It is now time to move what you have been learning into action in your life. (Not that you haven’t been.) This morning we will begin working on an intentional process that will make Mark yours.
You are here this morning because you are particularly serious about developing your faith. Sunday morning is for serious believers in our churches, leaders, and particularly passionate new believers!
The Mastering the Scriptures Collections • The actual process of “mastering the Scriptures” presumes the first principles. The Gospelsseries begins the collections, and the rest are ideally studied in the order listed below. • Prerequisites: • The First Principles Series,establishing the churches in the teaching (the Didache) • The Gospels: Solidifying the Kerygmatic Communities
Series 1: The Gospels From Mastering the Scriptures Collections • Book 1: The Gospels: Solidifying the Kerygmatic Communities • Book 2: Mark: The New Community Announced • Book 3: Matthew: I Will Build My Church • Book 4: Luke–Acts: All That Jesus Accomplished • Book 5: John: The World Will Know We Are One
Book 1: The Gospels Solidifying the New Kerygmatic Communities Session 1: From Jesus to the Gospels Session 2: Greco-Roman Biography Session 3: Intent of the Gospels Session 4: Announcing His New Community Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives
Book 2: The Gospel of Mark Announcing the New Community Session 1: The Intention of Mark Session 2: Jesus’ Miracles and Parables Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching: Explaining the Kingdom of God Session 4: The Heart of the Kerygma Story Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives
Session 1: The Intention of Mark • Study the Scriptures • Putting it all together then, Mark’s intention for his Gospel, though rather complex, looks like this: • Mark set out to write an eyewitness account based on Peter (yet in his own writing), in Greco-Roman biographical form, which, in light of Peter's letters, was intended at first reading to stabilize the Jewish churches, with clear prophetic awareness that this would be read by all churches (and used by those churches as an eyewitness apologetic as well), thus it ultimately had the wider audience in mind.
Session 1: The Intention of Mark • Study the Scriptures • By using a "kerygmatic" narrative structure (consistent with the Greco-Roman biographical form, "bios” • 1:1–13 Preparation and beginnings • 1:14–3:6 Ministry in Galilee • 3:7–6:6 Call of disciples and ministry • 6:7–8:26 Mission and blindness of disciples • 8:27–10:52 Journey to Jerusalem • 11–13 Ministry in Jerusalem • 14–16.8 Last Supper, Passion, and Resurrection • By integrating several theological “kerygmatic” themes clearly laid out by Jesus, though not understood until after the Spirit came, the Church unfolded, and all the clear teaching of Jesus was delivered: • the kingdom, with its mystery element • Jesus’ coming death and resurrection • the new community
Session 2: Miracles and Parables • Study the Scriptures • Both the miracles and the parables played a very specific role in Jesus’ proclamation of the kingdom. • Miracles—They established Jesus’ authority; they were used to increasingly raise the question of His authority on all fronts across his 3½-year ministry. • Parables—They hid important details of His message that the “kingdom of God is at hand” as He unfolded His plan, ultimately leading to his death. But he explained the parables privately to His disciples.
Session 2: Miracles and Parables Study the Scriptures Jesus’ miracles were not an illustration to us that Jesus met people’s needs, before insensitively sharing the gospel with them. Jesus’ parables were not intended to be an example to us that skillful teachers choose to use illustrations with uneducated people, rather than using an academic approach. But these implications are for exploring at another time.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching— Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures The kingdom is near, but the setting up of this kingdom would be totally different from what they expected. Further judgment was set up for the nation of Israel because of their current state. And only those who listened to Jesus and repented of their sin—arrogance, self-righteousness, lack of compassion, desire to rule and crush others, hatred of the Gentiles, etc.—would be saved form this coming judgment.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching—Explaining the Kingdom of God • Study the Scriptures • Entering the kingdom and avoiding the coming judgment on Israel required a child-like faith. What does that mean? • The one who repents and believes Jesus will enter the kingdom. • But no one can do it on their own, through the Jewish system set up by the nation. • The one scribe who asked about the greatest commandment was close. He realized that was more important than sacrifices—“you are not far.” • The implication is that one who has child-like faith, enters the kingdom now—because it is near—and the scribe was not far from it.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching— Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures In one sense, the kingdom has been inaugurated. Yet the day that the master will return and set up the kingdom, Jesus himself does not even know! But He will return, set up the kingdom, and enjoy the new covenant meal in the new kingdom.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching— Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures The secret of the kingdom? What is that? The parables reveal the first part of that secret. The kingdom will begin with the scattering of a few seeds, of which only a few take root. But they will grow into a vast kingdom. This growth will all precede the return of Christ. He will return to a huge harvest, a huge tree, multiplying fruit. This is what He was talking about when He referred to the new family He was creating.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching— Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures So what is the secret? The coming messiah is not the secret (300 prophecies). Nor that he would die for our sins (Songs of the Servant, Isaiah). Nor His return to set up the full global kingdom and restore the earth (Zechariah 14, Isaiah 40–66). But His new community is the secret—it was a mystery. It would be revealed and entrusted to the disciples.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching—Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures The Church is the mystery. The new community Christ was calling out to himself. It was a mystery, embedded in the parables, only to be fleshed out “between Jesus and the Gospels,” over a 30-year period. While the disciples, and their Jewish churches, thought that this new community would remain a remnant of Israel, through Paul, the full revelation of the mystery became complete.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching— Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures While some have said Christ is the mystery, this is not the case. The Church, this new community He began during his ministry, would become His bride. And as we shall see later in Revelation 21, His bride, the New Jerusalem, comes down from heaven and becomes the centerpiece of the kingdom of God. Then the earth and heavens are renewed, and the kingdom is fully complete.
