St. Louis, MO “The Gateway to the West” by Emma Greene
History of St. Louis St. Louis is called “The Gateway to the West” because it was the last place settlers could stop before heading west.2
History • St. Louis was settled by the French in 1764.1 • It was originally a fur trading outpost.2 • In 1803 President Jefferson purchased St. Louis as part of the Louisiana Territory.1,2
History In 1904, St. Louis hosted the World’s Fair and the Summer Olympics.1,2,4 62 countries brought exhibits for the fair.1 An estimated 20 million people visited the fair. 2,4 That is 6 ½ times as many people that live in Mississippi right now!6
History Many foods were first sold to people at the World’s Fair. These foods were made popular1: • Cotton Candy • Hotdogs • Hamburgers • Iced Tea • Dr. Pepper • Waffle cones
St. Louis Today Today St. Louis is a great place to visit. Here are six major attractions you won’t want to miss: • The St. Louis Arch • The St. Louis Zoo • Six Flags Theme Park • Home of the world famous Clydesdale Horses • Professional Sports
The Arch The gateway arch is there because St. Louis is known as the gateway to the west. It is part of the Jefferson Memorial. The gateway arch is more than 630 feet tall.2 You can even go in an elevator to the top!!!!!!
St. Louis Zoo • The St. Louis zoo is totally Free to anyone that comes!9 • The zoo is over 100 years old. 9 • If you visit you can see over 18,000 animals! 9
Six Flags Six flags in St. Louis, MO opened in 1971.1 It has 11 rollercoasters. 10 There are 9 rides just for kids.10
Clydesdale Horses They were originally work- horses from Scotland used for farm work. 1 You can visit the world famous Budweiser Clydesdale Horses at Grant’s Farm in St. Louis. 8
Professional Sports • St. Louis has three professional sports teams: • Cardinals – Baseball • Rams – Football • Blues – Ice hockey
Review Questions • What is one of the foods made popular by the 1904 World’s Fair? • Where’s your favorite place in St. Louis?
Citations • wikipedia.com • stlouis.com • encyclopedia.com • mohistory.com • gatewayno.com • census.gov • about.com • grantsfarm.com • stlzoo.org • sixflags.com