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Early Stuarts vs . Parliament PowerPoint Presentation
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Early Stuarts vs . Parliament

Early Stuarts vs . Parliament

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Early Stuarts vs . Parliament

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  1. Early Stuarts vs. Parliament

  2. Queen Elizabeth I (-1603) • Functional Parliament • 1215: Magna Carta King must rule lawfully Must consult Parliament Convicts entitled to jury of peers ENGLAND BEFORE the STUARTS

  3. Parliament: Before Stuart Rule

  4. Mary Queen of Scots Executed by Elizabeth Mother of James • James VI of Scotland -Ruled Scotland for 20 years -Absolute monarch (like France/Spain) -Became “James I of England” in 1603 with the UNIFICATION of THE CROWNS (creation of Great Britain) The STUARTS of SCOTLAND

  5. “The Wisest fool in Christendom” • Big mouth • Slovenly habits • Head of Church of England (Anglican) -wrote King James Bible • Tyrant: In rivalry with Parliament • Introduced “Divine Right of Kings” Law (VERY unpopular) James I of England

  6. Inherited throne from father in 1625 • No COMPROMISES with Parliament • Loves extravagance (tax $) • Aloof • Alienates population by following Duke of Buckingham’s advice Charles I of England

  7. Examples: • Required home owners to house & feed soldiers without compensation • Compulsory purchasing of titles (Knight) to all who could afford it • Secret Court of Star Chamber where convicts had no rights • Dissolved Parliament Charles’ Bad Behaviour

  8. Parliament returns with a “Petition of Rights” • In response, Charles immediately dissolves Parliament again Parliament Re-called