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Root Words

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Root Words

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  1. Root Words Week 1

  2. 1. aud, aus • Definition: hear, listen • Class Examples: • Audible- able to be heard • Auditorium- the part of a theater, concert hall, or other public building in which the audience sits • Audio- sound, esp. when recorded, transmitted, or reproduced • Audition- an interview for a particular role or job as a singer, actor, dancer, or musician, consisting of a practical demonstration of the candidate's suitability and skill • Auditory- of or relating to the sense of hearing • Audience-the assembled spectators or listeners at a public event, such as a play, movie, concert, or meeting

  3. 2. loc, loco • Definition: Place • Classroom Examples: • Locality-a place and its surroundings • Locale-place where something happens or is supposed to happen • Location-a place fit for or having some particular use • Allocate-to divide and distribute for a special reason • Relocate-to move to a new location • Locomotion-the act or power of moving from place to place

  4. 3. belli • Definition: War • Class Examples: • Rebellion- an act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler • Belligerent- hostile and aggressive : a bull-necked, belligerent old man. • Bellicose- demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight : a group of bellicose patriots • Antebellum- occurring or existing before a particular war, esp. the American Civil War

  5. 4. ject • Definition: throw • Classroom Examples: • Deject-make sad or dispirited; depress • Inject- drive or force (a liquid, esp. a drug or vaccine) into a person or animal's body with a syringe or similar device • Project-a plan or scheme to do something • Eject-to throw out especially by physical force or authority • Object-a material thing that can be seen and touched • Abject-very low in spirit or hope • Conjecture-an opinion or judgment based on little or no evidence

  6. 5. pel, puls • Definition: drive, urge • Classroom Examples: • compel – force to do • dispel – drive away • expel – force to leave • repel – reject; fight off • propel – drive forward • pulse – throbbing of arteries as blood propels • pulsate – expand and contract with regular movement • compulsory – required by law • expulsion – act of forcing to leave • impulse – sudden, strong urge to act

  7. 6. lau, lav, lot, lut • Definition: Wash • Classroom Examples: • Launder-to wash or wash and iron clothing or household linens • Lavatory-a small sink with running water and toilets • Lotion-a thick, smooth liquid designed to be applied to the skin for medicinal or cosmetic purposes • Ablution-washing oneself especially as a religious rite • Dilute-to make thinner or more liquid by adding in and mixing something

  8. 7. cap, cip, cept • Definition: Take • Classroom Examples: • Capable-having the ability, fitness, or quality necessary to do or achieve a specified thing • Capacity-the maximum amount that something can contain • Capture-take into one's possession or control by force • Reciprocate-to give and take mutually • Accept-consent to receive something offered • Except-not including • Forceps-a pair of pincers or tweezers used in surgery or in a laboratory

  9. 8. brev • Definition: Short • Class Examples: • Abbreviate-shorten (a word, phrase, or text) • Brevity-concise and exact use of words in writing or speech; shortness of time • Brief-of short duration

  10. 9. grad, gress • Definition: Step, go • Classroom Examples: • Grade-to make level or evenly sloping • Gradual-moving or changing by slight degrees • Graduate-a holder of an academic degree or diploma • Graduated (in steps, degrees)-move up to a more advanced level or position • Progress-forward or onward movement toward a destination • Regress-return to a former or less developed state

  11. 10. here, hes • Definition: stick • Classroom Examples: • Adhere-to stick by or as if by gluing, suction, grasping, or melting or believe in and follow the practices of • Cohere-be united; form a whole • Cohesion-the action or state of sticking together

  12. Root Words Week 2

  13. 1. luc, lum, lus, lun • Definition: light • Classroom Examples: • Translucent-not transparent but clear enough to allow light to pass through • Lumen-the unit of luminous flux in the International System, equal to the amount of light given out through a solid angle • Luminary-a source of light; or a person who inspires or influences others • Luster-a shine or sheen especially from reflected light • Lucent-glowing with or giving off light • Lucid-expressed clearly; easy to understand

  14. 2. join, junct • Definition: join • Classroom Examples: • Adjoining-to add or attach by joining • Enjoin-to direct or urge (someone) to do something • Juncture-an instance of joining or connecting • Conjunction-a word or expression that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words • Injunction-a court order commanding or forbidding the doing of some act

  15. 3. graph, gram • Definition: write, written • Classroom Examples: • Graph-a diagram that shows (as by dots or lines) the change in one variable in comparison with one or more variables • Graphic-visual art involving drawing, engraving, or lettering; giving a vivid picture with explicit detail • Photography-the art or practice of taking and processing photographs • Autograph-a person's signature written by hand • Graphite-a soft shiny black carbon that is used in making lead pencils • Phonograph-a record player • Bibliography-a list of the books referred to in a scholarly work • Telegram-a message sent by telegraph and then delivered in written or printed form

  16. 4. sacr, sanc, secr • Definition: sacred • Classroom Examples: • sacred – connected with God or dedicated to a religious purpose • sacrosanct – regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with • sanction – give official approval or permission for; a threatened penalty for disobeying a law • consecrate – to make or declare sacred; to dedicate to a religious or divine purpose • desecrate – treat a sacred place or thing with violent disrespect; violate

