Computers in Pharmacy Jenna Foster April 24, 2008
Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον 'pharmakos' = drug) is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences, and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of medication
History of Pharmacy • 754: the first drugstores were opened by Muslim pharmacists in Baghdad • Chinese and Japanese medicinal practices stem back to this same time period • 1970s: first generation of pharmacy-specific computer technology to retail and hospital pharmacies
Internet Pharmacies • Since about the year 2000, a growing number of Internet pharmacies have been established worldwide. Many of these pharmacies are similar to community pharmacies, and in fact, many of them are actually operated by brick-and-mortar community pharmacies that serve consumers online and those that walk in their door. The primary difference is the method by which the medications are requested and received. Some customers consider this to be more convenient and private method rather than traveling to a community drugstore where another customer might overhear about the drugs that they take. Internet pharmacies (also known as Online Pharmacies) are also recommended to some patients by their physicians if they are homebound.
Pharmacy Informatics • Aka pharmacoinformatics • the application of computers to the storage, retrieval and analysis of drug and prescription information. Pharmacy informaticists work with pharmacy information management systems that help the pharmacist make excellent decisions about patient drug therapies with respect to, medical insurance records, drug interactions, as well as prescription and patient information.
Nuclear Pharmacy • specialty area of pharmacy practice dedicated to the compounding and dispensing of radioactive materials for use in nuclear medicine procedures • Cyclotron: accelerate charged particles using a high-frequency, alternating voltage (potential difference). A perpendicular magnetic field causes the particles to spiral almost in a circle so that they re-encounter the accelerating voltage many times. • Particle accelerator
Other Electronic Applications • Electronic Prescription Refill Requests • Allow doctors to authorize refills without patients haviing to schedule in-office visits • Recently, computer systems that link patients with their control presctiptions, are undergoing implementation • Allows governmental regulation • Drug Manufacturing systems are controlled by computer systems, allowing easy ordering as well as a rolling inventory
Pharmacy Robotics • Video • http://youtube.com/watch?v=CDrwNw4m_H8
References • www.wikipedia.org • http://youtube.com/watch?v=CDrwNw4m_H8 • allpharmacyjobs.com/pet_net_jobs.htm