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LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT

LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT

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  1. LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT YOUTH-IN-GOVERNMENT
  2. Objective SWBAT examine the history, contents, and importance of the first State Constitutions SWBAT list the basic principles and kinds of provisions found in every State Constitution.
  3. FEDERALISM 10TH AMENDMENT The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. - ANY POWER NOT GIVEN TO THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT OR DENIED TO THE STATES IS ASSUMED HELD BY THE STATES.
  4. FEDERALISM STATE POWERS BOTH NATIONAL POWERS RESERVED SHARED DELEGATED CONCURRENT MARRIAGE COIN MONEY DRINKING AGE TAX REGULATE TRADE SCHOOLS COURTS ARMED FORCES
  5. Federalism (A Principal of American Government) State   Federal Power starts with the people, is shared first with the state and then with the federal government. RESERVED ---- DELEGATED -- CONCURRENT
  6. FEDERALISM While each of the 50 states has its own constitution, all provisions of state constitutions must comply with the U.S. Constitution. For example, a state constitution cannot deny accused criminals the right to a trial by jury, as assured by the U.S. Constitution's 6th Amendment.
  7. THE BALANCE OF POWER HAS CHANGED. State Governments more important until post Civil War. First personal income tax issued in 1861 (Revenue Act of 1861 – 3% for incomes $800 or more). Power of Federal government expanded greatly during depression years (FDR – New Deal). Today the Federal Government has grown in it’s power. Grants and Subsidies have continue to help exert Federal influence over citizens and business. (Bail outs, economic stimulus money, jobs, etc.)
  8. 2/3 Warm Up Which Amendment protects American Federalism? A power that is given to the Federal Govt by the Constitution is called? Give an example. A power that is set aside for State Govt by the Constitution is called? Give an example. A power that is shared by both Federal and State Govt is called? Give an example. Although all States have their own Constituion and right to pass unique laws, they all must do what?
  9. PRINTZ V. UNITED STATES 1997 Was a Supreme Court ruling that established the unconstitutionality of parts of the Brady Handgun legislation. The court determined that Congress could NOT force states to enforce these provisions, in some ways this reminded Congress of the relationships set forth by Federalism. READ PAGE 109 OF TEXT, ANSWER QUESTIONS 1,2,3 ON SHEET OF LOOSELEAF PAPER. Now Read pages 684-688, and answer the section 1 assessment questions on 688, #1-5
  10. GOAL 2 WILL IDENTIFY THE DOCUMENTS THAT ESTABLISH THE PLAN OF GOVERNMENT AT THE STATE, COUNTY AND LOCAL LEVEL. STATE CONSTITUTION, COUNTY CHARTER, CITY CHARTER GOAL 3 DESCRIBE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.
  11. If there is no mention of government beyond the levels of Federal and State in the Constitution, why do we have local governments?
  12. Local Governments get their power from the State Governments Incorporation & Charter STATE COUNTY CITY, TOWNSHIP SPECIAL DISTRICTS (School Boards)
  13. LOCAL GOVERNMENTS GET THEIR POWER FROM THE STATE Incorporation -The process by which the state turns some power over to a local government. Charter- A local plan for government (constitution) COUNTY, CITY, TOWNSHIP, SCHOOL BOARDS
  14. State Constitutions Every state in the United States has its own constitution. All state constitutions must be in compliance with the U.S. Constitution and approved by their State Legislature.
  15. Ohio In 1803 became the 17th state to join the United States of America. ** Ohio’s executive branch is made up of six officers: Governor and lieutenant governor, Secretary of state, Attorney general, Auditor, and Treasurer. Ohio’s General Assembly (the legislatve branch), is made up of two houses--the Senate, which has 33 members, and the House of Representatives, which has 99 members. The Judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court, which has one chief justice and six associate justices.
  16. STATE POWERS(SERVICES) Trade within the state Public Schools License requirements for professionals (doctors, lawyers, etc) Regulate alcoholic beverages Conduct elections Establish local governments
  17. Ohio State Constitution Activity Info on state executive office
  18. There are approximately 89,000 units of government across the nation. Almost all of them are local.
  19. Municipal Government A municipality is a city, town, or village that holds a charter (GRANTED BY THE STATE) outlining their powers. They provide many different services to their members. SERVICES trash collection, sewer systems, parks, public transportation, police and fire departments. Municipalities can serve more than one community collectively. Example: Rocky River Municipal Court
  20. Municipal Governments The most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau (2007) counted 39,044 general purpose local governments, which includes 19,492 municipal governments, 16,519 township governments and 3,034 county governments. There are 50,432 special purpose local governments, which includes 37,381 special districts, 13,726 independent school districts, and 1,452 dependent public school systems. 
