August 6, 2014 Hazardous Material Training
Purpose • Ensure that hazardous materials are packaged, handled, shipped, transported and received in a safe manner • Meet DOT Regulations • Meet HMR (Hazardous Material Requirement) Regulations
Introduction • Both drivers and warehouse workers must be familiar with regulations and responsibilities • Employees must be trained depending on responsibilities • Driver vs. Warehouse • Training within 90 days of hire date and every 3 years*
3 Categories of Training for Drivers • Dry Van/Flatbed- Hazmat Packages and IBM (intermediate bulk containers-totes) • Chemical Bulk Tanker/Dry Bulk Tanker • Cryogenic Tank Truck • Warehouse workers required to understand importance of proper shipping papers
General Awareness • Regulations • Definitions • Hazard Class and Divisions • Hazard Material Table
Regulations • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations and 49 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) outline requirements for dealing with Hazmat • Driver must have a Hazardous Material Endorsement on CDL • Current proof of training carried in possession • Tanker endorsement- If operating Tank Trucks
Definitions • Hazmat Employee- Person who is employed by a hazmat employer and affects hazmat transportation safety • Hazardous Material- Substance or material that the Secretary of Transportation has determined capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety and property when transported • Hazardous Waste- Material that is subject to the EPA hazardous waste manifest requirements in 40 CFR Part 262 • Hazardous Substance- A material when released into the environment in a specific quantity poses a risk. These are identified with an (RQ) Reportable Quantity • Marine Pollutant- Hazardous material that poses a risk to marine animal and plant life when released in water
Definitions • Bulk Packaging- Packaging with no intermediate form of containment (tank or tote) • A max capacity greater than 119 gallons as a receptacle for liquid • A max net mass greater than 882 pounds as a receptacle for solid • A water capacity greater than 1000 pounds as a receptacle for gas • Non-bulk Packaging- Packaging which has: • A max capacity of 119 gallons or less as a receptacle for liquid • A max net mass of 882 pounds or less as a receptacle for solid • A water capacity of 1000 pounds or less as a receptacle for gas
Hazardous Materials Information System The DOT requirements for Hazardous Materials deal with: • Containers used to transport hazardous materials • Classification of the hazardous materials • Placarding of containers used to transport hazardous materials • Shipping papers, and; • Training requirements
Hazardous Materials Information System There are four general components of the Hazardous Materials Information System including: • Classification • Shipping papers • Placarding • Emergency response information.
Hazardous Materials Information System • Classification means It is the shipper’s responsibility to determine the primary hazard and subsidiary hazards of the products they wish to ship, for example: Corrosive, Flammable, etc. • Next is Shipping papers. It is the responsibility of the shipper to convey important information, required by the HMR, concerning the hazardous materials offered for shipment on the shipping papers. • Properly prepared Hazmat Shipping Papers convey critical information to Emergency Responders in the event of an accident or incident involving hazardous materials. • The DOT is very specific about what and how.
Hazard Class and Divisions *Review Chart in Red Book
Hazard Class and Divisions *Review Chart in Red Book
Hazard Material Table • Ruan employees concerned with columns 1-7 • Can be found in the Hazardous Materials Compliance Pocket Book • Forbidden materials may not be offered for transportation
Symbols (+)Fixes the proper shipping name (A) In general applies only to hazardous material shipped by air (D) Identifies hazardous materials for domestic transportation only (G) Identifies n.o.s. (not otherwise specified) and generic proper shipping names for which one or more technical names of the hazardous materials must be entered in parentheses, in association with the basic description. (I) identifies hazardous materials for international shipments (W) The entry only applies when the hazardous material is shipped by vessel (water)
A material for which the entry in the column is “ORM-D”, means a material such as a consumer commodity, which, although otherwise subject to the regulations of Part 173, presents a limited hazard during transportation due to its form, quantity, and packaging.
Hazardous Substances are listed in Appendix A Table 1 to the HMT. Marine Pollutants that are already listed to the HMT are found Appendix B.
Function Specific • Shipper • Carrier • The Driver • Shipping Papers • Loading • Marking, Labels, and Placards
Shipper Responsibilities • Provide the initial carrier of a hazardous material load with shipping papers that are prepared in accordance with the requirements of the HMR. • Supply the placards that will be affixed to the vehicle that is transporting the hazardous material. • Ensure that the packaging of any hazardous materials meets the specifications and requirements of the HMR.
Carrier Responsibilities • The driver assigned to a hazardous materials load assumes some responsibilities of the carrier and those will be covered under Driver’s Responsibilities. • The carrier must notify the driver that they will be assigned to a hazardous materials load. • The carrier must report accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials shipments to the proper government agencies including municipal, state and federal.
