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Devine Economic Plan Malik 2

Devine Economic Plan Malik 2. Wealth is a test Anam 165/Nahal 71. Not related to efforts Zumr 49. وَاللّهُ فَضَّلَ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ فِي الْرِّزْقِ And Allah has made some of you excel others in wealth. (Nahal 71).

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Devine Economic Plan Malik 2

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  1. Devine Economic Plan Malik 2 Wealth is a test Anam 165/Nahal 71 Not related to efforts Zumr 49 وَاللّهُ فَضَّلَ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ فِي الْرِّزْقِ And Allah has made some of you excel others in wealth. (Nahal 71) وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَكُمْ خَلاَئِفَ الأَرْضِ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَكُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِّيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ And Allah has made you successors in the land and raised some of you above others in different levels, to test you for what is given to you. (Araf 165) فَإِذَا مَسَّ الْإِنسَانَ ضُرٌّ دَعَانَا ثُمَّ إِذَا خَوَّلْنَاهُ نِعْمَةً مِّنَّا قَالَ إِنَّمَا أُوتِيتُهُ عَلَى عِلْمٍ بَلْ هِيَ فِتْنَةٌ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ When a man gets in trouble he cries for help of Allah, and when he is granted favors, he says “I have got it due to my knowledge”. In fact wealth is a trial but most of people do not know. (Zumr 49)

  2. Spiritual Power جانى جهاد Prayer صلاة Economic Power ما لى جهاد Charity زكاة و انفاق Piety نفس كا جهاد Fasting روزه Unity اجتمائى جهاد Hajj حج Human Welfare انسانيت كى فلاح Social System معاشرتى نظام Economic System معاشى نظام Political System سياسى نظام Spiritual System روحانى نظام Mission of Islam (اسلام كا نصب العين) Work (كام) Output/Resource (قوت) Outcome (مقصد)

  3. Good deeds عمل صالح Belief مقصد حيات Economic System (رزق) اقامت زكاة Morality System (شريعة) اقامت صلاة جسم كى غزا روح كى غزا Accumulation of Wealth (منكر) دولت كا ارتكاز X Distribution of wealth (معروف) دولت كى تقسيم  Target of Islam (اسلام كا نصب العين) (Baqra 277) (Noor 55)

  4. Business بيع Usury ربا Individual (فرد) Frugality & Sharing عفو State (حكومت) Distribution سدباب تكاثر + - Economic Principles of Islam Earning Side آمدنى Usage Side مصارف Falahi Nizam Istasali nizam

  5. Islam prohibits and strongly CONDEMNS usury or RIBA. • Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, but will increase benefits of charity" (Baqra 276); • If you do not stop taking usury, then be ready for a war with Allâh and His Messenger (Baqra 279) • Abdullah ibn Hanjalah related that the Prophet said: A dirham of Riba (interest) knowingly taken by a man is a sin worse than committing Zina (fornication) 36 times (Ahmad, Daraqutni). • Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: Allah's Messenger cursed the accepter of interest and its payer, and one who records it, and the two witnesses; and he said: They are all equal (Muslim). • Hazrat Abu Hurairah r.a. reported that the Prophet said : A time will certainly come when none will remain who will not devour usury. If he does not devour it, its vapors will fall on him [Ahmed,Abu Dawood,Nisai,Ibn Majah]

  6. Legal System Limited Capitalism (surplus wealth for personal use) Spiritual System Spiritual Socialism (human rights on surplus wealth) Inter-dependent & Inter-connected (Synthesis) Restricts luxury & wealth accumulation Channels excess wealth to needy Immune System (Regulatory) Treatment system (Repair/Maintenance) Dimensions of Islamic Economic System Restricting evils/crimes Elevating ethical/ spiritual values • Primary focus of Islam is on the spiritual System (test of Taqwa/free will) • Legal system provides only safety valve for safeguarding basic human rights • Keeping excess wealth and generating income from it is allowed legally but spiritually is it detested.

  7. Status of Sources of Income Labor + Capital (Entrepreneurship) Ideal Permitted Partnership (Labor + Capital) Restricted Machine Middlemen Land Prohibited Money Medium of Exchange

  8. Compulsory واجبات Marriage payment and penalties on certain faults Taxes (تيكس) Taxes imposed by state to provide basic needs of its citizens Zakat (زكاة) Payable on wealth of individual Inheritance (وراثت) Strictly in accordance with injunction of Quran Voluntary Charity (انفاق) Entire wealth in access of basic needs Distribution Channels (عبادت) % of contribution

  9. Trade* Risk capital investment at profit/loss + Work + Public benefit *Limited liability is an exclusion Interest based Load taken/given at interest with security against fully insured property (margin financing) Public Benefits Does the activity lead to employment/resource generation or brings harm to the public interest Gambling Profit/loss without efforts at the expense of someone else Stock Exchange Transactions • Limited liability concept in anti-Islam • Primary purpose of the transaction is to make quick money rather than long term investment • Mostly investment is made from loan taken from banks or brokers • It is a gambling business (gain at the loss of someone else • Short term focus leads to extreme damage of public interest.