  21. County Charter Like all local government, created by State Charter. There are 3,034 counties in America. They administer state laws, and county laws the state allows them to create. Main functions: keep peace, maintain jails, assess property values for tax purposes, build and repair roads, bridges, drains and public works Counties record deeds, mortgages, marriage licenses, administer elections, care for the poor, and protect health In urban areas they now provide water and sewer service, have trained police, fire, and medical units operate airports, and mass transit systems. They build and operate auditoriums, sports stadiums, golf courses, and other recreational facilities.
  22. Cuyahoga County Charter Activity
  23. PARTICIPATION WITH THE POWERS THEY HAVE AND SERVICES THEY PROVIDE, EXPLAIN WHAT YOU WOULD LIKE FAIRVIEW PARK’S GOVERNMENT TO FOCUS ON IMPROVING? EXPLAIN WHY FOR EACH Come up with 3 improvements
  24. City of Fairview Park Charter Activity
  25. Fairview Park Improvement Activity
  26. Goal Will be able to identify 6 of the guests who will participate in YIG and recount some basic information for each.
  27. Stuff on role of Mayor in book
  28. MAYOR EILEEN PATTON Graduate of St. Joseph’s Academy Member of the League of Women Voters Member of numerous regional groups Mayor of Fairview Park since 2000. Goals Motels, Westgate, Gemini.
  29. Rocky River Municipal Court Bay Village, Fairview, North Olmsted, Rocky River and Westlake. Traffic cases, Domestic Violence, Assault, Endangering Children, Theft, DUI. **Judge Donna Congeni Fitzsimmons- one time county prosecutor, served as a special attorney for the U.S. Department of Justice. **– Judge Brian Hagan - Graduate from Cleveland Marshall Law school at Cleveland State, elected to the RR court in 2007.
  30. COUNTY COUNCIL DAVID GREENSPAN Greenspan earned a Bachelor of Science in Accounting and Business Administration from Troy University in Alabama. He made Cuyahoga County his home three years ago.   Currently, Greenspan is the Chief Financial Officer for LeanStream Media, Inc. He is married to Mary Kim Elkins, has a daughter in Atlanta, and a son enrolled in Westlake High School. He and his wife are expecting a child in Spring 2011.
  31. STATE REPRESENTATIVE NAN BAKER Your State Representative Nan A. Baker - Westlake Comittees Economic Development, Education, Urban Revitalization PERSONAL Married 34 years with 2 daughters, 26 and 23 and 1 son, 20. ELECTED OFFICE HOLDER SINCE 1996 Reelected in November 2010 Westlake Board Of Education Member - 1996 – 1999 3 Term Westlake City Council Member BUSINESS EXPERIENCE Small Business Operator Endorsed by the National Federation of Independent Business (Ohio) – 2008 EDUCATION B.A., Baldwin Wallace College
  32. STATE SENATOR TOM PATTON Your State SenatorTom Patton Hometown: Strongsville Current Term: Expires December 2012. Senate member since November 2008. Committee Chair  Finance and Financial Institutions Highways and Transportation. State Representative (2003 - 2008) Occupation: Business Consultant for Blue Technologies Education: Attended Cleveland State University
  33. TOPICS FOR QUESTIONS SNOW REMOVAL (Mayor Patton) CITY PARKS (Mayor Patton) COST OF COLLEGE (Nan Baker) RACE TO THE TOP MONEY FOR FAIRVIEW PARK (BOE Member) STIMULUS MONEY FOR OHIO OR FAIRVIEW PARK (Tom Patton, Nan Baker, or Mayor Patton) IMPROVE MATH AND SCIENCE SKILLS (Nan Baker) DEVELOP LORAIN ROAD (Mayor Patton, Councilman Greenspan, Tom Patton) GOVERNOR’S CABINET APPOINTMENTS (Nan Baker, Tom Patton) DRUNK DRIVING LAWS (Brian Hagen, Donna Fitzsimmons )
  34. FP BOE Joe Shucofsky President of BOE B.A. University of Dayton Case Western School of Law Lawyer private practice Business advisory council Polaris career center board member 6th year on BOE Married, 2 children
  35. Fairview Park, Board of Education Joslyn Dalton Vice President of BOE B.A. Health Information Management & Systems - Ohio State University Registered Health Information Administrator Teacher at Tri-C Married, 1 son, 1 daughter 2nd year on BOE
  36. FP BOE Mark St. John B.A. in Social Work and Education Cleveland State University Teacher Independence Local Schools TEA committee Polaris Career Center Board Member 6th year on BOE Married, 4 children
  37. Fairview Park Board of Education Katie Davis B.A. in Mechanical Engineering Cleveland State University Has worked on large-scale chemical plant projects Served as a project engineer overseeing engineering and construction of global threat reduction and nation security projects for the US Government around the world. Fairview Park Summerfest committee Married, 1 boy 1st year on BOE
  38. Fairview Park Board of Education Deborah Tidwell Ohio Parent Teacher Association Interim district advisor on the Ohio PTA Board of Directors Has been Treasurer for FPCS Volunteer of the year by Fairview Park Youth Association in 06 Substitute secretary in district 1998-2002. Married, 6 children 1st year on BOE
  39. YIG - Goals 2/17 Goal – SWBAT use information learned about the government officials participating in the YIG week to develop educated questions to ask each official.
