In official documents this country is named as The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. But people usually call it Great Britain because of the biggest island. The capital of the country is LONDON which was formed by ROMANS The common square of the country is 244,8 km. Geographical position
Англия - 50,431,700человек. Шотландия - 5,094,800человек. Уэльс- 2,958,600человек. . Северная Ирландия - 1,724,400человек. Численность населения Великобритании составляет 60,1 млн человек. England is the largest part. London is its capital. Scotland takes up one third of the territory of Great Britain. Edinburgh has been the capital since the 15th century. Wales became part of England in 1536. The capital of Wales ( or Cymry as they call themselves) is Cardiff. Northern Ireland is the smallest part. It occupies the northeast of the island of Ireland, only one-sixth of its territory. Its capital city is Belfast. Countries and capitals
The Union Jack • It is made up of three crosses: the cross of Saint George (England), the cross of Saint Andrew (Scotland), the cross of Saint Patrick (Ireland)
The Emblem The Anthem • God save our gracious Queenlong live our noble Queen,God save the Queen!Send her victorious,happy and glorious,long to reign over us:God save the Queen!O Lord our God arise,Strike down her enemies,And make them fall:Confound their politics,Frustrate their knavish tricks,On thee our hopes we fix:God save us all!Thy choicest gifts in storeon her be pleased to pour;long may she reign;may she defend our laws,and ever give us causeto sing with heart and voice"God save the Queen!"
Political system • The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch (a king or a queen) as its Head of State. The monarch reigns with the support of Parliament. Parliament consists of two chambers known as the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Parliament and the monarch have different roles in the government of the country, and they only meet together on symbolic occasions such as the coronation or the opening of Parliament. In reality, the House of Commons is only one of the three which has true power.
British Parliament • The House of Lords has more than 1,ooo members (only 250 take an active part in the work. • Members are not elected. • They debate a bill after it has been passed by the House of Commons. Ganges may be recommended and agreement is reached by negotiations. The House of Commons is made up of 650 elected members (MPs) It is here that new bills are introduced and debated. It is presided by the Speaker.
Each region of Great Britain differs of its national staff, historical and geographical peculiarities