Pages 484-486 Slave Resistance Pages 484-486 Slaves in Virginia - 1862 Slave Children - 1862
Slave Codes • Most southern states had laws regarding slaves. • Slaves were not allowed to leave their owners’ land. • Slaves were not allowed to meet in groups. • Slaves could not buy or sell goods. • Slaves were not allowed to learn to read and write. • Slaves were treated as property.
Overseers • Overseers were hired to: • Watch over slaves as they worked • Punish slaves who fell behind • Punish slaves who disobeyed • Get more work from slaves • Buy and sell slaves
Slavery Survival • To help themselves survive: • Slaves formed close-kit communities. • Families, friends, and neighbors helped one another giving comfort and support. • They talked about what they remembered about Africa or what they had heard from others. • They tried to keep their traditions alive. • Religious beliefs gave many strength.
Spirituals • Slaves expressed their beliefs by singing spirituals. • Spirituals are religious songs based on Bible stories. • Swing Low, Sweet Chariot • Deep River • Go Down, Moses
Fighting Back • Most slaves did whatever they could to resist, or act against slavery. • They broke tools making the damage look like an accident. • They left gates open so that farm animals could escape. • They let boats drift away. • They hid household goods. • Some acted as if they didn’t understand what they were told.
Violent Resistance • In August 1831 in Virginia, a slave named Nat Turner led an attack that killed 57 people including his owner and the owner’s family. • Slave owners who were trying to stop the rebellion killed more than 100 slaves. • Nat Turner was caught, put on trial, and hanged.
John Brown and Harper’s Ferry • In 1859 John Brown, a white abolitionist, and a group of followers seized a government storehouse at Harper’s Ferry in what is now West Virginia. • The storehouse was filled with guns that John Brown planned to give to slaves so they could fight for their freedom. • John Brown was caught, put on trial, and hanged.