  17. 5. pon, pos, pound • Definition: place, put • Classroom Examples: • postpone – cause to take place at a later time; after • component – a part of a larger whole • opponent – someone placed against someone else • proponent – a person in support of something • expose – make visible by uncovering • impose – to force something unwelcome or unfamiliar in place • posture – a position of a person’s body; to behave in a way intended to mislead others • impound – seize and take legal custody • expound – to present and explain in detail

  18. 6. phil • Definition: love • Classroom Examples: • philanthropy – effort to increase the well-being of humankind through aid, charity, etc. • philharmonic – devoted to or appreciative of music • bibliophile – lover, collector of books • Philadelphia – city of brotherly love • Philosophy – love and pursuit of wisdom

  19. 7. bio • Definition: Life • Class Examples: • Biography-an account of someone's life written by someone else. • Biopsy-an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease • Biology-the study of living organisms

  20. 8. auto, aut • Definition: Self • Class Examples: • Automobile- a road vehicle, typically with four wheels, powered by an internal combustion engine • Autograph- a signature, esp. that of a celebrity written as a memento for an admirer • Automatic-working by itself with little or no direct human control • Autobiography- an account of a person's life written by that person • Author-a writer of a book, article, or report

  21. 9. carn • Definition: Flesh • Classroom Examples: Carnivorous-an animal feeding on other animals • Incarnate- embodied in flesh; in human form • Reincarnation-the rebirth of a soul in a new body

  22. 10. ced, ceed, cede, cess • Definition: move, yield, go, surrender • Classroom Examples: • Procedure-an established or official way of doing something • Proceed-begin or continue a course of action • Cede-give up (power or territory) • Concede-admit that something is true or valid after first denying or resisting it • Intercede-intervene on behalf of another • Precede-come before (something) in time • Recede-go or move back or further away from a previous position • Secede-withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization • Success-the accomplishment of an aim or purpose

  23. Root Words Week 3

  24. 1. log, logo, -ology • Definition: word, study, speech • Classroom Examples: • Catalog-a list of names, titles, or articles arranged according to a system • Prologue-an introduction to a book or play • Dialogue-a conversation between two or more persons • Logogram-a sign or character representing a word or phrase, such as those used in shorthand and some writing systems • Zoology-a branch of biology concerned with the animal kingdom and animal life • Psychology-the science or study of mind and behavior

  25. 2. greg • Definition: herd, group, crowd • Classroom Examples: • Gregorian-a calendar introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 and adopted in Great Britain and the American colonies in 1752 • Congregation-a group of people assembled for religious worship • Segregate-separate or divide (people, activities, or institutions) along racial, sexual, or religious lines • Gregarious-fond of company; sociable

  26. 3. phon • Definition: sound • Classroom Examples: • phonograph – record player • Phonetic – relating to speech sounds • symphony – elaborate instrumental composition • telephone

  27. 4. scrib, script • Definition: write • Classroom Examples: • scribe – a person who copies out documents; one who writes • scribble – write or draw carelessly or hurriedly • inscribe – to write, print, carve, or engrave on a surface • describe – to give an account in detail through words • manuscript – a text that has not yet been published • prescribe – to advise or authorize the use of something in writing

  28. 5. plac, plais • Definition: to please, to make happy • Classroom Examples: • placid – calm and peaceful with little movement or activity; not easily upset • placebo - A harmless substance that has no therapeutic effect, used as a control in testing new drugs. • placate – to make someone less angry or hostile • Complacent – contented to a fault; self-satisfied and unconcerned

  29. 6. sent, sens • Definition: feel • Classroom Examples: • consent - permission for something to happen • resent – to feel bitterness about something • dissent – to differ in opinion or feeling • sentimental – dealing with feelings of tenderness, sadness, or nostalgia • sense – a faculty by which the body perceives an external stimulus • sensory – of or relating to the senses • dissension – disagreement that leads to discord

  30. 7. prehend • Definition: seize • Classroom Examples: • apprehend – to seize and arrest • comprehend – to grasp mentally; understand • comprehensive – wide ranging; complete

  31. 8. caus, caut • Definition: burn, heat • Classroom Examples: • Caustic-able to burn, destroy, or eat away by chemical action • Cauldron-a large metal pot with a lid and handle, used for cooking over an open fire • Cauterize-burning the skin or flesh of (a wound) with a heated instrument or caustic substance, typically to stop bleeding or prevent the wound from becoming infected

  32. 9. reg, recti • Definition: straighten • Classroom Examples: • regiment – organize according to a strict pattern; a permanent unit of an army • regular – arranged in a constant or definite pattern • rectify – put something right; correct • correct – free from error; to put right • direct – extending or moving from one direction to another by the shortest way possible • rectangle – a plane figure with four straight sides

  33. 10. chron • Definition: Time • Classroom Examples: • Chronological-relating to the establishment of dates and time sequences • Chronometer-an instrument for measuring accurate time in spite of motion or variations in temperature, humidity, and air pressure • Synchronize-cause to occur or operate at the same time or rate • Chronicle-a factual written account of important or historical events in the order of their occurrence