  40. State of City - 3/2 Objective SWBAT identify the challenges faced by city of Fairview Park and the solutions proposed to fight those challenges by Mayor Patton in the 2010 State of the City address.
  41. State Executive Office - Objectives SWBAT describe the governor’s many roles, including the powers, duties, and limitations of the office. SWBAT identify the offices and roles of other important state executives.
  42. The Governor: Qualifications American citizen Usually 25 to 30 years old Has to live in state for a given period of time (usually 5 years) Must be a qualified voter Must attract the party’s nomination most importantly (that can mean a lot of specific qualities)
  43. C and C Who is this man? Arnold Schwarzenegger What important role does he play in politics within our nation? Governor of California What does his holding of this position say about the position of Governor? Inclusive, not limiting, rules can change
  44. Or does it…? We have had only 25 women out of the over 2,500 Governors in American history 7 of them in office today Of the 25 – 17 Democrats and 8 Republicans Why do you think so few women have served in our country as Governors?
  45. Voices on Government Read the section titled “Voices on Government” on page 695. What do you think the dangers would be of focusing too much on either of the conflicting demands Kunin mentions – the day to day tasks or her broader vision? How might her dilemma apply to others in state government?
  46. Selection process Popular vote in every state Major parties pick candidates in a primary Most states now have lieutenant governors – usually joint election Who is the woman to the right? Mary Taylor – Lt. Governor of Ohio
  47. Term 4 years nearly everywhere Usually limited to 2 terms (only VA single term) If a successor is needed… 43 states it is the lieutenant governor Some it is the president of the senate, some it is the secretary of the state
  48. Removal Governors can be impeached in 49 states Only 1 in the past 7 years Recall – a petition by which voters may remove an elected official before completing is regular term Only 2 ever have been
  49. Pay Salaries now average over $100,000 but there is a wide range They get an official residence provided and an expense account
  50. A Governor’s Many Roles Chief Executive Chief Administrator Chief Legislator Party leader Opinion leader Ceremonial figure Who’s this to the right? Former Gov Ted Strickland
  51. C and C Which role do you think is most important for our governor to be strong at? Who is the current Governor of Ohio? When did he take office?
  52. Powers of the Governor of Ohio Chief executive of Ohio John Kasich (Rep.) 2010-Present Replaced Strickland (06-10) – only democrat since 1990.
  53. Executive Powers Appointment and Removal (limited by state legislature) Supervisory Powers Budget Making Powers (with legislative approval) Military Powers (Commands state militia if needed)
  54. Legislative Powers The Message Power (recommend legislation) Hold Special Sessions Veto Power (3/5 to override) and item veto
  55. Judicial Powers Clemency (mercy toward those convicted of crimes) Pardon (release of a person from legal responsibilities of a crime) Commutation (reduce a sentence) Parole (release of a prisoner short of a complete term) Reprieve (postpone execution of a sentence)
  56. Other duties Receives official visitors and welcomes distinguished guests Dedicates new buildings and parks Opens the state fair Addresses many organizations and public gatherings Settle labor disputes Travel to promote the state and its trade interests
  57. Other Executive offices Lieutenant Governor – assistant and replacement Secretary of the State – clerk and record-keeper State Treasurer – custodian of state funds, tax collector, paymaster Attorney General – chief lawyer, legal advisor
  58. Ohio’s Executives Mike Dewine – Attorney General Jon Husted – Secretary of the State
  59. Ohio’s Executives Josh Mandel – State Treasurer Mary Taylor – Lt. Governor
  60. State Auditor Independent Agency of State Government. State Auditor – “watchdog” agency. Provides info on financial accountability of offices of state government. Fights against fraud, etc.