The Driver “Captain of the Ship” • Hazmat endorsement on CDL and must be able to demonstrate proof of training • If operating a tank truck, must have tanker endorsement • Verify labeled material is correct • Placards received from shipper • Confirm shipping papers • Supervise loading and unloading of material • Confirm correct quantity of product • Confirms that the shipping papers have the hazardous material recorded in one of three ways: • Listed first before all other non-hazardous materials • Appears in a color that contrasts with all other non-hazardous material • Note highlighters cannot be used on original shipping papers, only on reproductions of the shipping papers • Identified by an X or an RQ in a column designated for hazmat
The Driver “Captain of the Ship” • Verifies that an Emergency Contact Number is listed on the shipping papers. • Verifies that they have the required Emergency Response Information associated with the shipping papers, or a copy of the ERG (Emergency Response Guidebook – Orange Book) in the truck. • Adheres to all special rules established for the transportation of hazardous materials (covered in detail in the function specific driver training section) • Failure to follow requirements of the Hazardous Material Regulations can result in fines ranging from $450 to $175,000 and the possibility of imprisonment
Order of information on Shipping Papers • Basic Description • IIdentification Number (HMT Column 4) • S Proper Shipping Name (HMT Column 2) • HHazard Class (HMT Column 3) • P Packing Group (HMT Column 5) “ISHP”
Order of information on Shipping Papers • Other Information • Technical name (“G” in HMT Column 1). See HMR §172.203(k) for specific requirements. • Subsidiary hazard(s) (HMT Column 6) • Number and type of packages (i.e., “12 drums” or “12 1A1 drums”) • Total quantity (by mass or volume, i.e., “200 kgs” or “50 L”) • “Net Explosive Mass” for Class 1. See HMR §172.202(a)(5)(i) for specific requirements. • “EX-xxxx” for Class 1 materials when not marked on the package. See HMR §172.320(d) for specific requirements.
Order of information on Shipping Papers • Additional Descriptions – as applicable • “DOT-SPxxxxx” or “DOT-Exxxxx” Special Permit or Exemption number • “Ltd Qty” or “Limited Quantity” • “RQ” for Reportable Quantity. See Appendix A of the HMT for specific requirements. • “RESIDUE: LAST CONTAINED***” (Required for tank car with residue) • “Marine Pollutant” (for non-bulk by vessel and bulk in all modes). See Appendix B of the HMT for specific requirements. • “Poison-Inhalation Hazard” or “Toxic-Inhalation Hazard“ and applicable Zone, e.g., “Zone A”, “Zone B”, etc., (HMT Column 7 and §172.102) • “HOT” for liquid elevated temperature materials, when molten or elevated temperature is not part of proper shipping name. See HMR §172.203(n) for specific requirements. • “Organic Peroxides” See HMR §172.203(o) for specific requirements. • “Waste” See HMR §171.101(c)(9) for specific requirements. • “Radioactive Material” See HMR §172.203(d) for specific requirements. • Mode Requirements - Additional information may be required depending on specific mode(s) of transport. See HMR §172.203 for specific requirements.
Order of information on Shipping Papers • Emergency Response Telephone Number • “Emergency Contact : xxx-xxx-xxxx” • Shipper’s Certification • Signed statement: “This is to certify that the above-mentioned materials...” See HMR §172.204 for specific certification statements.
800-555-1234 Basic Description sequence and UN Harmonization. The examples shown are allowed in § 172.202(b). For international shipments, the ISHP sequence is mandatory January 1, 2007. Voluntary compliance for Domestic shipments begins January 1, 2007. Mandatory compliance for the ISHP sequence is January 1, 2013. This guide provides examples using the ISHP sequence. 4 gal 4 drums UN1805, Phosphoric acid solution, 8, PGIII 4 gal 4 drums Phosphoric acid solution, 8, UN1805, PG!!!
Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Materials Reportable Quantity and Marine Pollutant
If the hazardous material shipping papers are carried with any other papers, they must either be on top of all other papers or be tabbed as hazardous materials shipping papers.
Loading • Van and Flatbed Loads • Wheels chocked, breaks set, engine OFF • Chemical Tanker/Dry Bulk and CRYO Tanker loads • Wheels chocked, breaks set, engine ON • Verify no leaking, broken, noncompliant or improper containers • Tank drivers, ensure valves shut, dome lids and wash out ports secured • Confirm shipment is properly blocked and secure for transit • When picking up mixed load of hazardous material, check Segregation Table on pg. 16 of training guide • No smoking during loading or unloading • In instances where containers are stacked, make sure that the containers on the bottom can support the weight of the containers on top • Use load straps, load bars or dunnage to secure the shipment • Tanker drivers transporting multi-compartment trailers must also ensure that multiple products loaded into the various compartments on the trailer can be loaded together or require separation.
Marking, Labels and Placards • Marking is required on packaging, freight containers and transport vehicles that contain hazardous materials for the purpose of conveying important information about their contents. There are differences between the markings used for non-bulk and bulk packaging. • Labels are diamond shaped and are affixed to packages containing hazardous materials as required by the HMR. • Placards arediamond shaped, larger than labels and are used for identifying vehicles carrying hazardous materials. In general, vehicles carrying 1,001 pounds of a hazardous material are required to be placarded. Cargo Tanks and Portable Tanks and other bulk containers must always be placarded when carrying hazardous materials or its residue.
