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NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY IN INDIA

NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY IN INDIA

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NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY IN INDIA

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  1. NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY ININDIA DR. KANUPRIYA CHATURVEDI DR. KANUPRIYA

  2. National Health Policy 2002 Objectives: Achieving an acceptable standard of good health of Indian Population, Decentralizing public health system by upgrading infrastructure in existing institutions, Ensuring a more equitable access to health service across the social and geographical expanse of India. DR. KANUPRIYA

  3. NHP 2002, Objectives…….. Enhancing the contribution of private sector in providing health service for people who can afford to pay. Giving primacy for prevention and first line curative initiative. Emphasizing rational use of drugs. Increasing access to tried systems of Traditional Medicine DR. KANUPRIYA

  4. 1. Eradication of Polio & Yaws 2005 2. Elimination of Leprosy 2005 3. Elimination of Kala-azar 2010 4. Elimination of lymphatic Filariasis 2015 5. Achieve of Zero level growth 2007 of HIV/AIDS Goals – NHP 2002 DR. KANUPRIYA

  5. Goals – NHP 2002…… 6.Reduction of mortality by 50% 2010 on account of Tuberculosis, Malaria, Other vector and water borne Diseases 7.Reduce prevalence of blindness 2010 to 0.5% DR. KANUPRIYA

  6. Goals – NHP 2002…… 8. Reduction of IMR to 30/1000 & 2010 MMR to 100/lakh 9. Increase utilisation of public 2010 health facilities from current level of <20% to > 75% 10. Establishment of an integrated 2007 system of surveillance, National Health Accounts and Health Statistics DR. KANUPRIYA

  7. Goals – NHP 2002…… 11.Increase health expenditure 2010 by government as a % of GDP from the existing 0.9% to 2.0% 12. Increase share of Central 2010 grants to constitute at least 25% of total health spending DR. KANUPRIYA

  8. Goals – NHP 2002…… 13. Increase State Sector 2005 Health spending from 5.5% to 7% of the budget 14. Further increase of 2010 State sector Health spending from 7% to 8% DR. KANUPRIYA

  9. NHP-2002Policy prescriptions DR. KANUPRIYA

  10. Differentials in health status among rural/urban India DR. KANUPRIYA

  11. Equity….. To overcome the social inequality, NHP 2002 has set an increased allocation of 55% total public health investment for the primary health sector, 35% for secondary sector and 10% for tertiary sector. DR. KANUPRIYA

  12. Delivery of national public health programmes NHP 2002 envisages the gradual convergence of all health programmes under a single field administration. It suggests for a scientific designing of public health projects suited to the local situation. DR. KANUPRIYA

  13. Delivery of national public health programmes……. Training and reorientation of rural health staff and free hand to district administration to allocate the time of the rural health staff between the various programmes, depending on the local need is stressed. DR. KANUPRIYA

  14. Public health spending in select countries DR. KANUPRIYA

  15. Delivery of national public health programmes……. Therefore, the policy places reliance on strengthening of public health outcomes on equitable basis. It recognises the need of user charge for secondary and tertiary public health care for those who can afford to pay. DR. KANUPRIYA

  16. Extending public health services Expanding the pool of General Practitioners to include a cadres of licentiates including Indian systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy is recommended in the policy. In order to provide trained manpower in under served areas it recommends contract employment. DR. KANUPRIYA

  17. Suggested norms for health personnel DR. KANUPRIYA

  18. Education of health care professionals NHP 2002 recommends setting up of a Medical Grant Commission for funding new government medical/dental colleges. It suggests for a need based, skill oriented syllabus with a more significant component of practical training. DR. KANUPRIYA

  19. Education of health care professionals….. The need for inclusion of contemporary medical research and geriatric concern and creation of additional PG seats in deficient specialities are specified. DR. KANUPRIYA

