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Unit Fourteen

Unit Fourteen

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Unit Fourteen

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  1. Unit Fourteen Mercy at Appomattox

  2. Language Points

  3. 解散议会 • 紧追不舍 • 考虑各种选择 • 使我们遭受巨大损失 • 比敌人坦克开得快 • 突然死去 • 触发群众抗议 • 报名参军 • 使伤口愈合 • 向全国各地辐射 • 草草写下几个字 • 安抚人民 • 使争吵停止

  4. A self-made man • National reconciliation • A shooting spree • Parole passes • With heavy spirit • The county seat / the courthouse • With a sash and a presentation sword • Dress uniform and field uniform • A vista of overwhelming stillness • Guerrilla warfare • The havoc of war • A token of love • Terms of surrender

  5. From Lincoln’s second inaugural address • With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to build up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and orphans; to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.

  6. Boom n.& v. • An economic boom, boom and bust大繁荣与随后的不景气 • The travel boom, the sports boom 激增 • The business / economy / sales is/are booming, 迅速发展 • Thunder boomed like battlefield cannons隆隆声; music boomed out from loudspeakers低沉的回音 • Baby boom (1947-1961)生育高峰

  7. Legion 军团 Division 师 Brigade Regiment 团 Battalion 营 Cavalry squadron 骑兵营 Company 连 Platoon 排 Squad 班 Infantry 步兵 Cavalry 骑兵 Artillery 炮兵 Marine corps海军陆战队 Mariner Ranger 巡逻兵 Gunner 枪手 Sniper 阻击手 Cannoneer 炮手 Perdue 敢死队员 Brigade 旅

  8. delicate • ~ hands (small and beautifully shaped) • ~ flavor (color, taste, or smell that is pleasant, not strong or intense) • ~ china (easy to harm, damage or break) • Physically ~ (become ill easily) • ~ situation, problem, matter, discussion微妙 • ~ operation (showing great skill and attention to detail)

  9. exult • He was ~ing in a win at the show earlier that day. • Some individual investors ~ed at the record.

  10. Resolve n.& v. • ~ to do: make a firm decision to do • She ~d to report the crime / that … • This will strengthen the American public’s ~ to go to war.

  11. 1)决心,决定 2)溶解 3)解决 Resolve to do sth Resolve on doing sth Resolve into sth Cf. resolve, decide, determine She resolved on making an early start. 她决定早早出发。 The assembly resolved that ... 大会决议...。 The circumstances resolved him to go [upon going]. 情况使他决定去。 The discussion resolved itself into an argument. 讨论到后来变成了争论。 resolve

  12. consecrate 系正式用语, 指“通过宗教仪式确定将某物用于神圣用途”, 如:The new church was consecrated by the Bishop.新教堂的奉献仪式由主教主持。 • Devote sth to sth/doing sth • Be ~ed to sth/ doing sth

  13. Dangling elliptical clause (荡空省略从句结构):在when, while, though 等连词引导的从句中,其主语及相应的动词,尤其是系动词,通常都可以省略。 • 1. 连词when引导的时间状语从句中主谓的省略 • He was fond of playing on the beach when a child(=when he was a child). • I shall not fail to help you when necessary (=when it is necessary for me to help you).

  14. 2. 连词while引导的状语从句中主谓的省略 • I got acquainted with him while on a visit to Tokyo (=while I was on a visit to Tokyo). • 3. 连词till 及 until引导的状语从句中主谓的省略 • I did not notice it till too late (=till it was too late for me to notice it).

  15. 4. 连系副词where或 wherever引导的状语从句中主谓的省略 • The river is smooth where deep (where it is deep). • 5. 连词though, although, even if, however, whether引导的让步状语从句中主谓的省略 • Frost is possible, though not probable (=though it is not probable), even at the end of May.

  16. 6. 连词since引导的原因状语从句中主谓的省略 • It is a useless, since impossible(=since it is an impossible), proposal. • 7. 连词than, as引导的比较状语从句中主谓的省略 • Mary is more shy than unsocial(=than she is unsocial).

  17. 8. 连词as, as if, as though引导的方式状语从句中主谓的省略 • Mr. Smith as always(=as he is always), is regarded as an exemplary teacher. • 9. 连词if, unless引导的条件状语从句中主谓的省略 • She is seventy, if a day (=if she is a day).至少

  18. cf: attach / affix / annex / add / fasten • 均含有“把一件东西或一件事添加或附加于另一件东西(或事)上”的意思。 • attach表示“较为外形的结合, 可以连得上去, 也可拆得开来”, 还可用于比喻的意义 • He attached labels to all his bags. • add是最普通的词, 可用于一切有形的和无形的东西 • The index adds appreciably to the usefulness of the book. • 索引明显地增加了这本书的实用价值。

  19. affix 是比较正式的词, 通常指“把一件较小的或次要的东西永远加于另一件东西上” • affix a stamp to the parcel • annex是比较正式的词,表示“附加”, 也指“扩充”或“兼并”, 如: • annex a condition to a contract • fasten表示“结牢”、“拴住”,用于有形的东西,有时可与attach互用 • fasten an ox to the tree