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(not) doing

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  1. 动词ing-形式的构成 (not) doing (not) being done (not) having been done (not) having done

  2. 动词ing-形式作定语 learning • A little child _______(learn) to walk often falls. • The men  _________ (work) here are all from the rural areas. • They don’t like the design of the new bridge ___________ (build). • People all over the country are interested in the conference __________ (hold) in Beijing. working being buit being held being done表示被动的动作正在进行,having been done作状语

  3. 动词ing-形式作宾语补足语 coming • I heard a loud noise _______ (come) from the bay. • We ran down to the shore in time to see an enormous animal opposite us _________ (throw) itself out of the water and then _________ (crash) down again. • I often watch the trucks ___________ (load) with coal. • You’ll find the topic _______________ (discuss) everywhere now. throwng crahing being loaded being discussed being done作宾补表示被动的动作正在进行或与谓语同时发生,跟在表示感官和心理状态的谓语动词后。

  4. 动词ing-形式作状语 Being protected • _____________ (protect) by a thick wall, they felt they were quite safe. • _______________ (give) such a good chance,how could you let it slip away? • I witnessed the accident ,_______ (know) what had happened. • There was Tom, ______ (circle) back to the boat, _____ (lead) us to the hunt again. Having been given knowing circling leading being done作状语强调被动和正在进行having been done表示被动的动作在谓语动词之前已完成

  5. 动词ing-形式作表语 embarrassed • At that moment she felt _________ (embarrass). • This problem is __________ (settle), so please wait for another five minutes. • What he could do was ______ (go) there alone. • What surprised the child most was ______ _______________ (not allow) to visit his mother in the hospital. being settled going his not being allowed

  6. 动词ing-形式作主语 His being • _________ (be) late made his boss angry. • _____________ (kill) by sharks was a common thing. • ___________ (expose) to the strong sunlight for a long time will be bad for one’s skin. • _______ (wait) for others is boring. • ___________ (choose) as a torchbeaer is a rather glorious and happy thing. Being killed Being exposed Waiting Being chosen being done作主语是叙述一个被动的事实。

  7. 动词ing-形式作宾语 me/my asking • Do you mind ____________ (ask) you a few questions. • He didn’t mind _____________ (make) to study at home. • We congratulate him on ____________ (accept) by Beijing University. • We congratulate him on ____________ (get) the first prize. his being made his being accepted his getting 需要跟动词-ing形式的有动词和介词: mind, avoid, stand, admit, forget, remember:

  8. P.23 Ex.2 being attacked Being held up Being included Having been accepted being told Being helped out being taken being photographed being swallowed • be confident of • a great thrill • get a good feed from • make a successful kill • the chances of

  9. weight • on the seabed • term • efficiently • cause danger to • in danger of • behave as a hidden danger • be trapped in • driftnet • a ban on sth • lay the table for dinner P.23 Ex.3 fishing floating hanging marketing being cut loose free-floating killing being caught

  10. P 64 • Ex. 1 • being invited • being kept waiting • being attacked • being awarded • being shouted • being blamed

  11. Ex.2 • Nobody told us that a man had been seen to fall overboard. • That steep hill is being used for ski jumping. • The money for our tickets was refunded by our tour guide. • Many people tend to be attracted by climbing a high mountain. • The witness said that the necklace would be easily identified by its design. • A rectangle with the dimensions 5cm ×3cm can be divided into a square and a smaller rectangle.

  12. 语法专攻 • 巩固运用 • 1-5 BCDDB 6-7 AB • 经典考题链接 • 1-5 CCADA • 6-9 AACD