Session 3: Jesus’ Teaching— Explaining the Kingdom of God Study the Scriptures The church then is the “tangible kingdom” in this phase of the kingdom. The kingdom is here. It has arrived. It is in the form of His new community, for which a plan is carefully designed to “stun” the watching world, even the heavenly “rulers and authorities.” An amazing plan, for carefully designed kerygmatic communities—churches—to multiply worldwide into His new community, the Church.
Session 4: The Heart of the Kerygma Story • Study the Scriptures • Common elements in each section • (Mark 8:31; 9:30–31; 10:32–34) • Son of man • Would undergo a great experience • Rejected, betrayed, and handed over • Mocked, spat upon, flogged, and killed • After 3 days He would stand up—rise again
Session 4: The Heart of the Kerygma Story • Study the Scriptures • Mark is a very tight kerygmatic statement • Sets tight narrative around the statement • Sticks to the framework • A defense of Paul’s statement (handed down) • A defense of Peter’s kerygmatic sermons • As to the churches • Confirms the statement delivered to the churches • Gives a broader context to the statements • Gives churches full confidence in the statement delivered to them
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Study the Scriptures 19 So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 20And they went out and proclaimed the good news everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the message by the signs that accompanied it.]] Mark 16:19–20
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community • Study the Scriptures • The essence of the commission, Mark 16:16: • “Go into all the world and proclaim the good news to the whole creation.” • Then in Mark 16:20: • “And they went out and proclaimed the good news everywhere.” • 2 times – “proclaimed the good news” – THINK BACK
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Study the Scriptures 4 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came to Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God, 15 and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near; repent, and believe in the good news.” Mark 1:14–15 Here both words are in the same phrase “proclaiming the good news.” Proclaiming = kerygma Good news = gospel Note: It also includes “the kingdom of God has come near”—this is part of the good news.
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Study the Scriptures They went out and “proclaimed the good news.” This is where the whole book started. Only now the “proclamation of the good news”—the kerygma—had shape. Jesus came to earth. Did good, miracles. Died, buried, resurrected. Everyone who believes will be saved.
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Study the Scriptures So He began his ministry “proclaiming the good news.” Then He gave shape to the good news with His death, burial, and resurrection. Now His followers are to take this good new to the entire world. BUT IT TOO NEEDS TO INCLUDE THE KINGDOM AS PART OF THE GOOD NEWS!
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community • Study the Scriptures • One of the distinctivesof Mark: • Progression in “brothers and sisters” (3:31–34; 10:28–31) • His real family includes those who join him in the kingdom community. • Those who choose to do so will have to leave their families and heritage. • This family will multiply in the kingdom. • In the future, they will have eternal life.
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community • Study the Scriptures • Proclaiming the good news (the whole kingdom proclamation) • The kingdom of God has arrived through Christ launching His new community, the Church. • Anyone can become part of this new community, the tangible kingdom, by embracing the message (the Jesus story) and becoming a follower of Jesus (compare to the formulaic-type kerygmatic statement). • We are now part of the spontaneous expansion of the gospel (this good news, this message), which takes place through forming and multiplying networks of small, authentic communities of faith. • These networks of communities will continue to grow worldwide until Christ returns and fully sets up His kingdom with the entire Church as His centerpiece—His bride!
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community • Study the Scriptures • This is the kingdom message! • This is the proclamation! • This is the good news! • beginning in Jerusalem • to the entire world • from the East to the West
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community Study the Scriptures This is the mystery of the kingdom! This is the mustard seed that will grow huge! This is the family that will grow a hundredfold! This is the tangible kingdom of earth awaiting His return!
Session 5: Commissioning His New Community • Study the Scriptures • The churches to which Mark is writing were now beginning to understand the nature of that global enterprise. • It truly was to go to the entire world. • Those who did not believe would not be saved from the judgment. • The coming judgment (or the one that just happened, see Mark 13) on nonbelieving Israel was predicted.
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives • Committing Your Heart • Reflection, Personal Journaling, and Prayer • What happened in your life because of your work in each session? • What new convictions have you developed? What have you seen God begin to do in your life? • Are there areas that you wish you had followed through on more fully? What affected you most? What convicted you most? What excited you most?
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives • Committing Your Heart • Reflection, Personal Journaling, and Prayer • How has your understanding of Mark changed? • How has your understanding of the Gospel become more complete? • What are the implications in your life as you contemplate being part of the kingdom that Christ inaugurated—the birth and multiplication of His kerygmatic communities, His Church?
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives Committing Your Heart Reflection, Personal Journaling, and Prayer Your thoughts on the implications in your life as you contemplate being part of the kingdom of God, which Christ inaugurated, expressed in the birth and multiplication of His kerygmatic communities, His Church.
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives • Committing Your Mind • Forming Clear Convictions and Memorizing Scripture • What was the intention of Mark? • How does Mark validate the kerygma—the statement of the gospel proclaimed and handed down to the churches by the Apostles? • What is the essence of the gospel now to be proclaimed by the churches?
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives • Committing Your Mind • Forming Clear Convictions and Memorizing Scripture • Summarize your studies concerning the importance of the “intent of Mark”; identify the key “kerygmatic themes” woven through Mark; and complete your convictions with a kerygmatic statement, expanded to include the whole kingdom proclamation.
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives • Committing Your Life • Decisions, Personal Projects and Life Habits • Do you really understand the gospel—the kerygmatic statement handed down by the Apostles to the churches? • Can you state it, including the fuller statement that includes the whole kingdom proclamation? • Is your life fully oriented toward being a vital part of Christ’s new kerygmatic communities, understanding that these communities are the tangible expression of the kingdom of God on earth at this time?
Session 6: Reshaping Our Lives Committing Your Life Decisions, Personal Projects and Life Habits