  10. Trade* Risk capital investment at profit/loss + Work + Public benefit *Limited liability is an exclusion Interest based Loan taken/given at interest with security against fully insured property (margin financing) Public Benefits Does the activity lead to employment/resource generation or brings harm to the public interest Gambling Profit/loss without efforts at the expense of someone else Property business (Plots) As per Islamic law house is right of every Muslim. Anyone trying to grab the property for the purpose of trade/profit making is haram because it is a gamble (profit/loss at the expense of others) and it is also not a business/trade as it does not lead to any fruitful business activity which entails hardwork. As a consequence of profit making price of the property rise and takes it out of the reach of legitimate buyer for building his house

  11. (http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/usury.htm) Does Islam allow any Banking System? • Banks were created for taking public deposit and lending at interest and investment in treasury bonds, derivatives, securities etc. • Interest is against natural laws. Proper functioning of natural laws and economy implies a zero rate of interest • Islam detests borrowing even at zero interest rate. • Banking was conceived in iniquity (against natural law) and was born in sin (for the benefit of rich). • An interest rate of zero means the end of the money & banking system. And I sincerely believe with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale Thomas Jefferson in a letter to John Taylor 28 May 1816, Writings (1984) New York: Literary Classics of the United State

  12. Moral (Height of spiritual living) • Hallal means of living • Distribution of entire excess wealth • Hardy any situation of Zakat • Simple lifestyle Legal (Minimum threshold of living) • Hallal means of living • Pays Zakat and other compulsory dues • Charity (infaq) up to the level of Taqwa • Modest lifestyle Illegal (State of practical kufr) • No distinction of hallal/harram • Does not care to pays Zakat/other dues • Charity for image building • Extravagant and luxurious lifestyle • Stinginess/wealth piling up Three economic modes of Muslims

  13. Before (Savage Society) After (Natural Society) Tyranny Savagery Cut-throat competition Self-centeredness Criminality Robbery Theft Racism Piety Courage Happiness Justice Content Satisfaction Chastity Humility Non-contributory /Contributory Social Security Plan (Surplus Pool) Exploitation Intellect Compassion Care of kin Affection Sincerity Freedom Fortitude Munificence Zeal & Endeavor Harmony Cowardice Ignorance Tensions Fear Hunger Servitude Debt Threats Deprivation Mirror view before/After Implementation

  14. Summary of natural economic System of Islam • Islamic view is that “real economy” controls, and the money is only a “supportive function”. Protects labour/work. • Stop earning money through money and compels people to work and invest money in business ventures • Eliminates sources of unearned income (interest/speculation) • No protection to capital and uses wealth in real economic activities integrated with physical laws of nature. • Collect zakat (wealth tax) no tax on income or consumption. • It is responsibility of individuals for meeting needs of poor and social welfare of society • State is responsible for meeting basic needs of citizens and taking administration/legal measure for checking concentration of wealth in few hands. • Business in Islam is not an grabbing the opportunity but a “Ibadah” covered under the ethos of Islamic principles of life.

  15. 2Principles of current economic system

  16. Organic Resources حياتى اشياء (Manpower, animals, plants) Inorganic Resources نامياتى اشياء (Natural Resources) Major problem of Humanity: Operating under incompatible Systems Matter (ماده) Natural (Real) Economy Money (دولت) Financial (Shadow) Economy Operates under physical/biological constraints Operates under unconstrained compound interest rate growth Taxes (محصول) Gov. Deficit (افراط زر) Money (كرنسى) Credit (قرض) • Profound change in the underlying dynamics: • Money and credit rather than goods/services had become the real economy • Energy and automation has become real contributor rather than manpower and animals Founding father of discounting “Paul Samuelson in 1937”

  17. External Political & Economic Conditions Social Process Demography Technology Economy Institutions Culture Information Ecological Process Primary production Populations Organic matter Nutrients Disturbances Interactions Land use Land cover Production Consumption Disposal Natural Systems فطرى قوانين Human Systems انسانى قوانين External Biological, Geological & Physical Conditions Framework of integrated human ecosystem Y X X فطرى اور انسانى قوانين كا ربط X Biggest tragedy of our time is that modern priests (economists) do not know that something must be physically possible before it can be economically possible.

  18. Basic types of growth patterns Growth c natural curve (natural resources) linear curve (machines) exponential curve (money) b a Time

  19. Explosion of Over-supply كثرت ترسيل Explosion of Competition اندهى مقابله بازى Explosion of Debt سودى كاروبار كا جال Explosion of Over-utilization كثرت استمال Explosion of Over-wastage كثرت ضياع Explosion of Over-production كثرت بيداوار Outcome of modern economic system وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَى حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَلاَ تُبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيرًا(26) إِنَّ الْمُبَذِّرِينَ كَانُواْ إِخْوَانَ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِرَبِّهِ كَفُورًا ***** And give to the relatives due and to the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander wastefully. Surely the squanderers are the fellows of the devils and the satan is ever ungrateful to his Lord. (Isra 26-27)

  20. Penalties on various crimes Level Crime Action Moral various Disliking/Curse of Allah Social Adultry 100 Lashes Political Killing Revenge (Qasas) Economic Interest War with Allah & Rasul    

  21. Steps for healing the money system • Limit growth and focus on wellbeing • Limit Debt & encourage entrepreneurs • Introduce zero rated debts • Impose Charge on money holding • Make speculation a criminal offence • Incentivise productive work and investment; • Tax Unearned Gains • Replace labor for energy use • Strengthen the social fabric of family and community • Lease land for living/business purposes Healing the Money System “David C. Korten”: http://www.converge.org.nz/pirm/money.htm

  22. Action at personal level • Adopt simple lifestyle (Resource conservation & sharing) • Get out of interest/speculation based investments • Fully utilize goods before replacement • Eliminate morbid craving for extravagant gadgetry • Get rid of fashion (a bio-economic disease of the human mind ) • Demand durable goods to be made still more durable by being designed so as to be repairable. • Get closer to the nature as possible • Join hands to fight for reform at state level

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