Outreach Worker’s PowerPointSafety Trainingfor Outreach Workers • “Identify and Control • The Hazards We Face in Serving Others” • LFMartin, WWGreaves, JSchultz. September, 2007 • This material was produced by a collaboration between the • Medical College of Wisconsin and the Wisconsin Council on Occupational Safety and Health, • funded by OSHA Susan Harwood grant DL-46E5-HT07, Leslie F. Martin, MD, MPH, Medical College of Wisconsin, Principal Investigator. Use or adaptation of this document is permitted and encouraged and does not require consent. It is requested that the authors and the OSHA Susan Harwood grant program be acknowledged.These materials can be down-loaded from www.mcw.edu/outreachsafetytraining . .
Disclaimer:This material was produced under grant number DL-46E5-HT07 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
For Life-Threatening Emergencies:Call 9-1-1 • First tell where you are!
Emergency Response • Know Emergency Response Plans for fire and other disasters and emergencies. • In a large disaster, the National Incident Management System “NIMS” may coordinate the response.
Our Mission: • (Our Organization’s Mission:… ) • (Serve others while staying safe!)
Falls Struck by or against Overexertion Motor vehicle Cuts, lacerations, punctures Assaults Bites, stings Unintentional Poisoning Infection Dysfunctional psychological stress Other Other transport Outreach Work is Hazardous: Leading Causes of Injury and Illness National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Adapted.
There Are Five Main Hazard Categories • Chemical • Ergonomic • Biological • Physical • Psychological
…and Three Main Ways to Control Hazards • Elimination • Safe Work Practices • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Chemical Hazards:Substances that can harm someone exposed to their chemical properties.Examples • Cleansers • Pesticides • Automotive products • Painting or gardening products • Medications
Chemical Hazards: • How are we exposed? • Inhaling • Swallowing • Getting on skin • How are we hurt? • Irritation/corrosion • Poisoning/allergy • Burning/explosion
Globally Harmonized System of Classification of Chemicals (GHS)“Pictograms and Hazard Classes” • See: The Safety Training Guide, or • http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html
Chemical Hazards: Controls • Elimination • Eliminate, contain, or change the chemical • Safe Work Practices • Read labels and Material Safety Data Sheets. • Don’t mix • Dispose of properly • Avoid eating near chemicals • Wash hands • Personal Protective Equipment • Gloves, goggles, respirator, shoes, apron...
Ergonomic Hazards:Activities or settings that can injure because the job does not fit the worker.Examples • Forceful, repetitive, awkward move • Tools that vibrate or require grip • Work with cold or sweaty hands • Overhead work • Poor lifting technique
Ergonomic Hazards • How are we exposed? • Job does not fit worker. • How are we hurt? • Muscle strains • Peritendonitis and tendonitis • Nerve or joint injuries • Back, skin or eye injuries
Ergonomic Hazards: Controls • Elimination • Eliminate or change the task or set-up • Safe Work Practices • Use proper lifting technique and get help • Push a load, don’t pull • Avoid forceful, sustained, awkward, repetitive movements • Rotate jobs • Personal Protective Equipment • Gloves, Glasses, Shoes with non-slip soles
Biological Hazards:Microbes, plants, and animal products that can cause infections and allergies.Examples • Bad food or water • Infectious blood or body fluids • Coughs, sneezes, skin infections • Molds, allergens, mites
Biological Hazards • How are we exposed? • Inhaling • Swallowing • Getting on or through skin • How are we hurt? • Infection • Allergy • Poisoning
Biological Hazards: Controls • Elimination • Use safer needles • Safe Work Practices • Wash hands, use cough etiquette • Personal Protective Equipment • Gloves, respirators
Physical Hazards:Persons, places, or things that can harm those exposed to their physical properties.Examples • Radiation, heat or cold, electricity, noise, explosions • Aggressive animals or people • Cars • Slippery broken steps • Unguarded machines
Physical Hazards • How are we exposed? • Mechanical contact with the body • Breathing • Irradiation • How are we hurt? • Cuts, bumps, strains, fractures • Lung problems • Burns
Falls Struck by or against Motor vehicle crashes Cuts, lacerations, punctures Assaults Bites, stings Many Leading Causes of Injury and Illness are Physical Hazards
Physical Hazards: Controls • Elimination: • Get automatic lift device. • Safe work practices: • Know your route, avoid speeding, drive defensively, buckle-up. • Personal Protective Equipment: • Straw hat, hard hat, ear plugs, glasses, respirator.