  61. State Auditor – Dave Yost
  62. Kasich in Action!
  63. Ohio Senate Bill 5 Passed Ohio Senate March 2, 2011 Republican proposed and endorsed by Kasich Controversial because… Read article and answer questions
  64. End Local Government Unit
  65. Balancing Ohio’s Budget Balancing Ohio’s Budget Activity (Columbus Dispatch Simulator) Go to the following web site… http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/insight/budget/index.html Here’s your chance to solve Ohio’s financial crisis. Assume you are the governor. Choose some or all of the 34 options listed. Submit and print ALL results (highlight them, I want the choices you made too) out your 1st results to be turned in. Then click “Revise my choices” and make an attempt to balance the budget if unable to do so the first time. Click submit and print out your 2nd results to be turned in. Do not attempt a third time. Turn in your 2nd results regardless if you balanced the budget or not. Once done work on your “Senate Bill 5” questions.
  66. UPCOMING ASSIGNMENT FORMULATE A GREAT QUESTION FOR ONE OF OUR GUESTS. - CURRENT ISSUE THAT YOU HAVE AN INTEREST IN. - RELATED TO CONSTITUTION OR CHARTER -APPRORIATE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT - ACCESS PUBLIC INFORMATION(BUDGETS, MEETING MINUTES)
  67. GOAL WILL OUTLINE A PLAN TO ADDRESS A PROBLEM FACING FAIRVIEW PARK, CUYAHOGA COUNTY OR THE STATE OF OHIO.
  68. START JUDICIAL BRANCH UNIT
  69. COURT SYSTEM - MANY LEVELS . 1. FEDERAL 2. STATE 3. COUNTY 4. CITY - MUNICIPAL
  70. Definitions Jurisdiction - the official power to make legal decisions and judgments Plaintiff- a person, or group, that brings a charge against another ( in a criminal matter this would be the city, state or federal prosecutor ) Defendant - a person or group charged or sued in court Criminal Case - Body of government prosecutes an individual ( or group) for breaking a law. Civil Case - An individual or group sues another individual or group for harming them in some way.
  71. Rocky River Municipal Court Bay Village, Fairview, North Olmsted, Rocky River and Westlake. **Judge Donna Congeni Fitzsimmons **Judge Brian F. Hagan Traffic cases, Domestic Violence, Assault, Endangering Children, Theft, DUI.
  72. CUYAHOGA COUNTY When a government no longer serves the best interests of the people, then the people must change that government. Change usually comes through the election of new office holders, but sometimes that is not enough change. This is such a time. We, the people of Cuyahoga County, Ohio, desire a reformed County Government to significantly improve the County's  economic competitiveness……………………
  73. CUYAHOGA COUNTY PREVIOUSLY 3 COMMISIONERS COMMISIONERS OUT COUNCIL IN NOW 11 COUNCIL MEMBERS AND 1 PRESIDENT OF COUNCIL
  74. GOAL WILL OUTLINE A PLAN TO ADDRESS A PROBLEM FACING FAIRVIEW PARK, CUYAHOGA COUNTY OR THE STATE OF OHIO.
  75. GOAL WILL BE ABLE TO ACCESS PUBLIC RECORDS AND UTILIZE INFORMATION PROVIDED.
  76. GOAL WILL IDENTIFY A CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUE INVOLVING LOCAL, COUNTY OR STATE GOVERNMENT.
  77. GOAL WILL DESCRIBE RELATION OF PRINCIPLES OF THE OHIO CONSTITUTION WITH PRINCIPLES IN THE U.S. CONSTITUTION.
  78. GOAL WILL IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS KEY PUBLIC POLICY BEING ADDRESSED BY LOCAL, COUNTY AND STATE GOVERNMENTS.
  79. GOAL WILL IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS KEY PUBLIC POLICY BEING ADDRESSED BY LOCAL, COUNTY AND STATE GOVERNMENTS.
  80. GOAL WILL DESCRIBE WAYS THAT A CITIZEN CAN PARTICIPATE IN LOCAL, COUNTY AND STATE GOVERNMENTS.