedagogical supports, • trans-cultural, • proved efficient on a significant set of individuals, • include a control of acquired competences (ECVET) and if • there is a form of recognition by the regulators (at least several regulators). SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011

  25. TRASNUSAFE, as part of a comprehensive and recognised Vocational Education & Training • ECVET as a tool • Needs a clear formulation of the learning outcomes • A quality assurance of the learning process (the training) (EQAVET) • A control of the acquired competences adapted to this particular type of training giving credit (points). SIEN 2011 W6 Bucharest 19 Oct. 2011