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Books! 'tis a dull and endless strife:. School Education (Govt.Schools) . Stress full. Text book Burden. Rote Memory based exams. No space for Analytical and lateral thinking. Teacher centered classroom. No place for exhibiting individual skills. Expectation ????????????.
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School Education (Govt.Schools) • Stress full. • Text book Burden. • Rote Memory based exams. • No space for Analytical and lateral thinking. • Teacher centered classroom. • No place for exhibiting individual skills.
Expectation ???????????? • Learning without burden. • Less book load. • Reduced mental stress. • Involving activity based education. • Child centered Education. • Performance based assessment.
Govt Schools marching towards a new dimension. . . . . (Trying)To fulfil the expectations
National Policy of Education (NPE) 1986 • National Policy on Education (NPE,1986) states that evaluation to be • continuous and comprehensive • incorporated with both scholastic and co-scholastic areas • undertaken throughout the academic year
CCE in National Curriculum Framework (2005) • NCF 2005 also recommends that evaluation under CCE should be • stress free, simple, flexible and implementable in any type of school (rural and urban). • able to provide scope for creative teaching - learning. • a tool for diagnosis. • able to link content knowledge to the life outside the school.
CCE in Right to Education Act (RTE) 2009 • Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 also mandates • Continuous and comprehensive evaluation of the child’s understanding of knowledge and ability to apply the same. • Building up child’s knowledge, potentials and talents. • Learning through activities, exploration and discovery in a child friendly and child-centered manner. • Making child free from fear, trauma and anxiety and helping the child to express views freely.
Trimester system and CCE • Introduced in TN for classes 1 – 8 in 2012 -2013 • In the academic year 2013 – 2014 for class 9 and • 10th class in the academic year 2014 – 2015. • This policy decision has been taken to reduce the academic burden, the physical and mental strain of students. • Each term would be having separate text books.
What is CCE? • CCE refers to a system of school based assessment that covers all aspects of student’s development . • It covers learner’s growth and development in both scholastic and co-scholastic areas
Types of assessment :Scholastic Assessment • Scholastic Assessment includes all academic subjects [Language, Math, Science, Social Science] & Physical Education throughout the year. • It involves Formative Assessment(FA) and Summative Assessment(SA).
Formative Assessment • Assessment which is carried throughout the year by the teacher formally and informally. • It is diagnostic (understanding the problems of students in learning) and remedial (solving their learning problems).
Summative Assessment • End of term or end of the year exams. • Feedback on learning (assessment of learning) to teacher and parents. • SA is traditional and norm based assessment.
Co-scholastic Assessment It includes • Life skills. • Attitudes and value. • Wellness and yoga. • Co-curricular activities.
Life Skills: • Self awareness and emotional management skills, • Assertion and refusal skills, • Analytical skills, • Communication skills, • Team work
Attitudes and Values • Respect for values of National and State Symbols, • Upholding Constitutional Ideals, • Appreciation for Diversity of Cultures, • Respect for school and community property, • Courteousness (Polite behaviour), • Compassion for all living creatures, • Environmental values, • Compliance with safety and Road Rules
Co-curricular Activities Co-curricular activities are built around areas of special interest or talents to the child. • Folk arts / Indigenous games (Kho-kho, kabaddi etc.), • Club Activities • Literary club • Science club • Eco club • NCC, NSS, Scouts and Guides , Cubs and Bullbulls. • NGC, RRC, JRC and First Aid
Formative assessment Will comprise of : • Class work • Homework • Oral questions • Quizzes • Projects • Assignments/Tests In TamilNadu it is classified as: Formative Assessment (A) Formative Assessment (B)
Formative assessment (a) • It is a measure of the child’s enjoyment, participation in learning activities. • It need not be a measure of child’s cognitive skills. • It can be conducted in each unit. • It includes group evaluation. • It is an assessment based on teacher’s observation and interaction. • Flexible timing.
Activities under FA(a) Subject- Science • Experiments • Data collection and analysis • Mind Map • Puzzles • Interpretation • Assignment • Projects • Models • Field trip • Discussion • Web searching • Debate • Drawing • Puppetry • Scrap book and album • To talk about science concepts • Science club activities
Formative assessment (b) • It is the simple written test conducted by teacher. • It evaluates child’s cognitive skill. • It is content based and diagnostic. • It involves written response at the end of each learning unit and sub-unit. • It assesses learner’s development in all areas of curricular learning (Knowledge, Understanding, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Evaluation and Creativity).
