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interactions in ecosystems n.
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Interactions in Ecosystems

Interactions in Ecosystems

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Interactions in Ecosystems

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  1. InteractionsinEcosystems

  2. Habitat • All of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an organism lives Lion habitat

  3. Ecological Niche • All of the physical, chemical, and biological factors that a species needs to survive, stay healthy, and reproduce • Food • Abiotic conditions • Behavior

  4. Competitive Exclusion • When two species are competing for the same resources, one species will be better suited to the niche, and the other species will be pushed into another niche or become extinct • Invasive species may outcompete organisms that are native to a particular region

  5. Predation • The process by which one species captures and feeds upon another • Heterotrophs can prey on autotrophs and other heterotrophs

  6. Predator – Prey Cycles • Prey outnumber predators • Increasing numbers of prey promote increases in predator populations

  7. Symbiosis • A close ecological relationship between two or more organisms of different species that live in direct contact with one another • Mutualism • Commensalism • Parasitism

  8. Mutualism • An interspecies interaction in which both species benefit • Flowers and pollinating insects • Humans and intestinal E. coli • Clown fish and anemones

  9. Commensalism • A relationship between two organisms in which one receives an ecological benefit from another, while the other neither benefits or is harmed • Many ecologists believe that commensalism is rare, and that most such relationships are probably subtle mutualism or parasitism

  10. Parasitism • A relationship in which one species benefits while the other is harmed. • Many parasites have complex lifecycles involving more than one host Seen “Alien” ?

  11. The Parasitic Life Cycle of the Tse-Tse Fly

  12. Tapeworm lifecycle