  20. Need for specialists in 'public health' and 'family medicine' For discharging public health responsibilities in the country NHP 2002 recommends specialisation in the disciplines of Public Health and Family Medicine where medical doctors, public health engineers, microbiologists and other natural science specialists can take up the course. DR. KANUPRIYA

  21. Nursing personnel NHP 2002 recognises acute shortage of nurses trained in superspeciality disciplines. It recommends increase of nursing personnel in public health delivery centres and establishment of training courses for superspecialities. DR. KANUPRIYA

  22. Urban health Migration has resulted in urban growth which is likely to go up to 33%. It anticipates rising vehicle density which lead to serious accidents. In this direction, 2002 NHP has recommended an urban primary health care structure as under; DR. KANUPRIYA

  23. Urban health…… First Tier:- Primary centre cover 1 Lakh population It functions as OPD facilities. It provides essential drugs. It will carry out national health programmes. DR. KANUPRIYA

  24. Urban health…… Second Tier:- General Hospital a referral to primary centre provides the care. The policy recommends a fully equipped hub-spoketrauma care network to reduce accident mortality. DR. KANUPRIYA

  25. Mental health Decentralised mental health service for diagnosis and treatment by general duty medical staff is recommended. It also recommends securing the human rights of mentally sick. DR. KANUPRIYA

  26. Information Education and Communication NHP 2002 has suggested interpersonal communication by folk and traditional media to bring about behavioural change. DR. KANUPRIYA

  27. Information Education and Communication……. School children are covered for promotion of health seeking behaviour, which is expected to be the most cost effective intervention where health awareness extends to family and further to future generation. DR. KANUPRIYA

  28. Health research 2002 NHP noted the aggregate annual health expenditure of Rs. 80,000 crores and on research Rs. 1150 crores is quite low. The policy envisages an increase in govt. funded health resources to a level of 1% total health spending by 2005 and upto 2% by 2010. New therapeutic drugs and vaccines for tropical disease are given priority. DR. KANUPRIYA

  29. Role of private sector The policy welcomes the participation of the private sector in all areas of health activities primary, secondary and tertiary health care services; but recommended regularitory and accreditation of private sector for the conduct of clinical practice. DR. KANUPRIYA

  30. Role of private sector….. It has suggested a social health insurance scheme for health service to the needy. It urges standard protocols in day-to-day practice by health professionals. It recommends tele-medicine in tertiary care services. DR. KANUPRIYA

  31. Health statistics NHP 2002 has recommended full baseline estimate of tuberculosis, malaria and blindness by 2005, and In the long run for cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, accidents, hepatitis and G.E. DR. KANUPRIYA

  32. Women's health After recognising the catalytic role of empowered women in improving the overall health standard of the country, NHP 2002 has recommended to meet the specific requirement of women in a more comprehensive manner. DR. KANUPRIYA

  33. Medical ethics In India we have guidelines on professional medical ethics since 1960. This is revised in 2001. Government of India has emphasised the importance of moral and religious dilemma. DR. KANUPRIYA

  34. Medical ethics……. NHP 2002 has recommended notifying a contemporary code of ethics, which is to be rigorously implemented by Medical Council of India. The Policy has specified the need for a vigilant watch on gene manipulation and stem cell research. DR. KANUPRIYA

  35. Enforcement of quality standard for food and drugs NHP 2002 envisaged that Food and Drug administration be strengthened in terms of laboratory facilities and technical expertise. DR. KANUPRIYA

  36. Regulation of standards in paramedical disciplines More and more training institutions have come up recently under paramedical board which do not have regulation or monitoring. Hence, establishment of Statutory Professional Council for paramedical discipline is recommended. DR. KANUPRIYA

  37. Environmental and occupational health Government has noted the ambient environment condition like unsafe drinking water, unhygienic sanitation and air pollution. Child labour and substandard working conditions are causing occupational linked ailments. DR. KANUPRIYA

  38. Environmental and occupational health……. NHP 2002 has suggested for an independent state policy and programme for environment apart from periodic health screening for high risk associated occupation. DR. KANUPRIYA