Activities under FA(b) • Fill in the blanks • Multiple choice • Matching • Quiz • Sequencing • Higher order thinking questions • Short answer questions • Very short answer questions • Drawing
Summative assessment (SA) • It is conducted at the end of each term. • It is formal and certifies the achievement of learner at the end of the term. • It is an individual and Blue -Print based test. • It is time scheduled.
FA & SA - A comparison Formative Assessment • It is ‘for learning’ • It is both informal and formal • It is through each term • It is diagnostic and remedial • It has flexible timing Summative Assessment • It is ‘of learning’ • It is formal • It is at the end of each term • It is for getting feedback on learning • It has scheduled timing
Marking Scheme • FA (a) – 2 best activities out of maximum of 4 for each child for each term should be assessed for 20 marks each with 10 marks • FA (b) – 2 best slip tests /Classroom Activity Tests (CAT) out of maximum of 4 for each child for each term should be assessed for 20 marks each with 10 marks • Hence, FA (a) and FA (b) altogether constitute 40 marks
The same method is to be adopted for each term (Term 1,2 and 3) • Every teacher should record these marks in the Teacher Assessment Record • Marks are to be converted to corresponding grade and entered in the Teachers Mark and Grade Register • The corresponding grades will be carried over in the Student Cumulative Record
Grades for Co-scholastic Areas Note : In co-scholastic areas if all 5 indicators are present give ‘A’ Grade, for 4 indicators ‘B’ Grade, for 3 Indicators ‘C’ grade, for 2 indicators ‘D’ Grade, 1Indicator ‘E’ grade
PART- 2 – CO-SCHOLASTIC AREAS PART- 2 A – LIFE SKILLS
PART- 2 (D) Co-Curricular Activities Student’s Exceptional Talent / Ability / Skill, if any: ___________________________________
Overall Grade Point AverageCalculation The same method can be adopted for physical education also
DE Program and CCE An overview in TN schools (Chennai & Coimbatore) • Teachers being guided for conducting FA(a) and FA(b) activities for their lessons. • Especially the formats to be maintained by them in spread sheets. • Coordinators guide to perform technology integrated activities for their CCE. • Incorporating this in the lesson plan/notes of lesson.
Challenges • Teachers unable to prioritize time. • Maintaining the formats and records by the teachers. • Charts and pictures – involves money/parents unwilling.
Students focussed only on activities and short answers, not attending brief answers in exam. • Subject teachers unable to prioritize co scholastic areas.
Comparison between KV and Govt. school K V schools: (I &II) • No formal examination. • Teacher will evaluate students through CCE. • Testing can be done while teaching or separately. • Students should obtain at least “C” grade . If a child gets “D” grade , teacher should repeat the cycle. Govt. School: (I to V) • Through SABL for each lesson. • Achievement tests. • Simple FA(a) and FA(b) activities in CCE. • Focus on automatic promotion.
CCE in Classes VI to VIII CCE in Classes III to X • CCE will be conducted in two terms during one academic year. • For each term two FAs and one SA will be conducted. • Trimester system followed. • CCE conducted in all three terms in one academic year. • For each term 4 FA(a) and 4 FA(b) will be conducted.
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT TERM I • FA I – Subject wise pen paper test will be conducted. • FA 2 – Marks will be given to students for written assignments, activities and presentations. TERM I • FA(a) – Activities listed for each subject and 4 activities to be conducted. • FA(b) – Class level tests 4 to be conducted.
Teacher is free to carry out minimum one meaningful activity out of the above suggested list of areas. • The process of calculation of over all performance of the students are based on the achievement in the scholastic area as well as co-scholastic areas. • Teacher is free to carry out minimum 4 meaningful activities out of the suggested list of areas. • Same.
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT TERM I • SA I – Subject wise pen paper test will be conducted. • Similarly FA 3, FA 4 & SA 2 will be conducted for Term II TERM I • One SA per term. • 3 SA for one academic year. • Similarly for term II
Marks & Grade • FA I & FA2 mark is converted to 10 for over all assessment. • SA I mark is converted to 30 for overall assessment. • Grade varies from E2 – A1 Marks & Grade • FA(a) and FA(b) is converted for 40 for over all assessment. • SA is converted for 60 for over all assessment. • Grade lllr toKV
Views about CCE • Very effective in assessment of the Students. • Assessment accessible for all types of learners in the class. • Teachers become empowered. • Teachers refresher trainings become mandatory. • Indirectly it becomes a assessment of teachers.