Balanced Literacy in the Elementary Classroom- Building from the Ground Up Core Content Training 3rd-5thGrade TeachersNTA, August 2013 Dallas ISD Language & Literacy Department
Goals for Participants Participants will understand the Dallas ISD Balanced Literacy Framework. Participants will know how to locate Dallas ISD curriculum resources. Participants will understand what a literacy block looks like in the third through fifth grade classroom.
Core Beliefs • Our main purpose is to improve student academic achievement. • Effective instruction makes the most difference in student academic performance. • There is no excuse for poor quality instruction. • With our help, at risk students will achieve at the same rate as non-at risk students. • Staff members must have a commitment to children and a commitment to the pursuit of excellence
What is our Lesson Focus? • Our Lesson Objective for the first portion of this training is: Participants will understand the components of the Dallas ISD Balanced Literacy Framework. • Our Demonstration Of Learning for the first portion of this training is: Given the definitions of literacy components, participants will be able to correctly match at least 4 of the 6 components with its definition.
Keep your eyes out for MRS • Response Card • Whip Around • Modified Whip Around • Think-Pair-Share • Table Talk • Quick Response • Oral/Choral Response • White Boards
Dallas ISD Reading & Writing Philosophy Dallas ISD believes that a balanced approach to literacy development is essential to building the foundational blocks of knowledge for strategic reading, writing, and analytical thinking. We believe that purposeful integration of interactive and engaging reading and writing skills in all disciplines, and media literacy, provide opportunities for students to enjoy reading, explore new learning, deepen thinking, ask and answer questions, and more importantly, develop lifelong learning.
#1 #2 #3
Balanced Literacy Characteristics • The balanced approach to instruction is based on a comprehensive view of literacy that combines explicit instruction, guided practice, collaborative learning, and independent reading and writing.
Comprehensive Literacy Framework comprehension WORD STUDY WRITING READING
Read Aloud Teacher reads a selection aloud to students engaging in a series of activities, including: • previewing • vocabulary development • predicting • questioning • story analysis • feature analysis • responding
Shared Reading Teacher and students read text together promoting discussion, problem-solving and critical thinking. It is an interactive experience in which an enlarged text is used for all students to see.
Guided Reading Teacher works with small groups of students who have similar reading needs. The teacher selects and introduces new books carefully chosen to match the instructional levels of students with increasingly challenging levels of difficulty. The goal is to increase comprehension and encourage independent reading.
Independent Reading Students self-select and independently read appropriate books based on their independent reading level and interest. During this time, students practice reading strategies that were explicitly taught during read aloud, shared reading and guided reading.
Reading Workshop • A framework of reading instruction that includes components that support comprehension and vocabulary development, differentiation of instruction and independence.
Writing Aloud/Modeled Writing The teacher is routinely modeling the writing process in front of students by “thinking out loud” and supporting the writing process as a scribe.
Shared Writing Teacher and students create the text together; then the teacher does the actual writing.
Small Group Writing (Guided Writing) Guided Writing lessons are temporary, small group lessons teaching those strategies that a group of students most need to practice with immediate guidance from teachers.
Independent Writing Students write independently in a variety of genres. Writing topics are either directed by the teacher or often self-selected. During this time, students practice writing strategies and techniques that were explicitly taught during shared writing, interactive writing and guided writing.
Writing Workshop During Writing Workshop, children proceed through the writing process and use a variety of writing forms. The teacher guides the process and provides instruction through focus lessons and conferences.
Word Study- The Connection
Phonics & Decoding Phonics is the study and use of sound/spelling correspondences to help students identify written words. Phonics instruction teaches students the relationship between letters(graphemes) and speech sounds(phonemes).
Fluency Fluency refers to the ability of students to read and write quickly, effortlessly, and efficiently with good, meaningful expression… “Fluent readers... are able to read words accurately and effortlessly. They recognize words and phrases instantly on sight. Very little cognitive energy is expended in decoding the words. This means, then, that the maximum amount of cognitive energy can be directed to the all-important task of making sense of the text.”
Vocabulary Words that make up speech (oral) or text (reading and writing) and their meanings Distinctions: • Receptive vocabulary: requires a reader to associate a specific meaning with a given label • Oral vocabulary • Reading vocabulary • Expressive vocabulary: requires a speaker or writer to produce a specific label for a particular meaning • Oral vocabulary • Writing vocabulary
Grammar/Language • Every word has a job • Punctuation helps with fluency and comprehension • CUPSS • Academic Language
Demonstration of Learning • Given the definitions of literacy components, participants will be able to correctly match at least 4 of the 6 components with its definition.
Lesson Objective • Participants will know how to locate and utilize Dallas ISD curriculum resources.
Curriculum Tools for RLA • CPG (curriculum planning guide) • Semester curriculum maps • Six weeks curriculum maps • Calendar Maps (by six weeks- 5th grade only) • Journeys/Senderos • The Write Source
Semester Curriculum Map Semester Curriculum Map
Six Weeks Curriculum Maps Six Weeks Curriculum Map
Calendar Maps (by 6 weeks) THIS IS ONLY AVAILABLE IN 2013-2014 FOR 5TH GRADE
Demonstration of Learning • Given a list of 4 curriculum tools, participants will explain how each tool helps in planning a Balanced Literacy lesson with 95% accuracy. CPG Six Weeks Calendar Map Semester Curriculum Map Six Weeks Curriculum Map
“Our goal was to write a book about teaching reading in upper elementary classrooms, but we quickly abandoned that idea. The interconnectedness of reading and writing is profound and inescapable. We couldn’t address reading without discussing writing as well, because literacy doesn’t unfold that way in the classroom – or shouldn’t. Fragmenting these complex literacy processes interferes with the greatest goal of literacy education – the construction of meaning from and through text. Using reading and writing together in harmonious concert enables learners to draw on these complementary processes at the same time they work to construct meaning.” - Irene Fountas & Gay Su Pinnell, Guiding Readers and Writers, p. vi
Michelle Brown, MLEP • firstname.lastname@example.org • 972.502.4195 • Michele Nichols, RLA • email@example.com • 972.925.6705