Psychological Hazards:Stressors that can cause dysfunctional psychological reactions. Examples • Fatigue • Threat of violent attack • Being unable to help enough • Seeing disturbing situations • Being isolated
Psychological Hazards • How are we exposed? • Exposure to stressors (fatigue,noise…) • Perceptions of threats or of lack of control or of being alone • How are we hurt? • Psychological vulnerability due to exposure to stressors. • Psychological reactions to stressors and perceptions.
Psychological Hazards: Controls • Elimination • Safe Work Practices • Get rest and exercise, take a break. • Know what is “normal”. • Talk with others, get counseling if necessary. • Find comfort in faith, family, community. • Personal Protective Equipment • Earplugs
Respiratory Hazards:Chemical, biological, or physical hazards that can harm by being breathed. • Examples: Asbestos dust, Influenza virus, Pollen, Benzene vapors, Hot or cold air… • How are we exposed and hurt: Breathing. (→ infections, allergies, poisoning, and irritation and damage to lungs). • Ways to control: • Elimination: substitute a different product. • Safe work practices: avoiding making dust, improve ventilation, stay away. • Personal protective equipment: respirators.
Respiratory Protection Plan • Possible exposures to biological hazards like tuberculosis, or to physical or chemical respiratory hazards, may require a Respiratory Protection Plan.
Identify Hazards: • Remember All Hazard Categories • Plan Ahead (Do Job Hazard Analysis!!) • Stay Alert (Use All Your Senses!!) • Look • Listen • Smell • Taste • Touch • “6th Sense”
Control Hazards • Elimination • Safer Work Practices • Personal Protective Equipment
Job Hazard Analysis: • A method to identify and control hazards…. preferably before they occur.
Job Hazard Analysis:6 Basic Steps • 1. List the jobs with highest likelihood of illness or injury. • 2.Break jobs into simple tasks (avoid detail). • 3.List environments and situations in which tasks are done.
Job Hazard Analysis:(6 Basic Steps Continued) • 4.List the hazards that happen often or are bad. • 5.List ways to control the hazards. • 6.Prioritize your plan. Who will do what, and when, and check results?
Job Hazard AnalysisSample Scenario: An outreach worker drives into an unfamiliar community at 4 PM in winter to make a home visit.Note: This is provided as an example, not as a recommendation.
Job Hazard AnalysisScenario: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
When you identify serious hazards, take action to control them. Then check that it worked.
Break into groups. Pick a job scenario. Fill in a Job Hazard Analysis form. 1. List a job with high likelihood of illness or injury. 2. Break job into simple tasks (avoid detail). 3. List task environments and situations. 4. List hazards that are likely or severe. 5. List ways to control the hazards. 6. Prioritize. Who will do what, when, and check results? Report back: Your Scenario, Hazards, Controls and Priority Plan Break-out Session(10 minutes)
Supervisor Safety and health team Internet (See OSHA internet links in the “Guide”www.mcw.edu/outreachsafetytraining, or http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3122.html) Resource List(For help identifying and controlling hazards)
Summary • Outreach work can be unpredictable. • Do Job Hazard Analysis. • Identify hazards: Chemical, Ergonomic, Biological, Physical, and Psychological hazards. • Control hazards: Elimination, Safe work practices, and Personal Protective Equipment. • Follow your policies and emergency response plan: Be safe!
Please: • Complete and hand in your Quiz and Evaluation Form. • And get your Attendance Certificate! Questions??? Thank you!