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Chapter 5 The Maya Collapses

Chapter 5 The Maya Collapses

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Chapter 5 The Maya Collapses

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  1. Chapter 5The Maya Collapses Sean, Andy, and Sandra

  2. History • Part of Micro America an ancient Native American region • First contact with Europeans came in 1502 • 1527 Spanish began to conquer Maya • Rediscovered in 1839 by American John Stephans

  3. Who were the Mayans? Water • Dug depressions and plugged leaks to collect rain water, what is now a modern day well. • Also used cenotes to gather fresh water

  4. Who were the MayansFood • Domesticated turkey, duck, and dog. • Hunted deer but eaten mostly by the rich • No large animals or protein rich vegetables were available • Grew corn and beans • Used Slash and Burn farming technique

  5. Interactions • Aztecs • Take land from them to grow more crops • Spanish • Bishop Diego de Landa, burned Maya manuscripts • Other Mayan tribes • Competed for resources

  6. The Height of Maya • Culturally and Agriculturally advance • Held kingdoms of populations up to 500,000 within a 2-3 day walk from palace • Pottery and writings discovered to be around from 1000 BC • Grew Fish and Turtles in flooded fields as an addition food source • Flooded fields to bring nutrients to soil faster

  7. Collapse • Humid climate made it hard to keep crops • Isolated kingdoms limited positive interaction and lead to major wars • Repetitive Draughts • So successful they failed • Outgrew environment • Kings sat back and watched their failure

  8. Precipitating Events • War with both Aztecs and other Maya tribes grew more and more frequent as they neared collapse. • Population growth caused the boundaries of different kingdoms to overlap.

  9. Five Points • Damaged Environment • Deforestation and erosion • Climate Change • Draught • Hostilities • Fought amongst themselves • Politics • Competition among kings and nobles that led to chronic war and erecting monuments instead of solving problems • Trade • Trade with external societies was not a factor because of their seclusion • They traded amongst themselves

  10. The Breakdown Over farming of land with growing population Expansion of Kingdom borders Poor soil War between tribes Dry Climate Collapse