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Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices PowerPoint Presentation
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Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices

Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices

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Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices

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  1. Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices Mary Ellsberg, Ph.D. Vice President, Health and Development mellsberg@icrw.org

  2. Study led by PATH under contract to AUSAIDMary Ellsberg, formerly of PATH Chris Bradley, independent consultantAndrew Egan, AUSAIDAmy Haddad, AUSAID

  3. Participatory review of promising practices in GBV in Melanesia and East Timor • Goal is to contribute to evidence base on what works and what doesn’t in GBV programming based on experiences in Melanesia and East Timor • Provide lessons learned from the region and recommendations to AUSAID and governments for strengthening and scaling up support to promising interventions in the region

  4. What’s working and what’s not? • Innovative solutions- what contributed to their success? • Where are the gaps? • How to strengthen GBV work and scale up promising practices? • What lessons can be applied to other settings?

  5. Methodology • Document Review • Field visits of international team – 5-9 days per country • Interviews with key informants • Focus Group Discussions with a broad cross section of different individuals and sectors that come into contact with GBV issues and programs • Creation of Advisory Groups in each country

  6. Over 700 individuals participated • Focus groups and interviews with: • Magistrates, public solicitors, police • Women’s crisis centers, churches, women activists • Government officials (MoH, MSW, MWA) • Donors, UN agencies, INGOs • Community men and women, youth groups, beneficiaries of programs

  7. Participatory methods used • Free listing and ranking • Timelines • Open ended stories • Venn Diagrams • Organizational mapping

  8. What do we need to change?

  9. Venn Diagram

  10. Who can help Leila? (domestic violence case) Venn diagram by FWCC staff, Suva Police the women come here after they’ve tried everything else Give her counseling, and discuss if she feels safe to go home, or back to her relatives. If she’s badly bruised, We take her to the government hospital for a medical report. Some women come in and say they’ve been to the police so many times and nothing has happened. Crisis Center Church Groups LEILA Friend They will talk about the marriage vows: “Till death do us part”. FAMILY Someone nearby who she trusts, who will listen to her… but she might tell her just think of their children, think of her family Hospital They do the examination and medical report, some doctors do give them some counselling and tell them it’s their right to not be beaten. The Family might be helpful at first and take her in for a short while. But after that, reconciliation comes in and the husband comes around and they all want her to go back to him.” “His whole family might come with him and ask for her to go back, and she can’t refuse”

  11. The Road TraveledThe history of work on VAW in Vanuatu (Timelines) 1999 Family Protection Bill submitted (still not passed) 1980 Independence of Vanuatu from France and England women allowed and encouraged to vote 1985 Nairobi Conference 1995 CEDAW and CRC ratified 2006 Women’s national Plan developed by DWA 1980 VNCW established 1992 VWCC established 1995 Setting up Department of Women’s affairs Chiefs ruling about women wearing trousers

  12. Stakeholder mapping

  13. international USP OXFAM RRRT NGOs Not involved CAVAWS Public solicitor Fiji women’s crisis center Vanuatu council of churches Goverments Pacific children’s program Judiciary chiefs Police Malvatumauri Council of chiefs Media PWNAVAW Vanuatu youth center Bilaterals AUSAID, NZD Education department Community legal center UNIFEM, UNAIDS, UNICEF, UNPFA VANGO Health department Dept womens affairs Local provincial government Church Who’s working on GBV in Vanuatu? Who’s missing? (stakeholder mapping)

  14. Developing a Blueprint for Action • Findings analyzed together with local researchers and TAG members in a regional workshop in PNG • Recommendations developed through consensus-based process • Report vetted by local TAG members

  15. Some final reflections…

  16. Local women’s leadership must be recognized and nurtured

  17. Working with traditional culture, not against it • Committees against Violence against Women (Vanuatu) works closely with traditional chiefs and encourages dialogue with formal justice system • Wan Smol Bag – theater group encourages reflection on meaning of local customs

  18. Engaging is new partnerships is critical for changing community norms • Church groups (Weavers) • Trauma and peace building activities (Kup Women for Peace, PNG, Sols) • Sports • Health sector • Schools

  19. Men and boys as allies…

  20. Sharing knowledge and experiences is key! • Beijing Conference • Visit of Puntos de Encuentro to East Timor • Pacific delegation to Rio Conference on Men and Boys