Placarding General Rules • Every shipper who offers a hazardous material to a motor carrier must supply the carrier with the corresponding placards. • The placards must be placed on the transport vehicle so that they are visible on both sides and the front and rear. Ruan standard practice is to only placard the trailer. • Placards must be placed so that they are unobscured and located to minimize road spray. • Placards must be kept clean, legible and replaced if fading or unreadable. Inspect during pre-trip and enroute inspections. • Placards must be placed at least 3 inches from any other markings or other placards. • Placards must be placed on the trailer so that they care read horizontally. • Placards must be removed from the vehicle after the hazardous material is unloaded, unless the trailer is dirty (tank truck) or residue remains, or it is top loaded with another product. • The correct placards must be in place on the trailer that identify the product being transported
Placarding Bulk Shipments, Cargo Tanks and Portable Tanks • When placarding a dry van trailer that contains bulk packages like portable tanks or totes, or a cargo tank truck: • The Identification Number (Column 4 of the HMT) for each hazardous material must be displayed. The UN or NA prefix is not displayed. • The Identification Number can be displayed on the placard, on an orange panel, or white diamond shaped (square-on-point) configuration. • The Dangerous placard cannot be used for mixed loads of bulk shipments. Mixed bulk shipments require the display of each hazard class placard and associated Identification Number for each product being hauled. • An empty cargo tank or dry van trailer that contains empty portable tanks or totes must remain placarded and a copy of the hazmat shipping papers that correspond to the hazardous material must stay with the trailer. UN=United Nations NA=North America
While in/around the truck • Attendance • The driver in charge of the vehicle is on the vehicle, is awake and not in the sleeper berth, or is within 100 feet of the vehicle and has an unobstructed view of the vehicle. • A motor vehicle which contains hazardous materials other than Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3, materials, and which is located on a public street or highway, or the shoulder of a public highway, must be attended by its driver. However, the vehicle need not be attended while its driver is performing duties which are incident and necessary to the driver's duties as the operator of the vehicle. • Smoking • Is not allowed in or within 25 feet of a placarded vehicle containing Explosives, Flammables, Oxidizers, or Organic Peroxides. • Additionally, there is no parking within 300 feet of an open flame. • Registration • Vehicles transporting hazardous materials and are subject to the HMR registration requirements must carry on each truck a copy of Ruan’scurrent Certificate of Registration. • Texting • A person transporting a quantity of hazardous materials requiring placarding may not engage in, allow, or require texting while driving (§177.804). No cellphone use while transporting a hazardous material load – Federal and Ruan Policy. • Emergency Equipment • Hazardous materials transport vehicles must be equipped with warning devices. Reflective triangles or the only approved device at Ruan. No Flares or fusees are to ever be used. • The transport vehicle must be equipped with a fire extinguisher, secured and mounted with a UL rating of 10 B:C or more.
Waiting at Railroad Crossing and while Fueling Railroad Crossings • A placarded vehicle containing hazardous materials must come to a complete stop at all railroad crossings. This includes all cargo tank vehicles, loaded or empty used for the transportation of hazardous materials. The vehicle must stop no closer than 15 ft. and no further than 50 ft. from the crossing. • The Only exceptions are: • Streetcar crossings in an urban area • Exempt or abandoned railroad crossings posted with a sign • Crossings where a police officer or flagman is directing traffic • A railroad grade crossing controlled by a functioning highway traffic signal transmitting a green indication which, under local law, permits the commercial motor vehicle to proceed across the railroad tracks without slowing or stopping. • When it is safe to do so, the driver may drive the commercial motor vehicle across the tracks in a gear that permits the commercial motor vehicle to complete the crossing without a change of gears. Fueling • When a motor vehicle which contains hazardous materials is being fueled: • Its engine must not be operating • A person must be in control of the fueling process at the point where the fuel tank is filled.
Parking and Tire Checks • Parking • A motor vehicle which contains hazardous materials other than Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 materials must not be parked on or within five feet of the traveled portion of public street or highway except for brief periods when the necessities of operation require the vehicle to be parked and make it impracticable to park the vehicle in any other place. • Tire Checks • A driver must examine each tire on a motor vehicle at the beginning of each trip and each time the vehicle is parked.
Hazcomtraining is a prerequisite of Hazmat Training • All Ruan hazardous materials employees must review the SDS sheet or the ERG book corresponding to the hazardous materials they are transporting or handling to ensure they understand: • Material Properties/Characteristics • Hazards associated with the product • Protective Measures to include Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and related proper procedures for handling, loading and unloading product. • Emergency Actions and First Aid • Regarding proper PPE and Procedures, this will be determined by the Safety Department, Terminal Manager and Customer regarding the hazardous materials handled and transported at a specific Terminal.
Safety Training • React • Determine what happened • Determine hazardous material involved and have emergency response info available for authorities • Determine spilled vs. leaking • Keep people away • Place emergency warning devices (NO flares) • Don’t attempt to open doors or contain spill • Report • Report to the Ruan Risk Department at 800-678-3210 Option 2
D.U.C.K. Safety Procedures • D-Distance • Get yourself and others as distant as possible from hazardous spill area as soon as possible • U-Upwind • Keep yourself and others upwind from area • C-Call • Immediately notify appropriate authorities as needed • K-Keep Out • Keep out of any direct involvement with a spill not trained to handle