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The Constitutional Convention of 1787: A New Government PowerPoint Presentation
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The Constitutional Convention of 1787: A New Government

The Constitutional Convention of 1787: A New Government

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The Constitutional Convention of 1787: A New Government

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  1. The Constitutional Convention of 1787: A New Government

  2. A New Government (Post War - 1787) • Articles of Confederation ... the First Constitution • Articles created a Confederation of States...a weak alliance of states. Reasons???

  3. Problems with the Confederation • Congress had no authority to make taxes or tariffs = NO $$$ • No National $$, only State $$ • Very Little Army (700 men) • No Supreme Court System • Major Changes to Articles required all 13 states approval

  4. Land Expansion • Ordinance of 1785 • Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Failure of the Confederation

  5. Leading up to Convention • Shays’ Rebellion (1786) • Failure of Articles • Annapolis Convention (1786)

  6. Philadelphia Convention • Purpose (Extra-Legal) • Delegates • Ben Franklin, G. Washington • NOT Present: T. Jefferson, J. Adams, P. Henry

  7. Preliminary Decisions • James Madison...“Father”

  8. Virginia Plan • 3 Branches • Bicameral Legislature • “Checks and Balances”

  9. Problems for Discussion • Democracy • LARGEv. smallStates • Slavery • Power of President

  10. The “New Jersey” Plan • The “Great Compromise” • The “3/5-ths Compromise” • Debate over the President

  11. Judicial Branch • National Supremacy Clause • Elastic Clause... “necessary and proper” • Bill of Rights...George Mason (VA)

  12. Ratification • Process • Federalists v. Antifederalists • Feds- J. Madison, A. Hamilton • AntiFeds- G. Mason, P. Henry • “The Federalist” Papers • Votes (1788) and Bill of Rights (1791)

  13. Independence Hall

  14. Interpretations of Framers • George Bancroft • Charles A. Beard • “An Economic Interpretation of the American Constitution

  15. United States Constitution A “Living” Document